Project description:Zhou2015 - Circadian clock with immune
Arabidopsis clock model modified from
P2012 (Pokhilko et al., 2013 -
model to include the master immune regulator NPR1 coupling to LHY,
TOC1 and PRR7.
Triggers: The Global Quantities contain triggers that allow
one to change coupling settings, Salicyclic acid (SA) treatment and
LHY_on: true->NPR1 couples to LHY
PRR7_on: true->NPR1 couples to PRR7
WT: true->WT plants, false->npr1 mutant plants
SA: true->SA treated plants, false->no treatment
This model has L=1, i.e. operates only under constant light
conditions and is not aiming to make preditions under diurnal
conditions. Due to period overshoot only time points after 28h are
This model is described in the article:
Redox rhythm reinforces the
circadian clock to gate immune response.
Zhou M, Wang W, Karapetyan S, Mwimba
M, Marqués J, Buchler NE, Dong X.
Nature 2015 Jun;
Recent studies have shown that in addition to the
transcriptional circadian clock, many organisms, including
Arabidopsis, have a circadian redox rhythm driven by the
organism's metabolic activities. It has been hypothesized that
the redox rhythm is linked to the circadian clock, but the
mechanism and the biological significance of this link have
only begun to be investigated. Here we report that the master
immune regulator NPR1 (non-expressor of pathogenesis-related
gene 1) of Arabidopsis is a sensor of the plant's redox state
and regulates transcription of core circadian clock genes even
in the absence of pathogen challenge. Surprisingly, acute
perturbation in the redox status triggered by the immune signal
salicylic acid does not compromise the circadian clock but
rather leads to its reinforcement. Mathematical modelling and
subsequent experiments show that NPR1 reinforces the circadian
clock without changing the period by regulating both the
morning and the evening clock genes. This balanced network
architecture helps plants gate their immune responses towards
the morning and minimize costs on growth at night. Our study
demonstrates how a sensitive redox rhythm interacts with a
robust circadian clock to ensure proper responsiveness to
environmental stimuli without compromising fitness of the
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Project description:Study on differential gene expression and splicing between wildtype and clock mutants. This study is part of a comparative analysis of the role of Protein Methyltransferase 5 in the regulation of transcriptional and post-transcriptional processes simultaneously in Arabidopsis and Drosophila. Circadian rhythms allow organisms to time biological processes to the most appropriate phases of the day/night cycle1. Post-transcriptional regulation is emerging as an important component of circadian networks2-6, but the molecular mechanisms linking the circadian clock to the control of RNA processing are largely unknown. Here we show that Protein Arginine Methyl Transferase 5 (PRMT5), which transfers methyl groups to arginine residues present in histones7 and Sm spliceosomal proteins8,9, links the circadian clock to the control of alternative splicing in plants. Mutations in prmt5impair multiple circadian rhythms in Arabidopsis thaliana and this phenotype is caused, at least in part, by a strong alteration in alternative splicing of the core-clock gene PSEUDO RESPONSE REGULATOR 9 (PRR9). Furthermore, genome wide studies show that PRMT5 contributes to regulate many pre-mRNA splicing events most likely modulating 5´splice site (5´ss) recognition. PRMT5 expression shows daily and circadian oscillations, and this contributes to mediate the circadian regulation of expression and alternative splicing of a subset of genes. Circadian rhythms in locomotor activity are also disrupted in dart5, a mutant affected in the Drosophila melanogaster PRMT5 homolog, and this is associated with alterations in splicing of the core-clock gene period (per) and several clock associated genes. Our results reveal a key role for PRMT5 in the regulation of alternative splicing and indicate that the interplay between the circadian clock and the regulation of alternative splicing by PRMT5 constitutes a common mechanism that helps organisms to synchronize physiological processes with daily changes in environmental conditions. Overall design: Each genotype has three replicates, Single channel. Two species, each with wildtype and mutant. For the gene expression Samples (GSM586328-33): Wild type (WT) plants and prmt5-5 mutant plants were grown under continuous white light for three weeks, at 22 degrees centigrades. Total RNA extracted from aerial tissue was used for microarray analysis.
