Project description:In this experiment, we used advanced proteomics techniques to discern differences in energy allocation between three strains of ammonia oxidizing bacteria: Nitrosomonas europaea, Nitrosomonas ureae, and Nitrosospira multiformis, during ammonia starved and ammonia replete conditions. Replicate cultures in late log phase from the three strains were starved of ammonia for 24 hours and compared to replicate control cultures grown for the same period. All three species were grown with three biological replicates for each condition and species with the exception of two replicates from the N. ureae starved cultures due to sample processing loss. This study has, to our knowledge, produced the first complete proteomes of Nitrosospira multiformis and Nitrosomonas ureae.
Project description:Pure cultures of ammonia oxidizing bacterium, Nitrosomonas europaea, are exposed to cyanide in pseudo-steady state batch reactor in presence of ammonia. Nitrosomonas europaea are generally regarded as the most sensitive organism to various inhibitors commonly encountered in the wastewater treatment plants (WWTP). To find stress genes of Nitrosomonas europaea to cyanide known as inhibitor of respiratory process, whole-genome transcript response to cyanide was determined in this research using microarray and qRT-PCR. When 1 uM NaCN inhibits nitrification about 50 %, transcript levels of 35 genes were increased while transcript levels of 29 genes were decreased, showing more than 2-fold in total 2460 genes. moeZ (NE2353), homologue with rhodanases related to detoxification of CN-, showed 7-fold up regulation and gene cluster including moeZ also showed significant up regulation. Keywords: cyanide, stress response, moeZ The 1 uM NaCN caused more than 50 % inhibition in physiological response for 1 hour incubation. Transcriptional levels of the cells inhibited by cyanide were compared with the cells under control condition.