Emerging evidence from the current outbreak of Zika virus (ZIKV) indicates a strong causal link between Zika and microcephaly. To investigate how ZIKV infection leads to microcephaly, we used human embryonic stem cell-derived cerebral organoids to recapitulate early stage, first trimester fetal brain development. Here we show that a prototype strain of ZIKV, MR766, efficiently infects organoids and causes a decrease in overall organoid size that correlates with the kinetics of viral copy number. ...[more]
Project description:RNA-seq was utilized to characterize the transcriptome of human embryonic stem cells-derived 3D cerebral organoids. Briefly, H9 hESCs were differentiated into cerebral organoids using previously established methods (Lancaster, 2013). Coding and noncoding genes were analyzed in 1 month and 2 month old cerebral organoid samples. Overall design: Examination of transcriptome of hESC and cerebral organoids 1 month and 2 months old with 2 experimental replicates per group.
Project description:Cerebral organoids – three-dimensional cultures of human cerebral tissue derived from pluripotent stem cells – have emerged as models of human cortical development. However, the extent to which in vitro organoid systems recapitulate neural progenitor cell proliferation and neuronal differentiation programs observed in vivo remains unclear. Here we use single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) to dissect and compare cell composition and progenitor-to-neuron lineage relationships in human cerebral organoids and fetal neocortex. Covariation network analysis using the fetal neocortex data reveals known and novel interactions among genes central to neural progenitor proliferation and neuronal differentiation. In the organoid, we detect diverse progenitors and differentiated cell types of neuronal and mesenchymal lineages, and identify cells that derived from regions resembling the fetal neocortex. We find that these organoid cortical cells use gene expression programs remarkably similar to those of the fetal tissue in order to organize into cerebral cortex-like regions. Our comparison of in vivo and in vitro cortical single cell transcriptomes illuminates the genetic features underlying human cortical development that can be studied in organoid cultures. 734 single-cell transcriptomes from human fetal neocortex or human cerebral organoids from multiple time points were analyzed in this study. All single cell samples were processed on the microfluidic Fluidigm C1 platform and contain 92 external RNA spike-ins. Fetal neocortex data were generated at 12 weeks post conception (chip 1: 81 cells; chip 2: 83 cells) and 13 weeks post conception (62 cells). Cerebral organoid data were generated from dissociated whole organoids derived from induced pluripotent stem cell line 409B2 (iPSC 409B2) at 33 days (40 cells), 35 days (68 cells), 37 days (71 cells), 41 days (74 cells), and 65 days (80 cells) after the start of embryoid body culture. Cerebral organoid data were also generated from microdissected cortical-like regions from H9 embryonic stem cell derived organoids at 53 days (region 1, 48 cells; region 2, 48 cells) or from iPSC 409B2 organoids at 58 days (region 3, 43 cells; region 4, 36 cells).
Project description:In this study, we generated wildtype H9 hESC derived cardiomyocytes (CM) and neural stem cells (NSC) by in vitro differentiation. Global gene expression profiles were compared among undifferentiated H9 hESC and the derived CM and NSC. Comparison of global gene expression profiles of undifferentiated H9 hESC and the derived CM and NSC populations.
Project description:In this study, we generated wildtype H9 hESC derived cardiomyocytes (CM) and neural stem cells (NSC) by in vitro differentiation. Global gene expression profiles were compared among undifferentiated H9 hESC and the derived CM and NSC. Overall design: Comparison of global gene expression profiles of undifferentiated H9 hESC and the derived CM and NSC populations.
Project description:Bulk ATAC-seq was performed on human, chimpanzee, bonobo, and macaque stem cell-derived cerebral organoids. ATAC-seq was performed on day 60 (2 months old) and day 120 (4 months old) cerebral organoids.
Project description:Microarray data on H9 hESC-derived cardiomyocytes (d30) treated with 0, 0.1, 1, or 10 uM of doxorubicin for 24 h Establish effects of increasing doses of doxorubicin on control H9 hESC-derived cardiomyocytes Monolayers of cells in a 24-well plate were treated for 24 h