We report here paired isogenic Burkholderia pseudomallei genomes obtained from three patients receiving intravenous meropenem for melioidosis treatment, with post-meropenem isolates developing decreased susceptibility. Two genomes were finished, and four were drafted to improved high-quality standard. These genomes will be used to identify meropenem resistance mechanisms in B. pseudomallei. ...[more]
Project description:Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of melioidosis a disease endemic in South-East Asia and Northern Australia. The mortality rates in these areas are unacceptably high even with antibiotic treatment, attributed to intrinsic and acquired resistance of B. pseudomallei to antibiotics. With very few options for therapeutics there is an urgent requirement to identify anti-bacterial targets for the development of novel, effective treatments. In this study we examine the role and effect of ppiB on the proteome. Using LFQ analysis we show loss of ppiB has dramatic effect on the Burkholderia pseudomallei proteome.
Project description:Bacterial transcriptomes are dynamic, context-specific and condition-dependent. Infection by the soil bacterium, Burkholderia pseudomallei, causes melioidosis, an often fatal infectious disease of humans and animals. Possessing a large multi-chromosomal genome, B. pseudomallei is able to persist and survive in a multitude of environments. To obtain a comprehensive overview of B. pseudomallei expressed transcripts, we initiated whole-genome transcriptome profiling covering a broad spectrum of conditions and exposures – a so-called “condition compendium”. Using the compendium, we confirmed many previously-annotated genes and operons, and also identified hundreds of novel transcripts including anti-sense transcripts and non-coding RNAs. By systematically examining genes exhibiting highly similar expression patterns, we ascribed putative functions to previously uncharacterized genes, and identified novel regulatory elements controlling these expression patterns. We also used the compendium to elucidate candidate virulence pathways associated with quorum-sensing and infection in mice. Our study showcases the power of a B. pseudomallei condition compendium as a valuable resource for understanding microbial physiology and the pathogenesis of melioidosis. The transcriptome profiles of Bp exposed to 82 conditions were captured using a custom-designed tiling microarray and compiled into a compendium revealing novel genomic features and co-expression network.
Project description:Gene expression profiles of human cell (THP-1) lines exposed to a novel Daboiatoxin (DbTx) isolated from Daboia russelli russelli, and specific cytokines and inflammatory pathways involved in acute infection caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei. Keywords: Melioidosis, Burkholderia pseudomallei, Daboiatoxin, Cytokines, Inflammation. Overall design: 1. Group I:- Human monocytic macrophage (THP-1) cell lines grown in the culture medium without any bacterial infection served as untreated control group (Three Biological Replicates). 2. Group II:- THP-1 cells were infected with Burkholderia pseudomallei (A600 nm = OD 0.6, ~5 x 107 cfu/ml) for 24h served as a disease control group (Three Biological Replicates). 3. Group III:- THP-1 cells were infected with B. pseudomallei and treated with Daboiatoxin (0.5 mM) isolated from Daboia russelli russelli venom served as a treatment group (Three Biological Replicates). 4. Group IV:- THP-1 cells were infected with B. pseudomallei (A600 nm = OD 0.6, ~5 x 107 cfu/ml) treated with standard antimicrobial drug ceftazidime (10mg/ml) served as a drug control (Three Biological Replicates). 5. Group V:- THP-1 cells were exposed to Daboiatoxin (0.5 mM) without bacterial infection (Three Biological Replicates).
Project description:Array-CGH analysis and Burkholderia pseudomallei isolates pre and post ceftazidime relapse. Overall design: Genomic DNA from both the parental strains and variant strains were labeled with Cy3 or Cy5 fluorescent dyes and hybridized onto a customized microarray with probes designed from the reference Bp K96243 genome. Log2 signal ratios of parental strain over the variant strains were then computed after normalization to find genomic loss or gain in the variant strains.