Project description:Plants trigger leaf senescence to relocate energy and nutrients from aging leaves to developing tissues or storage organs to optimize the growth and reproduction under limited nutrients and energy conditions. Jasmonate signaling is one of the major endogenous hormone signals to induced leaf senescence in Arabidopsis. However, whether circadian clock will gate Jasmonate signaling to induce leaf senescence and the underlying precise mechanism is unclear. Here we find that the Evening Complex (EC) of core oscillator closely regulates leaf senescence. To identify the underlying mechanism of EC regulating leaf senescence, we conducted RNA-sequencing. Transcriptomic data reveals Evening complex extensively involves into JA signal transduction and responses. Moreover, the mutants of ELF3, ELF4 and LUX universly display the accelerated JA-induced leaf senescence phenotype, while their overexpression lines act reversely. In accordance with the transcript levels of JA immediate early induced JA-responsive gene MYC2 are up-regulated in lux mutants. Futhermore we demonstrated LUX can bind to to the promoter of MYC2 in vivo to represses its transcription. In addition, the accelerated JA-induced leaf senescence in mutants of evening complex can be overturned by myc2, myc3 and myc4 mutants redundantly. Collectively, our findings demonstrated the underlying molecular basis for circadian clock gating jasmonate signaling to induce leaf senescence through the module of evening complex to directly repressing MYC2 transcription. This novel established molecular module also refines complicated nodes between circadian clock and jasmonate signal in Arabidopsis. Overall design: We analyzed the transcriptomic profile of Col-0 and lux-6 mutant using 10-day-old seedlings, as evening complex negatively regulates leaf senescence through its transcription repressive activity. Two biological replicates were performed with the tissues harvesting at ZT12, the peak expression time of evening complex components.
Project description:The plant circadian clock exerts a critical role in the regulation of multiple biological processes including responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. It is estimated that the clock regulates up to 80% of the transcriptome in Arabidopsis, thus understanding the molecular mechanisms that control this rhythmic transcriptome requires identification of the targets of each clock component. The Arabidopsis core clock is partially comprised of a transcriptional regulatory loop between the MYB domain containing transcription factors CIRCADIAN CLOCK ASSOCIATED1 (CCA1) and LATE ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL (LHY), and TIMING OF CAB EXPRESSION1 (TOC1). As a key component of the clock, CCA1 is able to initiate and set the phase of clock-controlled rhythms. CCA1 regulates the transcription of several genes by directly binding to the evening element (EE) motif primarily found in the promoters of evening expressed genes. Using a genome-wide approach we have identified direct targets of CCA1 in plants grown in constant (LL) and driven conditions (LD). These CCA1 targets are enriched for a myriad of biological processes and stress responses. While many of these target genes are evening phased and contain the EE in their promoter regions, a significant subset is morning phased and lack an EE. Furthermore, several CCA1 targets do not cycle in either LL or LD or both. Expression analysis in CCA1 overexpressing plants confirms CCA1 regulation of analyzed targets. Our results emphasize an expanded role for the circadian clock in regulation of key pathways in Arabidopsis, and provide a comprehensive and solid resource for future functional studies. ChIP-Seq of CCA1-GFP plants under control of the CCA1 promoter in continuous light and diel conditions
Project description:We used the recently developed Excision Repair-sequencing (XR-seq) method to study genome-wide repair of UV-induced DNA damage in Arabidopsis. We found that the repair of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers for a large fraction of the genome is controlled by the joint actions of the circadian clock and transcription by RNA polymerase II. Arabidopsis has a relatively compact genome, and a large fraction of the genes are controlled by the circadian clock. Our data on the interface of these two global regulatory systems reveal very strong repair preference of the transcribed strands of Arabidopsis genes, 10 to 30% of which are circadian time-dependent. Thus, throughout the day, Arabidopsis exhibits enormous dynamic range in repair to cope with exposure to sunlight. Overall design: Examination of excision repair throughout the circadian cycle with 2 experiments each of which having 8 samples collected at ZT2, ZT5, ZT8, ZT11, ZT14, ZT17, ZT20, ZT23