Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE31815: ccpA mutant compared to D39 wild-type in Streptococcus pneumoniae in CDM + Glucose at MID-log growth phase GSE31816: ccpA mutant compared to D39 wild-type in Streptococcus pneumoniae in CDM + GLucose at transition-phase of growth (TS) GSE31817: ccpA mutant compared to D39 wild-type in Streptococcus pneumoniae in CDM + Galactose at MID-log growth phase GSE31818: ccpA mutant compared to D39 wild-type in Streptococcus pneumoniae in CDM + galactose at transition-phase of growth (TS) Refer to individual Series
Project description:Galactose promotes pneumococcal biofilms in vivo 15 mRNA profiles of Streptococcus pneumoniae samples that were grown under different conditions were generated using deep sequencing.
Project description:Galactose promotes pneumococcal biofilms in vivo Overall design: 15 mRNA profiles of Streptococcus pneumoniae samples that were grown under different conditions were generated using deep sequencing.
Project description:Diagnostic primer extension assay to serotype Streptococcus pneumoniae. Assay validation. Background: Monitoring of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype epidemiology is essential since serotype replacement is a concern when introducing new polysaccharide-conjugate vaccines. To simplify S. pneumoniae serotyping, a novel PCR-based automated microarray assay was developed to assist in the tracking of the serotypes. Results: Autolysin (lytA), pneumolysin (ply) and eight genes located in the capsular operon (cps) were amplified using multiplex PCR. This step was followed by a tagged fluorescent primer extension step targeting serotype-specific polymorphisms. The tagged primers were then hybridized to a microarray. Results were exported to an expert system that transforms genetic typing data into capsular serotype identification. The assay was validated on 166 cultured S. pneumoniae samples from 63 different serotypes as determined by the Quellung method. In addition, the assay was tested on clinical specimens including 43 cerebrospinal fluid samples from patients with meningitidis and 59 nasopharyngeal aspirates from bacterial pneumonia patients. The assay presented with no cross-reactivity for 24 relevant bacterial species found in these types of samples. The limit of detection for serotyping and S. pneumoniae detection was 100 genome equivalent per reaction. Conclusion: This automated assay is amenable to clinical testing and does not require any culturing of the samples. The assay will be useful for the evaluation of serotype prevalence changes after new conjugate vaccines introduction. 166 quellung serotyped strains and two negative controls
Project description:Genome-wide screens have discovered a large set of essential genes in the human pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae. However, the function of many essential genes is still unknown, hampering vaccine and drug development programs. Based on results from transposon-sequencing (Tn-Seq), we refined the list of essential genes in S. pneumoniae serotype 2 strain D39. Next, we created a knockdown library targeting all 391 potentially essential genes using CRISPR interference (CRISPRi). Using high-content microscopy screening, we searched for essential genes of unknown function with clear phenotypes in cell morphology upon CRISPRi-based depletion. We identified SPD1416 and SPD1417 (named to MurT and GatD, respectively) as essential peptidoglycan synthesis proteins and we show that SPD1198 and SPD1197 (named to TarP and TarQ, respectively) are responsible for the polymerization of teichoic acid (TA) precursors. This knowledge enabled us to reconstruct the unique pneumococcal TA biosynthetic pathway. Our CRISPRi library provides a valuable tool for characterization of pneumococcal genes and pathways and revealed several promising antibiotic targets. This RNA-Seq dataset is aimed to show that induction of the CRISPRi system very selectively represses its target gene, firefly luciferase, without other observable transcriptional effects. Overall design: Pairwise comparison of control and IPTG-induced cells (RNA-seq), analyzing the effect of CRISPRi activation on the transcriptome of Streptococcus pneumoniae. It was performed with deep sequencing, using an Illumina HiSeq 2000 machine with 51 nt single-end reads. Samples were analysed from duplicate samples. To separate CRISPRi-specific effects from general IPTG-induced effects, we compared the uninduced strains with IPTG-induced strains that either did or did not contain the single-guide RNA.
Project description:RNA sequencing was used to explore the expression of all genes in Streptococcus pneumoniae under heat stress. The pneumococcal strain 2/2 was grown in broth culture under control (37°C) and high temperature (40°C) conditions. 2/2 culture samples were taken at sequential time points and RNA was extracted and sequenced. Overall design: Streptococcus pneumoniae isolate 2/2 was cultured in seven 10 ml tubes of brain-heart infusion broth and incubated at 40°C + 5% CO2 for 6 h to mimic heat shock. The experimental control was the same isolate 2/2, also cultured in seven 10 ml tubes of brain-heart infusion broth but incubated at standard conditions of 37°C + 5% CO2. Broth cultures at five time points (2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 h of incubation) were removed and 19 ml of RNAprotect Bacteria Reagent (Qiagen) was added to stabilise the RNA. RNA was extracted from the samples using the Promega Maxwell® 16 Instrument and LEV simplyRNA Cells purification kit, following the manufacturer’s protocol. Extracted RNA samples were sent to the Oxford Genomics Centre for processing. Library preps were made using RNA-Seq Ribozero kits (Illumina, Inc) and sequencing was performed on the MiSeq (Illumina, Inc). The sequenced forward and reverse reads were paired and mapped to the S. pneumoniae strain 2/2 genome using Bowtie2 with the highest sensitivity option. Differential gene expression was analysed in Geneious version 9.1 (Biomatters Ltd) using the DESeq method. Genes with an adjusted p value <0.05 were considered to be differentially expressed.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE33033: ahrC mutant compared to D39 wild-type in Streptococcus pneumoniae in CDM + 10 mM arginine GSE33034: argR1 mutant compared to D39 wild-type in Streptococcus pneumoniae in CDM + 10 mM arginine GSE33035: argR1-ahrC mutant compared to D39 wild-type in Streptococcus pneumoniae in CDM + 10 mM arginine GSE33036: Streptococcus pneumoniae D39 wild-type grown in CDM+10 mM arginine compared to D39 wild type grown in CDM + 0.05 mM arginine Refer to individual Series
Project description:Streptococcus (S.) pneumoniae is the most frequently isolated causative pathogen community-acquired pneumonia, a leading cause of mortality worldwide. We investigated the role of the inflammasome sensor NLRP3 and the inflammasome adapter ASC during S. pneumoniae pneumonia. Detailed analysis of the early inflammatory response in the lung by whole genome transcriptional profiling, we identified several mediators that were differentially expressed between Nlrp3-/- and Asc-/ - mice. WT, Nlrp3- and Asc-deficient mice were intranasally inocculated with Streptococcus pneumoniae D39 and ATCC6303 both at high and low dose. Lung homogenates were harvested and gene expression profiling was performed.
Project description:Using RNA sequencing to map differentially expressed genes in human brain microvascular endothelial cells challenged with Streptococcus pneumoniae or its ligand Adhesion lipoprotein.