Project description:Bioconversion of C1 chemicals such as methane and methanol into higher carbon-chain chemicals has been widely studied. Methanol oxidation catalyzed by methanol dehydrogenase (Mdh) is one of the key steps in methanol utilization in bacterial methylotrophy. In bacteria, few NAD+-dependent Mdhs have been reported that convert methanol to formaldehyde. In this study, an uncharacterized Mdh gene from Lysinibacillus xylanilyticus (Lxmdh) was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The maximum alcohol oxidation activity of the recombinant enzyme was observed at pH 9.5 and 55°C in the presence of 10 mM Mg2+. To improve oxidation activity, rational approach-based, site-directed mutagenesis of 16 residues in the putative active site and NAD+-binding region was performed. The mutations S101V, T141S, and A164F improved the enzyme's specific activity toward methanol compared to that of the wild-type enzyme. These mutants show a slightly higher turnover rate than that of wild-type, although their K M values were increased compared to that of wild-type. Consequently, according the kinetic results, S101, T141, and A164 positions may related to the catalytic activity in the active site for methanol dehydrogenation. It should be further studied other mutant variants with high activity for methanol. In conclusion, we characterized a new Lxmdh and its variants that may be potentially useful for the development of synthetic methylotrophy in the future.
Project description:Chitinases possess an extraordinary ability to directly hydrolyze highly insoluble chitin polymers to low-molecular-weight chito-oligomers, which possess particular biological functions, such as elicitor action and antitumor activity. A novel strain, Paenibacillus xylanilyticus W4, which was isolated from soil, showed strong chitin degradation activity. Here, we first reported the complete genome information of P. xylanilyticus. Paenibacillus xylanilyticus W4 contains a 5,532,141?bp single circular chromosome with 47.33% GC content. The genome contains 5,996 genes, including 39 rRNA- and 109 tRNA-coding genes. Phylogenetic analysis and Genome-to-Genome Distance revealed its taxonomic characterization into a separate family. Six glycoside hydrolase 18 (GH18) and 2 GH23 enzymes involved in chitin degradation. Although many of the chitinases were conserved in Paenibacillus, several GH18 chitinases share high similarity with Bacillus circulans. The genome information provided here could benefit for understanding the chitin-degrading properties of P. xylanilyticus as well as its potential application in biotechnological and pharmaceutical fields.
Project description:In this study, two strains of Aspergillus sp. and Lysinibacillus sp. with remarkable abilities to degrade low-density polyethylene (LDPE) were isolated from landfill soils in Tehran using enrichment culture and screening procedures. The biodegradation process was performed for 126 days in soil using UV- and non-UV-irradiated pure LDPE films without pro-oxidant additives in the presence and absence of mixed cultures of selected microorganisms. The process was monitored by measuring the microbial population, the biomass carbon, pH and respiration in the soil, and the mechanical properties of the films. The carbon dioxide measurements in the soil showed that the biodegradation in the un-inoculated treatments were slow and were about 7.6% and 8.6% of the mineralisation measured for the non-UV-irradiated and UV-irradiated LDPE, respectively, after 126 days. In contrast, in the presence of the selected microorganisms, biodegradation was much more efficient and the percentages of biodegradation were 29.5% and 15.8% for the UV-irradiated and non-UV-irradiated films, respectively. The percentage decrease in the carbonyl index was higher for the UV-irradiated LDPE when the biodegradation was performed in soil inoculated with the selected microorganisms. The percentage elongation of the films decreased during the biodegradation process. The Fourier transform infra-red (FT-IR), x-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to determine structural, morphological and surface changes on polyethylene. These analyses showed that the selected microorganisms could modify and colonise both types of polyethylene. This study also confirmed the ability of these isolates to utilise virgin polyethylene without pro-oxidant additives and oxidation pretreatment, as the carbon source.
Project description:The gene encoding an alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase from Thermobacillus xylanilyticus D3, AbfD3, was isolated. Characterization of the purified recombinant alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase produced in Escherichia coli revealed that it is highly stable with respect to both temperature (up to 90 degrees C) and pH (stable in the pH range 4 to 12). On the basis of amino acid sequence similarities, this 56, 071-Da enzyme could be assigned to family 51 of the glycosyl hydrolase classification system. However, substrate specificity analysis revealed that AbfD3, unlike the majority of F51 members, displays high activity in the presence of polysaccharides.