Project description:The Prostate Cancer Medically Optimized Genome-Enhanced Therapy (PROMOTE) study uses genetic clues in castration-resistant prostate cancer that may identify an individualized treatment approach for men with the disease. Understanding the molecular biology behind castration-resistant prostate cancer has led to more treatment options, but there are still no definite conclusions about which specific drug best treats patients - maximum suppression of cancer growth while minimizing side effects. The PROMOTE study explores the genetic characteristics of each tumor to predict these treatment paradigms for the future, resulting in more effective and less toxic options for patients. Our long-term goal is to improve treatments for men with advanced prostate cancer by using genomic sequencing to increase life span and quality of life. We also will uncover novel vulnerable targets in the cancer genome that may provide new drug therapies. PARTICIPATION. Eligible... (for more see dbGaP study page.)
Project description:Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men and AR downstream signalings promote prostate cancer cell proliferation. Androgen-deprivation therapy is the first-line treatment strategy for advanced prostate cancer. However, many tumors develop to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and relapse. Thus, analyzing key factors for development of CRPC is important. We found PSF functions as RNA binding protein and transcription factor to promote castration-resistant tumor growth. High expression of PSF in metastatic prostate cancer tissue indicates the clinical relevance. In order to investigate the PSF function in CRPC cells, we performed gene expression in CRPC model cells derived from AR-positive prostate cancer cell lines after siPSF treatment. Overall design: Observation of gene expression changes after treatment with siRNAs targeting PSF wiith microarray.
Project description:Gene expression profiling of immortalized human mesenchymal stem cells with hTERT/E6/E7 transfected MSCs. hTERT may change gene expression in MSCs. Goal was to determine the gene expressions of immortalized MSCs. Overall design: One-condition experment, gene expression of 3A6
Project description:Gene expression profiling of immortalized human mesenchymal stem cells with hTERT/E6/E7 transfected MSCs. hTERT may change gene expression in MSCs. Goal was to determine the gene expressions of immortalized MSCs. One-condition experment, gene expression of 3A6
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of human mesenchymal stem cells comparing normoxic MSCs cells with hypoxic MSCs cells. Hypoxia may inhibit senescence of MSCs during expansion. Goal was to determine the effects of hypoxia on global MSCs gene expression. Overall design: Two-condition experiment, Normoxic MSCs vs. Hypoxic MSCs.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of human mesenchymal stem cells comparing normoxic MSCs cells with hypoxic MSCs cells. Hypoxia may inhibit senescence of MSCs during expansion. Goal was to determine the effects of hypoxia on global MSCs gene expression. Two-condition experiment, Normoxic MSCs vs. Hypoxic MSCs.
Project description:A large body of evidence has demonstrated that many human tumors are maintained by a small cell population called cancer stem cells (CSCs) or tumor progenitors, which are responsible for tumor formation, therapy resistance and metastasis. We found that ionizing radiation treatment enriches for the CSC phenotype and properties by preferential survival and expansion of tumor progenitor cells. Our studies revealed that aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity is indicative of prostate tumor progenitor cells with increased chemo- and radioresistance, enhanced migratory potential, improved DNA- double strand break repair and activation of the signaling pathways, which promote self-renewal and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. We found that X-ray irradiation can convert the bulk tumor cells to more clonogenic and radioresistant population positive for expression of CSC markers. For the first time we showed that irradiation increases histone H3K4 and H3K36 methylation in prostate cancer cells, thereby reactivating transcription of epigenetically silenced target genes. We showed that radioresistant tumor progenitor population undergoes a phenotypical switching during the course of irradiation, suggesting that controlling the phenotypical and functional properties of CSCs during radiation therapy is ultimative for the optimization of treatment strategies. Our studies have shown that CSC markers may be beneficial in prediction of tumor radiocurability, and combination of irradiation with therapies directed against CSCs can be a useful strategy to improve cancer treatment. To identify potential biomarkers associated with CSC population in these xenograft tumors, we performed whole genome gene expression profiling of the xenograft tumors treated with NVP-BEZ235, which eliminates prostate cancer progenitor populations or with Taxotere, which targets the bulk tumor cells as compared with vehicle-treated control mice. Treatment with either vehicle, Taxotere, NVP-BEZ235, or a combination of these two. There are no replicates
Project description:Recurrences of hormone-refractory prostate cancer highly affect the therapeutic outcome. Although anti-androgen therapy prolongs survival in prostate cancer patients, resistance rapidly develops and is often associated with increased androgen receptor expression and upregulated HER2/3-AKT signaling pathway. However, single agent therapy targeting AR, HER2/3 or AKT usually failed due to the reciprocal feedback loop. Here, we demonstrated that herbal extract of Wedelia chinensis (WCE) effectively disrupted the androgen receptor, HER2/3, and AKT signaling network and therefore enhanced therapeutic efficacy of androgen ablation in PCa. Overall design: To further study WCE effect, 22Rv1 prostate cancer cells were treated by vehicle control or 10 μg/mL of WCE for 16 hr. Total RNA expressions were analyzed in cDNA microarray.