Project description:Here, we report the complete genome sequence of Mameliella alba strain KU6B, a bacterium newly isolated from seawater of Boso Peninsula in Japan that is capable of utilizing cyclohexylamine. The complete genome contained a 5,386,988-bp circular chromosome and three circular plasmids of 256,516, 112,434, and 76,727?bp.
Project description:Mameliella alba strain UMTAT08 was isolated from clonal culture of paralytic shellfish toxin producing dinoflagellate, Alexandrium tamiyavanichii. Genome of the strain UMTAT08 was sequenced in order to gain insights into the dinoflagellate-bacteria interactions. The draft genome sequence of strain UMTAT08 contains 5.84Mbp with an estimated G + C content of 65%, 5717 open reading frames, 5 rRNAs and 49 tRNAs. It contains genes related to nutrients uptake, quorum sensing and environmental tolerance related genes. Gene clusters for the biosynthesis of type 1 polyketide synthase, bacteriocin, microcin, terpene and ectoine were also identified. This is suggesting that the bacterium possesses diverse adaptation strategy to survive within the dinoflagellate phycosphere. The draft genome sequence and annotation have been deposited at DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank under the accession number JSUQ00000000.
Project description:Architectural proteins play key roles in genome construction and regulate the expression of many genes, albeit the modulation of genome plasticity by these proteins is largely unknown. A critical screening of the architectural proteins in five crop species, viz., Oryza sativa, Zea mays, Sorghum bicolor, Cicer arietinum, and Vitis vinifera, and in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana along with evolutionary relevant species such as Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, Physcomitrella patens, and Amborella trichopoda, revealed 9, 20, 10, 7, 7, 6, 1, 4, and 4 Alba (acetylation lowers binding affinity) genes, respectively. A phylogenetic analysis of the genes and of their counterparts in other plant species indicated evolutionary conservation and diversification. In each group, the structural components of the genes and motifs showed significant conservation. The chromosomal location of the Alba genes of rice (OsAlba), showed an unequal distribution on 8 of its 12 chromosomes. The expression profiles of the OsAlba genes indicated a distinct tissue-specific expression in the seedling, vegetative, and reproductive stages. The quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis of the OsAlba genes confirmed their stress-inducible expression under multivariate environmental conditions and phytohormone treatments. The evaluation of the regulatory elements in 68 Alba genes from the 9 species studied led to the identification of conserved motifs and overlapping microRNA (miRNA) target sites, suggesting the conservation of their function in related proteins and a divergence in their biological roles across species. The 3D structure and the prediction of putative ligands and their binding sites for OsAlba proteins offered a key insight into the structure-function relationship. These results provide a comprehensive overview of the subtle genetic diversification of the OsAlba genes, which will help in elucidating their functional role in plants.
Project description:Pollination is an important event in plant sexual reproduction, and post-pollination response is an essential process for reproduction. Populus alba?×?P. glandulosa is used widely in scientific research, especially in cross breeding as parents. Adult female P. alba?×?P. glandulosa flowers are highly compatible with pollen from male P. tomentosa, but the early post-pollination response of flowers at the molecular levels is unclear. In this study, RNA-seq was employed to comprehensively understand the response of female P. alba?×?P. glandulosa flowers to pollination. Enrichment analysis reveals that the 'plant hormone signal transduction' pathway is enhanced during pollen-pistil interaction. Moreover, genes related to auxin, gibberellin and ethylene biosynthesis were significantly up-regulated. Ca<sup>2+</sup> and H<sup>+</sup>-related genes and cell wall-related genes are interrelated, and all of them are essential for pollen tube elongation in pistil, especially, free Ca<sup>2+</sup> providing a concentration gradient for pollen tube guidance and involved in signal transduction. Furthermore, RNA-seq results indicate that genes involved in the adhesion and guidance for pollen germination and pollen tube growth are abundantly present in the extracellular matrix. Our study provides an overview and detailed information for understanding the molecular mechanism of early post-pollination response in this hybrid poplar reproduction.