Project description:Analysis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 treated with 200 µM sphingomyelin. Results provide insight into the response to sphingomyelin in P. aeruginosa. Overall design: P. aeruginosa PAO1 was cultured in the presence and absence of sphingomyelin. The orginal culture was divided into two parts. One was treated with 200 μM sphingomyelin and the other served as a control. The experiment was performed in tripricates.
Project description:The ParS/ParR two component regulatory system plays important roles for multidrug resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In this study we report RNA-seq analyses of the transcriptomes of P. aeruginosa PAO1 wild type and par mutants growing in a minimal medium containing 2% casamino acids. This has allowed the quantification of PAO1 transcriptome, and further defines the regulon that is dependent on the ParS/ParR system for expression. Our RNA-seq analysis produced the first estimates of absolute transcript abundance for the 5570 coding genes in P. aeruginosa PAO1. Comparative transcriptomics of P. aeruginosa PAO1 and par mutants identified a total of 464 genes regulated by ParS and ParR. Results also showed that mutations in the parS/parR system abolished the expression of the mexEF-oprN operon by down-regulating the regulatory gene mexS. In addition to affecting drug resistance genes, transcripts of quorum sensing genes (rhlIR and pqsABCDE-phnAB), were significantly up-regulated in both parS and parR mutants. Consistent with these results, a significant portion of the ParS/ParR regulated genes belonged to the MexEF-OprN and quorum sensing regulons. Deletion of par genes also lead to overproduction of phenazines and increased swarming motility, consistent with the up-regulation of quorum sensing genes. Our results established a link among ParS/ParR, MexEF-OprN and quorum sensing in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Based on these results, we propose a model to illustrate the relationship among these regulatory systems in P. aeruginosa. A total of 9 samples were analyzed in AB medium + 2% casamino acids, Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 wild type strain (3 replicates); Pseudomonas aeruginosa parS mutant (3 replicates); Pseudomonas aeruginosa parR mutant (3 replicates).
Project description:Transcriptomic and phenotypic studies showed that pyocins are produced in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 aerobic and anaerobic biofilms. Pyocin activity was found to be high in slow-growing anaerobic biofilms but transient in aerobic biofilms. Biofilm coculture of strain PAO1 and a pyocin-sensitive isolate showed that pyocin production had a significant impact on bacterial population dynamics, particularly under anaerobic conditions.
Project description:Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) mediated by the spread of plasmids fuels evolution in prokaryotes. Although plasmids provide bacteria with new adaptive genes, they also produce physiological alterations that often translate into a reduction in bacterial fitness. The fitness costs associated with plasmids represent an important limit to plasmid maintenance in bacterial communities, but their molecular origins remain largely unknown. In this work, we combine phenomics, transcriptomics and metabolomics to study the fitness effects produced by a collection of diverse plasmids in the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. Using this approach, we scan the physiological changes imposed by plasmids and test the generality of some main mechanisms that have been proposed to explain the cost of HGT, including increased biosynthetic burden, reduced translational efficiency, and impaired chromosomal replication. Our results suggest that the fitness effects of plasmids have a complex origin, since none of these mechanisms could individually provide a general explanation for the cost of plasmid carriage. Interestingly, our results also showed that plasmids alter the expression of a common set of metabolic genes in PAO1, and produce convergent changes in host cell metabolism. These surprising results suggest that there is a common metabolic response to plasmids in P. aeruginosa PAO1.
Project description:The small envelope protein MucE and the sensor kinase KinB are a positive and negative alginate regulator, respectively. Here, we announce the draft genome sequences of the alginate-overproducing variants Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1-VE2 (PAO1 with constitutive expression of mucE) and PAO1-VE13 (PAO1 with kinB inactivated). Both mutants were generated from a transposon mutagenesis screen.
