Project description:The draft genome sequence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa LMG 1272, isolated from mushroom, is reported here. This strain triggers formation of a precipitate ("white line") when cocultured with Pseudomonas tolaasii However, LMG 1272 lacks the capacity to produce a cyclic lipopeptide that is typically associated with white line formation, suggesting the involvement of a different diffusible factor.
Project description:Pseudomonas azotoformans is a Gram-negative bacterium and infects cereal grains, especially rice. P. azotoformans S4 from soil sample derived from Lijiang, Yunnan Province, China, appeared to be strong inhibitory activity against Fusarium fujikurio, a serious rice fungal pathogen. Here, we present the complete genome of P. azotoformans S4, which consists of 6,859,618bp with a circle chromosome, 5991 coding DNA sequences, 70 tRNA and 19 rRNA. The genomic analysis revealed that 9 candidate gene clusters are involved in the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites.
Project description:The study describes the finding of an abnormal blue-tinged color found on rabbit carcasses in the refrigeration cell of two butcher shops in Apulia Region. The carcasses were from an industrial rabbitry for production of meat with a regularly authorized slaughterhouse. Pseudomonas azotoformans, a microorganism included in Pseudomonas fluorescens group, was isolated from samples collected by the altered carcasses, showing the growth of uniform bacterial colonies with fluorescent pigmentation. The bacterium was also isolated from an additional water sample and from the labelling gun collected in the slaughterhouse, whilst the knives used for slaughtering resulted negative. Chromatic alteration was experimentally reproduced on new carcasses using a 108 cfu/mL bacterial suspension prepared with the isolated strain. Due to their resistance characteristics, members of P. fluorescens group are very difficult to eradicate once introduced into the production environment. Therefore, their presence, even if not considered a public health problem, should be monitored by food industry operators in self-control plans.
Project description:We report the 4.94-Mb genome sequence of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. punicae strain LMG 859, the causal agent of bacterial leaf blight disease in pomegranate. The draft genome will aid in comparative genomics, epidemiological studies, and quarantine of this devastating phytopathogen.
Project description:Burkholderia mimosarum strain LMG 23256(T) is an aerobic, motile, Gram-negative, non-spore-forming rod that can exist as a soil saprophyte or as a legume microsymbiont of Mimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant). LMG 23256(T) was isolated from a nodule recovered from the roots of the M. pigra growing in Anso, Taiwan. LMG 23256(T) is highly effective at fixing nitrogen with M. pigra. Here we describe the features of B. mimosarum strain LMG 23256(T), together with genome sequence information and its annotation. The 8,410,967 bp high-quality-draft genome is arranged into 268 scaffolds of 270 contigs containing 7,800 protein-coding genes and 85 RNA-only encoding genes, and is one of 100 rhizobial genomes sequenced as part of the DOE Joint Genome Institute 2010 Genomic Encyclopedia for Bacteria and Archaea-Root Nodule Bacteria (GEBA-RNB) project.
Project description:We report the 5.1-Mb genome sequence of Xanthomonas citri pv. mangiferaeindicae strain LMG 941, the causal agent of bacterial black spot in mango. Apart from evolutionary studies, the draft genome will be a valuable resource for the epidemiological studies and quarantine of this phytopathogen.
Project description:In this study, the mineral-weathering bacterium Pseudomonas azotoformans F77, which was isolated from the soil of a debris flow area, was evaluated for its weathering activity under direct contact with biotite or without contact. Then, biotite-weathering behaviors of strain F77, mutants that had been created by deleting the gcd and adh genes (which are involved in gluconic acid metabolism and pilus formation, respectively), and the double mutant F77?gcd?adh were compared. The relative gene expression levels of F77 and its mutants F77?gcd and F77?adh were also analyzed in the presence of biotite. Direct contact with biotite increased Fe and Al release from the mineral in the presence of F77. All strains had similar abilities to release Fe and Al from the mineral except for F77?gcd and F77?adh Mobilized Fe and Al concentrations were decreased by up to 72, 26, and 87% in the presence of F77?gcd, F77?adh, and F77?gcd?adh, respectively, compared to levels observed in the presence of F77 during the mineral-weathering process. Gluconic acid production was decreased for F77?gcd and F77?gcd?adh, while decreased cell attachment on the mineral surface was observed for F77?adh, compared to findings for F77. The F77 genes involved in pilus formation and gluconic acid metabolism showed increased expression levels in the presence of biotite. The results of this study showed important roles for the genes involved in gluconic acid metabolism and pilus formation in mineral weathering by F77 and demonstrated the distinctive effect of these genes on mineral weathering by F77.IMPORTANCE Bacteria play important roles in mineral weathering and soil formation, although the molecular mechanisms underlying the interactions between bacteria and silicate minerals are poorly understood. In this study, the interactions between biotite and the highly effective mineral-weathering bacterium P. azotoformans F77 were characterized. Our results showed that the genes involved in gluconic acid metabolism and pilus formation play important roles in mineral weathering by F77. The presence of biotite could promote the expression of these genes in F77, and a distinctive effect of these genes on mineral weathering by F77 was observed in this study. Our results provide new knowledge and promote better understanding regarding the interaction between silicate minerals and mineral-weathering bacteria, as well as the molecular mechanisms involved in these processes.