Project description:Leuconostoc kimchii strain C2 was isolated from fermented kimchi in Korea. Here we announce the complete genome sequence of Leuconostoc kimchii strain C2, consisting of a 1,877,174-bp chromosome with a G+C content of 37.9% and no plasmid and describe major findings from its annotation.
Project description:Leuconostoc citreum belongs to the group of lactic acid bacteria and plays an important role in fermented foods of plant origin. Here, we report the complete genome of the Leuconostoc citreum strain NRRL B-742, isolated in 1954 for its capacity to produce dextran.
Project description:Leuconostoc carnosum strain JB16 was isolated from kimchi, the traditional Korean fermented food. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of L. carnosum strain JB16, consisting of a 1,645,096-bp circular chromosome with a G+C content of 37.24% and four plasmids.
Project description:A strain of Leuconostoc gelidum, designated strain JB7, was isolated from kimchi, the representative Korean traditional fermented food. Here we announce the complete genome sequence of L. gelidum strain JB7, consisting of a 1,893,499-bp circular chromosome with a G+C content of 36.68%, and provide a description of its annotation.
Project description:Leuconostoc kimchii strain NKJ218 was isolated from homemade kimchi in South Korea. The whole genome was sequenced using the PacBio RS II and Illumina NovoSeq 6000 platforms. Here, we report a genome sequence of strain NKJ218, which consists of a 1.9-Mbp chromosome and three plasmid contigs. A total of 2,005 coding sequences (CDS) were predicted, including 1,881 protein-coding sequences.
Project description:Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides is one of the most predominant lactic acid bacterial groups during kimchi fermentation. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of L. mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides J18, which was isolated from kimchi. The genome of the strain consists of a 1,896,561-bp chromosome and five plasmids.
Project description:Leuconostoc fallax is known to be present during the manufacturing process of kimchi, the best-known traditional Korean dish. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of the type strain Leuconostoc fallax KCTC 3537 (1,638,971 bp, with a G+C content of 37.5%), which consists of 30 large contigs (>100 bp in size).
Project description:Leuconostoc argentinum is one of the most prevalent lactic acid bacteria present during the manufacturing process of kimchi, the best-known traditional Korean dish. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of type strain KCTC 3773 of Leuconostoc argentinum (1,720,683 bp, with a G+C content of 42.9%), which consists of 98 large contigs (>100 bp in size).
Project description:Fructophilic lactic acid bacteria (FLAB), composed of Fructobacillus spp., Lactobacillus kunkeei, and Lactobacillus apinorum, are unique in that they prefer d-fructose over d-glucose as a carbon source. Strain F192-5, isolated from the peel of a satsuma mandarin and identified as Leuconostoc citreum, grows well on d-fructose but poorly on d-glucose and produces mainly lactate and acetate, with trace amounts of ethanol, from the metabolism of d-glucose. These characteristics are identical to those of obligate FLAB. However, strain F192-5 ferments a greater variety of carbohydrates than known FLAB. Comparative analyses of the genomes of strain F192-5 and reference strains of L. citreum revealed no signs of specific gene reductions, especially genes involved in carbohydrate transport and metabolism, in the genome of F192-5. The bifunctional alcohol/acetaldehyde dehydrogenase gene (adhE) is conserved in strain F192-5 but is not transcribed. This is most likely due to a deletion in the promoter region upstream of the adhE gene. Strain F192-5 did, however, ferment d-glucose when transformed with a plasmid containing the allochthonous adhE gene. L. citreum F192-5 is an example of a pseudo-FLAB strain with a deficiency in d-glucose metabolism. This unique phenotypic characteristic appears to be strain specific within the species L. citreum This might be one of the strategies lactic acid bacteria use to adapt to diverse environmental conditions.IMPORTANCE Obligate fructophilic lactic acid bacteria (FLAB) lack the metabolic pathways used in the metabolism of most carbohydrates and differ from other lactic acid bacteria in that they prefer to ferment d-fructose instead of d-glucose. These characteristics are well conserved at the genus or species level. Leuconostoc citreum F192-5 shows similar growth characteristics. However, the strain is metabolically and genomically different from obligate FLAB. This is an example of a strain that evolved a pseudo-FLAB phenotype to adapt to a fructose-rich environment.
Project description:High levels of gums such as dextran, produced by Leuconostoc and Lactobacillus spp., have a severe impact on factory throughput and sugar quality. This study aimed to determine the phylogenetic relationships between gum-producing Leuconostoc and Lactobacillus bacteria which were isolated from various locations in a sugarcane processing factory at times when low- and high-dextran raw sugar, respectively, were produced. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences grouped 81 isolates with the type strains of Leuconostoc mesenteroides (subspp. mesenteroides, dextranicum, and cremoris), Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides, Leuconostoc lactis, and Leuconostoc citreum, respectively. Forty-three isolates clustered with the type strain of Lactobacillus fermentum. The phylogenetic relatedness of the isolates was determined by sequencing and analysis of the housekeeping genes rpoA and dnaA for Leuconostoc spp. and the pheS and tuf genes for the Lactobacillus spp. The rpoA gene proved discriminatory for the phylogenetic resolution of all of the isolated Leuconostoc spp. and the dnaA housekeeping gene was shown to be effective for isolates clustering with the type strains of Leuc. mesenteroides and Leuc. citreum. None of the loci examined permitted differentiation at the subspecies level of Leuc. mesenteroides. Single-locus analysis, as well as the concatenation of the pheS and tuf housekeeping gene sequences, yielded identical phylogenies for the Lactobacillus isolates corresponding to L. fermentum.