Project description:A novel lytic bacteriophage, SA11, infecting Staphylococcus aureus was isolated, and the whole genome was sequenced. It belongs to the siphoviridae based on electron microscopic observation. It has a linear double-stranded DNA genome of 136,326 bp. Genomic analysis showed that it is distantly related to Staphylococcus phages A5W, K, ISP, Sb-1, and G1.
Project description:Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is a common bacterial pathogen in companion animal medicine and has demonstrated zoonotic potential. Here, we report six new Staphylococcus pseudintermedius prophage genomes of the Siphoviridae family, identified in isolates recovered from human and canine clinical specimens.
Project description:Antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is an opportunistic pathogen causing serious human infections worldwide. Here, we report the complete annotated genome of bacteriophage SA75, a member of the Siphoviridae family which could be an alternative to traditional antibiotics for treating Staphylococcus infections. We used a hybrid approach combining MinION and Illumina MiSeq sequencing, which yielded a 43,134-bp genome and 65 open reading frames.
Project description:Bacteriophages of the significant veterinary pathogen Staphylococcus pseudintermedius are rarely described morphologically and genomically in detail, and mostly include phages of the Siphoviridae family. There is currently no taxonomical classification for phages of this bacterial species. Here we describe a new phage designated vB_SpsS_QT1, which is related to phage 2638A originally described as a Staphylococcus aureus phage. Propagating strain S. aureus 2854 of the latter was reclassified by rpoB gene sequencing as S. pseudintermedius 2854 in this work. Both phages have a narrow but different host range determined on 54 strains. Morphologically, both of them belong to the family Siphoviridae, share the B1 morphotype, and differ from other staphylococcal phage genera by a single long fibre at the terminus of the tail. The complete genome of phage vB_SpsS_QT1 was sequenced with the IonTorrent platform and expertly annotated. Its linear genome with cohesive ends is 43,029 bp long and encodes 60 predicted genes with the typical modular structure of staphylococcal siphophages. A global alignment found the genomes of vB_SpsS_QT1 and 2638A to share 84% nucleotide identity, but they have no significant similarity of nucleotide sequences with other phage genomes available in public databases. Based on the morphological, phylogenetic, and genomic analyses, a novel genus Fibralongavirus in the family Siphoviridae is described with phage species vB_SpsS_QT1 and 2638A.
Project description:We report the first genome sequence of the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) strain E140, isolated from a canine bite wound infection in Denmark. This strain represents the dominant clonal lineage associated with canine MRSP infections in Europe.
Project description:Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) can cause a wide range of infections from mild to life-threatening conditions. Its enhanced antibiotic resistance often leads to therapeutic failures and therefore alternative eradication methods must be considered. Potential candidates to control MRSA infections are bacteriophages and their lytic enzymes, lysins. In this study, we isolated a bacteriophage against a nosocomial MRSA strain belonging to the ST45 epidemiologic group. The phage belonging to Caudovirales, Siphoviridae, showed a narrow host range and stable lytic activity without the emergence of resistant MRSA clones. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the newly isolated Staphylococcus phage R4 belongs to the Triavirus genus in Siphoviridae family. Genetic analysis of the 45?kb sequence of R4 revealed 69 ORFs. No remnants of mobile genetic elements and traces of truncated genes were observed. We have localized the lysin (N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase) gene of the new phage that was amplified, cloned, expressed, and purified. Its activity was verified by zymogram analysis. Our findings could potentially be used to develop specific anti-MRSA bacteriophage- and phage lysin-based therapeutic strategies against major clonal lineages and serotypes.
Project description:Coagulase activation of prothrombin by staphylococcus induces the formation of fibrin deposition that facilitates the establishment of infection by Staphylococcus species. Coagulase activity is a key characteristic of Staphylococcus pseudintermedius; however, no coagulase gene or associated protein has been studied to characterize this activity. We report a recombinant protein sharing 40% similarity to Staphylococcus aureus coagulase produced from a putative S. pseudintermedius coagulase gene. Prothrombin activation by the protein was measured with a chromogenic assay using thrombin tripeptide substrate. Stronger interaction with bovine prothrombin than with human prothrombin was observed. The S. pseudintermedius coagulase protein also bound complement C3 and immunoglobulin. Recombinant coagulase facilitated the escape of S. pseudintermedius from phagocytosis, presumably by forming a bridge between opsonizing antibody, complement, and fibrinogen. Evidence from this work suggests that S. pseudintermedius coagulase has multifunctional properties that contribute to immune evasion that likely plays an important role in virulence.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is an opportunistic pathogen that is the major cause of pyoderma affecting dogs. Conventional antimicrobial treatment for infections caused by this organism have failed in recent years due to widespread resistance and alternative treatment strategies are a high priority. Protein A encoded in Staphylococcus aureus by spa protects the bacterium by binding IgG and acts as a superantigen. Staphylococcus pseudintermedius possess two genes orthologous to S. aureus spa, spsP, and spsQ. METHODS:SpsQ and SpsQ-M, a non-toxigenic SpsQ, were cloned and expressed as recombinant proteins and their cytotoxic effect on canine B cells was measured. The neutralizing ability of antibody raised against them in clinically healthy dogs was evaluated. RESULTS:S. pseudintermedius SpsQ induced apoptosis of canine B cells. Specific amino acid substitutions diminished SpsQ-M binding to immunoglobulin and its super-antigenic activity, while its antigenicity was maintained. This recombinant, non-toxigenic S. pseudintermedius SpsQ stimulated the production of antibodies in dogs that specifically reacted with SpsQ and greatly diminished its cytotoxic effect on canine B cells. CONCLUSIONS:The production of neutralizing antibody suggests that attenuated, non-toxic SpsQ produced in this study is a good candidate for inclusion in a vaccine for use in the treatment and prevention of S. pseudintermedius infections. ABBREVIATIONS:SpA: Staphylococcus aureus protein A; SpsP: Staphylococcus pseudintermedius protein A; SpsQ: Staphylococcus pseudintermedius protein A; SpsQ-M: attenuated Staphylococcus pseudintermedius protein A; MRSP: methicillin resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius; IgA: immunoglobulin A; IgG: immunoglobulin G; IgM: immunoglobulin M; VH: variable region of immunoglobulin heavy chain; IgBD: immunoglobulin binding domains; MFI: mean fluorescent intensity; SEM: standard error of the mean; PBMC: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells; CD21: complement receptor type 2; ST: Sequence type; OD: Optical density; ORF: open reading frame; PBS: Phosphate buffered saline; Tween 20: Polyethylene glycol sorbitan monolaurate 20; HRP: horseradish peroxidase; TMB- 3,3',5,5'-Tetramethylbenzidine.
Project description:Here we report the genome assembly, using a hybrid approach with Illumina and Nanopore sequencing, of a pathogenic Staphylococcus pseudintermedius strain isolated from a case of canine otitis. Genome assembly confirmed the antimicrobial resistance profile (disk diffusion testing) with specific genes and mutations.
Project description:Here, we report the genome sequence of a <i>Siphoviridae</i> phage named vB_SauS_BaqSau1 (BaqSau1), infecting <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i> Phage BaqSau1 was isolated from a sewage water treatment plant in Sahagún, Córdoba, Colombia. It has a double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) genome of 44,384 bp with 67 predicted genes, including a lysin containing a CHAP (cysteine, histidine-dependent amidohydrolase/peptidase) domain.