Project description:Functional genomics research can give us valuable insights into bacterial gene function. RNA Sequencing (RNA-seq) can generate information on transcript abundance in bacteria following abiotic stress treatments. In this study, we used the RNA-seq technique to study the transcriptomes of the opportunistic nosocomial pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 following heat shock. Samples were grown at both the human body temperature (37 °C) and an arbitrarily-selected temperature of 46 °C. In this work using RNA-seq, we identified 133 genes that are differentially expressed at 46 °C compared to the human body temperature. Our work identifies some key P. aeruginosa PAO1 genes whose products have importance in both environmental adaptation as well as in vivo infection in febrile hosts. More importantly, our transcriptomic results show that many genes are only expressed when subjected to heat shock. Because the RNA-seq can generate high throughput gene expression profiles, our work reveals many unanticipated genes with further work to be done exploring such genes products.
Project description:Genomic DNA from Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains PAO1 and PA14 Overall design: Pseudomonas aeruginosa genomic DNA was isolated, fragmented and hybridized to Affymetrix Pseudomonas GeneChips.
Project description:In this experiment the transcriptional response of the opportunistic human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa to sublethal concentrations of NaClO was investigated. To this aim, four independent cultures of P. aeruginosa PAO1 grown in minimal medium BM2 were treated with NaClO (2 ug/ml) for 1 h at 37 C followed by RNA extraction and microarray analysis. Untreated cultures served as controls.
Project description:Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 is the most commonly used strain for research on this ubiquitous and metabolically versatile opportunistic pathogen. Strain PAO1, a derivative of the original Australian PAO isolate, has been distributed worldwide to laboratories and strain collections. Over decades discordant phenotypes of PAO1 sublines have emerged. Taking the existing PAO1-UW genome sequence (named after the University of Washington, which led the sequencing project) as a blueprint, the genome sequences of reference strains MPAO1 and PAO1-DSM (stored at the German Collection for Microorganisms and Cell Cultures [DSMZ]) were resolved by physical mapping and deep short read sequencing-by-synthesis. MPAO1 has been the source of near-saturation libraries of transposon insertion mutants, and PAO1-DSM is identical in its SpeI-DpnI restriction map with the original isolate. The major genomic differences of MPAO1 and PAO1-DSM in comparison to PAO1-UW are the lack of a large inversion, a duplication of a mobile 12-kb prophage region carrying a distinct integrase and protein phosphatases or kinases, deletions of 3 to 1,006 bp in size, and at least 39 single-nucleotide substitutions, 17 of which affect protein sequences. The PAO1 sublines differed in their ability to cope with nutrient limitation and their virulence in an acute murine airway infection model. Subline PAO1-DSM outnumbered the two other sublines in late stationary growth phase. In conclusion, P. aeruginosa PAO1 shows an ongoing microevolution of genotype and phenotype that jeopardizes the reproducibility of research. High-throughput genome resequencing will resolve more cases and could become a proper quality control for strain collections.
Project description:For bacteria, many studies have focused on the role of respiratory enzymes in energy conservation; however, their effect on cell behavior is poorly understood. Pseudomonas aeruginosa can perform both aerobic respiration and denitrification. Previous studies demonstrated that cbb3-type cytochrome c oxidases that support aerobic respiration are more highly expressed in P. aeruginosa under anoxic conditions than are other aerobic respiratory enzymes. However, little is known about their role under such conditions. In this study, it was shown that cbb3 oxidases of P. aeruginosa PAO1 alter anaerobic growth, the denitrification process, and cell morphology under anoxic conditions. Furthermore, biofilm formation was promoted by the cbb3 oxidases under anoxic conditions. cbb3 oxidases led to the accumulation of nitric oxide (NO), which is produced during denitrification. Cell elongation induced by NO accumulation was reported to be required for robust biofilm formation of P. aeruginosa PAO1 under anoxic conditions. Our data show that cbb3 oxidases promote cell elongation by inducing NO accumulation during the denitrification process, which further leads to robust biofilms. Our findings show that cbb3 oxidases, which have been well studied as aerobic respiratory enzymes, are also involved in denitrification and influence the lifestyle of P. aeruginosa PAO1 under anoxic conditions.