Project description:EORTC 10994 is a phase III clinical trial comparing FEC with ET in patients with large operable, locally advanced or inflammatory breast cancer (www.eortc.be). Frozen biopsies were taken at randomisation. RNA was extracted from 100um thickness of 14G core needle biopsies. Adjacent sections were tested by H&E to confirm >20% tumour cell content. 100 ng total RNA per chip were amplified using the Affymetrix small sample protocol (IVT then Enzo). 49 tumours were tested on Affymetrix U133A chips. The CEL files were quantile normalised together using rma. Clinical response data are not available yet. Keywords = Apocrine carcinoma Keywords = breast cancer
Project description:We have used Illumina Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip array profiling to profile paediatric high grade gliomas within the HERBY clinical trial. The HERBY trial was a phase-II open-label, randomised, multicentre trial evaluating bevacizumab in patients with newly-diagnosed non-brainstem HGG between the ages of 3-18yrs. The 450K methylation array was used to separate brain tumour samples on the basis of their methylation profiles which represent the cell of origin the time and place in which tumours arise. Methylation arrays provide data for an integrated molecular diagnosis of brain tumours and define specific molecular subgroups and subtypes of high grade gliomas carrying distinct driver mutations and patterns of somatic alterations.
Project description:The overall aim was to investigate the effects of low and high dose vitamin D supplementation on genome-wide gene expression and how this is modulated by genetic variation. We adopted a functional genomics approach to analyse study participants in the BEST-D clinical trial (placebo, low dose or high dose supplementation over a 12-month treatment period).
Project description:Resveratrol treatment has shown beneficial effects on experimental models of non-alcoholic liver disease (NAFLD). In this pilot-size, clinical trial we teated the therapeutic potential in NAFLD patients. We found only limited clinical effect of resveratrol treatment. Overall design: Prospective, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial with two treatment arms: resveratrol 1.5 g daily (RSV) or placebo (Plc) for 6 months. Participants had baseline and end-of-trial biopsies performed.
Project description:The NEWEST (Neoadjuvant Endocrine Therapy for Women with Estrogen-Sensitive Tumours) trial compared the clinical and biological activity of fulvestrant 500 mg vs 250 mg in the neoadjuvant setting. In this multi-centre phase II study, post-menopausal women with operable, locally advanced (T2, 3, 4b; N0-3; M0) ER-positive breast tumours were randomised to receive neoadjuvant treatment with either dose of fulvestrant for 16 weeks before surgery. Tumour core biopsies were obtained at baseline, 4 weeks and at surgery for assessment of changes in biomarker expression. Tumour volumes were measured by 3-D ultrasound at the same timepoints. In this trial, the percentage of patients who showed a reduction in tumour volume or stabilisation of disease (using RECIST criteria) after treatment with fulvestrant 500 mg was 36% (26 out of 69 patients). Therefore, within a population of endocrine-therapy naive patients whose tumours were confirmed as being ER-positive at the time of study entry, there is a subgroup who gained particular clinical benefit from fulvestrant treatment. These clinical response data together with the availability of biological response information and frozen tumour tissue from participants makes the NEWEST trial an attractive setting in which to investigate the potential of new markers of response to fulvestrant. 42 samples
Project description:We evaluated whether targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) using the Ion Torrent Personal Genome Sequencer of cfDNA could identify prognostic or predictive factors for overall survival (OS) or progression free survival (PFS) within a large cohort of patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma enrolled in the GALAXY-1 trial.