Project description:<i>Sphingobium</i> sp. strain PNB can completely degrade phenanthrene, naphthalene, and biphenyl as the sole carbon and energy source. The strain is also capable of cometabolizing benzo[a]pyrene, pyrene, acenaphthene, fluoranthene, etc. Here, we report the 5.69-Mb assembly and annotation of the genome sequence of strain PNB, obtained using Illumina sequencing.
Project description:Sphingobium yanoikuyae TJ is a halotolerant di-n-butyl-phthalate-degrading bacterium, isolated from the Haihe estuary in Bohai Bay, Tianjin, China. Here, we report the 5.1-Mb draft genome sequence of this strain, which will provide insights into the diversity of Sphingobium spp. and the mechanism of phthalate ester degradation in the estuary.
Project description:Sphingobium sp. strain RSMS was described earlier as an efficient degrader of tributyl phosphate, an organic pollutant. This report describes the generation and annotation of the genome sequence of Sphingobium sp. strain RSMS, which will facilitate future studies to identify genetic elements responsible for the degradation of tributyl phosphate.
Project description:<i>Sphingobium barthaii</i> KK22<sup>T</sup> is a high-molecular-weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading soil bacterium that has been investigated in biotransformation, microbial ecology, and DNA damage studies. The complete genome sequence of <i>S. barthaii</i> revealed four closed circular sequences, including two chromosomes, a megaplasmid, and a smaller plasmid, by hybrid assembly using short- and long-read sequencing technologies.
Project description:A Gram-negative strain (TJ) capable of growing aerobically on mixed phthalate esters (PAEs) as the sole carbon and energy source was isolated from the Haihe estuary, Tianjin, China. It was identified as belonging to the Sphingobium genus on the basis of morphological and physiological characteristics and 16S rRNA and gyrb gene sequencing. The batch tests for biodegradation of di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) by the Sphingobium sp. TJ showed that the optimum conditions were 30 °C, pH 7.0, and the absence of NaCl. Stain TJ could tolerate up to 4% NaCl in minimal salt medium supplemented with DBP, although the DBP degradation rates slowed as NaCl concentration increased. In addition, substrate tests showed that strain TJ could utilize shorter side-chained PAEs, such as dimethyl phthalate and diethyl phthalate, but could not metabolize long-chained PAEs, such as di-n-octyl phthalate, diisooctyl phthalate, and di-(2-ethyl-hexyl) phthalate. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the biodegradation characteristics of DBP by a member of the Sphingobium genus.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>The genus Sphingobium within the class Alpha-proteobacteria contains a small number of plant-growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), although it is mostly comprised of organisms that play an important role in biodegradation and bioremediation in sediments and sandy soils. A Sphingobium sp. isolate was obtained from the rhizosphere of the beachgrass Ammophila breviligulata with a variety of plant growth-promoting properties and designated as Sphingobium sp. strain AEW4.<h4>Results</h4>Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene as well as full genome nucleotide and amino acid identities revealed that this isolate is most similar to Sphingobium xenophagum and Sphingobium hydrophobicum. Comparative genomics analyses indicate that the genome of strain AEW4 contains unique features that explain its relationship with a plant host as a PGPR, including pathways involved in monosaccharide utilization, fermentation pathways, iron sequestration, and resistance to osmotic stress. Many of these unique features are not broadly distributed across the genus. In addition, pathways involved in the metabolism of salicylate and catechol, phenyl acetate degradation, and DNA repair were also identified in this organism but not in most closely related organisms.<h4>Conclusion</h4>The genome of Sphingobium sp. strain AEW4 contains a number of distinctive features that are crucial to explain its role as a plant-growth promoting rhizobacterium, and comparative genomics analyses support its classification as a relevant Sphingobium strain involved in plant growth promotion of beachgrass and other plants.
Project description:Nickel is an essential component of many eukaryotic and prokaryotic metallo-enzymes. Due to its employment in many industrial applications, wastewaters from industrial plants often contain millimolar concentrations of Ni2+ that are toxic and life-threatening for many organism. Several lines of preliminary evidence suggest that members of the genus Sphingobium are able to grow in the presence of high concentrations of metal ions. We have isolated a novel Sphingobium strain (sp. ba1) able to grow in the presence of high concentrations (up to 20 mM) of NiCl2. Sequencing of its genome allowed the identification of several genes coding for proteins potentially involved in efflux-mediated resistance mechanisms. Here we use the RNA-seq approach to analyze the response of the Sphingobium sp. ba1 strain to high concentrations (10 mM) of Ni ions. Transcriptomic data show the differential expression of about one-hundred and twenty genes, most of which are up-regulated and encode proteins such as membrane proteins and components of metal efflux systems, enzymes involved in oxidative stress responses (catalases, peroxidases) and signal transduction systems.
Project description:Sphingobium sp. strain HAL-16, which was isolated from Antarctic soil samples, synthesizes a yellow pigment. The complete genome consists of a single circular chromosome (4,372,398?bp, with a G+C content of 62.7%) and a single circular plasmid (57,025?bp, with a G+C content of 59.4%). Five genes encoding carotenogenic enzymes were identified, suggesting that the yellow pigment is a hydroxy/keto-?-carotene.
Project description:Branched nonylphenol (BNP), a degradation product of nonylphenol polyethoxylates, exerts estrogenic effects on various organisms. The genes underlying BNP degradation by Sphingobium amiense DSM 16289<sup>T</sup> were analyzed by complete genome sequencing and compared with those of the versatile BNP-degrading Sphingobium cloacae JCM 10874<sup>T</sup>. An opdA homolog (opdA<sub>DSM16289</sub>) encoding BNP degradation activity was identified in DSM 16289<sup>T</sup>, in contrast with JCM 10874<sup>T</sup>, possessing both the opdA homolog and nmoA. The degradation profile of different BNP isomers was examined by Escherichia coli transformants harboring opdA<sub>DSM16289</sub>, opdA<sub>JCM10874</sub>, and nmoA<sub>JCM10874</sub> to characterize and compare the expression activities of these genes.