Project description:Liao2011 - Genome-scale metabolic
reconstruction of Klebsiella pneumoniae (iYL1228)
This model is described in the article:
An experimentally validated
genome-scale metabolic reconstruction of Klebsiella pneumoniae
MGH 78578, iYL1228.
Liao YC, Huang TW, Chen FC,
Charusanti P, Hong JS, Chang HY, Tsai SF, Palsson BO, Hsiung
J. Bacteriol. 2011 Apr; 193(7):
Klebsiella pneumoniae is a Gram-negative bacterium of the
family Enterobacteriaceae that possesses diverse metabolic
capabilities: many strains are leading causes of
hospital-acquired infections that are often refractory to
multiple antibiotics, yet other strains are metabolically
engineered and used for production of commercially valuable
chemicals. To study its metabolism, we constructed a
genome-scale metabolic model (iYL1228) for strain MGH 78578,
experimentally determined its biomass composition,
experimentally determined its ability to grow on a broad range
of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur sources, and
assessed the ability of the model to accurately simulate growth
versus no growth on these substrates. The model contains 1,228
genes encoding 1,188 enzymes that catalyze 1,970 reactions and
accurately simulates growth on 84% of the substrates tested.
Furthermore, quantitative comparison of growth rates between
the model and experimental data for nine of the substrates also
showed good agreement. The genome-scale metabolic
reconstruction for K. pneumoniae presented here thus provides
an experimentally validated in silico platform for further
studies of this important industrial and biomedical
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Project description:To investigate the whole-genome gene expression difference between the wild-type and capsule deletion mutant in Klebsiella pneumoniae MGH 78578. The mutants analyzed in this study are further described in Huang T.W., Stapleton J.C., Chang H.Y., Tsai S.F., Palsson B.O., Charusanti P. Capsule removal via lambda-Red knockout system perturbs biofilm formation and fimbriae extression in Klesiella pneumoniae MGH 78578 (manuscript submission) A six chip study using total RNA recovered from three separate wild-type cultures and three separate cultures of a capsule deltion mutant of Klebsiella pneumoniae MGH 78578. The capsule gene cluster (KPN_02493 to KPN_02515) was entirely removed in the capsule deletion mutant. Each chip measures the expression level of 5,305 genes from Klebsiella pneumoniae MGH 78578 and the associated five plasmids (pKPN3, pKPN4, pKPN5, pKPN6 and pKPN7) with 50-mer oligo tiling array with 30-mer spacer.
Project description:Elucidating the RamA Regulon in Klebsiella pneumoniae and the transcriptome profiles of multidrug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae Overall design: various strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae
Project description:The exchange of mobile genomic islands (MGIs) between microorganisms is often mediated by phages. As a consequence, not only phage genes are transferred, but also genes that have no particular function in the phage's lysogenic cycle. If they provide benefits to the phage's host, such genes are referred to as ‘morons’. The present study was aimed at characterizing a set of Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli isolates with exceptional antibiotic resistance phenotypes from patients in a neonatal ward. Unexpectedly, these analyses unveiled the existence of a novel family of closely related MGIs in Enterobacteriaceae. The respective MGI from E. cloacae was named MIR17-GI. Importantly, our observations show that MIR17-GI-like MGIs harbor genes associated with high-level resistance to cephalosporins. Further, we show that MIR17-GI-like islands are associated with integrated P4-like prophages. This implicates phages in the spread of cephalosporin resistance amongst Enterobacteriaceae. The discovery of a novel family of MGIs spreading ‘cephalosporinase morons’ is of high clinical relevance, because high-level cephalosporin resistance has serious implications for the treatment of patients with Enterobacteriaceal infections.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE35746: Comparative analysis of regulatory elements between Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae by genome-wide transcription start site profiling [tiling arrays] GSE35821: Comparative analysis of regulatory elements between Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae by genome-wide transcription start site profiling [TSS-Seq] Refer to individual Series
Project description:Genome-wide gene expression analysis was performed with the cells in exponential and stationary growth phases. Through these two growth status, 89.6% of currently annotated genes were expressed. High-density oligonucleotide tiling arrays consisting of 379,528 50-mer probes spaced 30 bp apart across the whole Klebsiella pneumoniae MGH 78578 genome was used (Roche NimbleGen).
Project description:Investigation of whole genome gene expression level in Klebsiella pneumoniae MGH78578 grown up to mid-exponential phase in M9 minimal media supplemented with 0.2% glucose A two chip study using total RNA recovered from MGH78578 grown up to OD600nm 0.5 (mid-exponential phase) in M9 minimal media supplemented with 0.2% glucose. The high-density oligonucleotide tiling arrays used were consisted of 392,778 oligonucleotide probes spaced 30 bp apart (20-bp overlap between two probes) across the K. pneumoniae main genome and plasmids.
Project description:Total RNA isolated from mid log grown cultures of K.pneumoniae and mutant strain in three independent times.Expression profile of K.pneumoniae and its RND muatant was compared. Overall design: Agilent one-color experiment,Organism: Klebsiella pneumoniae ,Agilent Custom Klebsiella pneumoniae 8x15k Microarray designed by Genotypic Technology Private Limited (AMADID: 079362)
Project description:Total RNA isolated from mid log grown cultures of K.pneumoniae and mutant strain in three independent times.Expression profile of K.pneumoniae and its pk muatant was compared. Overall design: Agilent one-color experiment,Organism: Klebsiella pneumoniae ,Agilent Custom Klebsiella pneumoniae 8x15k Microarray designed by Genotypic Technology Private Limited (AMADID: 079362)
Project description:Efflux of antimicrobial compounds from bacterial cells is one of the important mechanisms responsible for multi-drug resistance (MDR). Inhibiting the activity of efflux pumps using chemosensitizers like 1-(1-naphthylmethyl)-piperazine (NMP) is currently considered as a promising strategy to overcome MDR. However, additional effects of NMP other than inhibition are rarely if ever considered. Here, using phenotypic, phenotypic microarray and transcriptomic assays we show that NMP plays a role in membrane destabilization in MDR Klebsiella pneumoniae MGH 78578 strain. The observation of membrane destabilization was supported by RNA-seq data which showed that many up-regulated genes were either directly involved in responses to envelope stress or bacterial repair systems which are essential to maintain viability in an environment containing NMP. Membrane destabilization happens as early as 15 minutes post-NMP treatment. We postulate that the early membrane disruption leads to destabilization of inner membrane potential, impairing ATP production and consequently resulting in efflux pump inhibition. Overall design: β-Lactamase activity, membrane potential and Transmission Electron Microscopy assays were used to assay the NMP mediated membrane destabilisation in MDR Klebsiella pneumoniae MGH 78578 strain. We further used the Phenotypic Microarray (Biolog) and RNA-seq to elucidate the transcriptional and metabolic signals. Crystal violet-based assays were also used to assay the biofilm formation ability of NMP treated bacterial cells.