Project description:We used the Illumina RNAseq approach to study the effects of acute exposure to elevated CO2 on gene expression in primary polyps of Acropora millepora Examination of transcriptome in Acropora millepora primary polyps at 380, 750 and 1000 ppm CO2 after 3 days exposure
Project description:Purpose: Corals are major sources of dimethylsulphoniopropionate (DMSP), a compound that plays a central role in the global sulphur cycle. While DMSP biosynthesis pathways have been investigated in plants and algae, the molecular basis for its production by corals is unknown. Given its potential role as an osmolyte, the effect of salinity stress on levels of DMSP was investigated in both adults and juveniles (lacking photosynthetic symbionts) of the coral Acropora millepora. This study used transcriptomic data to analyse the effects of salinity over the coral A. millepora and to identify coral genes likely to be involved in DMSP biosynthesis. Methods: Adults coral transcriptomic libraries were constructed from samples exposed during 1 and 24 hours of salinity treatment (25 PSU) and control (35 PSU) conditions (n=5 per condition). Juveniles coral transcriptomic libraries were constructed from samples exposed to 24 and 48 hours of salinity treatment (28 PSU) and control (35 PSU) conditions (n=6 per condition). All libraries were sequenced by 100 bp paired-end in a HiSeq 2000. Reads were mapped onto the Acropora millepora genome using TopHat2 to produce a count data gene expression matrix for subsequent gene expression analysis using DESeq2 package. Results: In adult coral samples, 5.5 - 10.2 million RNAseq reads were obtained for each treatment sampling time while 3.4 - 8.8 million reads were obtained for each juvenile coral sample. The count matrix of the 26,622 A. millepora gene predictions were generated using htseq-count workflow. BlastP analysis of the A. millepora gene predictions led to the identification of coral members of gene families implicated in DMSP biosynthesis in other organisms, while RNA-seq data was used to identify the differentially expressed ones in response to hyposaline stress and on this basis were considered to be candidates for roles in DMSP biosynthesis in corals. Conclusions: Hyposaline stress increased DMSP production in both adults and aposymbiotic juvenile corals, and transcriptomic analyses highlighted the potential involvement of specific candidate genes in the production of DMSP via an alga-like pathway. The biochemistry of DMSP production is not well established for any eukaryotic system and, as the first animals in which it has been demonstrated, this is particularly true in the case of corals. Our RNA-seq results enabled the identification of candidates for roles in DMSP biosynthesis in corals but, given its critical roles in diverse biological processes, a thorough investigation of the molecular mechanisms leading to its production by corals is required. Overall design: RNA-seq profiles of Acropora millepora coral adults (n=18) and juveniles (n=23) under hyposaline stress were generated by 100 bp paired-end sequencing using HiSeq 2000.
Project description:This studies investigates the acute response of the coral Acropora millepora to two immunogenes: MDP (bacterial mimic) and pIC (viral mimic). Three members of the GiMAP familly were found to respond strongly to MDP treatment, showing analalogy to the immune response in vertebrates and plants. Differential gene expression following treatment with two immunogenes
Project description:The metabolic bases of the interaction between the coral Acropora millepora and its dinoflagellate symbiont were investigated by comparing gene expression levels under light and dark conditions at the whole transcriptome level. Among the differentially expressed genes identified, a suite of genes involved in cholesterol transport was found to be up-regulated under light conditions, confirming the significance of this compound in the coral symbiosis. Although ion transporters likely to have roles in calcification were not differentially expressed in this study, expression levels of many genes associated with skeletal organic matrix composition and organization were higher in light conditions. This implies that the rate of organic matrix synthesis is one factor limiting calcification at night. Thus, LEC during the day is likely to be a consequence of increases in both matrix synthesis and the supply of precursor molecules as a result of photosynthetic activity. Branch tips from three adult colonies of Acropora millepora were sampled at midday and midnight