The impact of RNA structures in coding sequences (CDS) within mRNAs is poorly understood. Here, we identify a novel and highly conserved mechanism of translational control involving RNA structures within coding sequences and the DEAD-box helicase Dhh1. Using yeast genetics and genome-wide ribosome profiling analyses, we show that this mechanism, initially derived from studies of the Brome Mosaic virus RNA genome, extends to yeast and human mRNAs highly enriched in membrane and secreted proteins. ...[more]
Project description:Ribosome profiling (Ribo-Seq) and RNA-Seq analysis of eEF3 depletion in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). eEF3 depletion was induced by methionine in a modified strain where the native promoter was replaced by methionine repressible MET25 promoter. Conditional depletion enables us to study global effects of an essential gene.
Project description:The canonical role of eEF1A is to deliver the aminoacyl tRNA to the ribosome, we have used the yeast model system to investigate further roles for this protein. We used microarray to study the transcriptomic effects of elevated levels of eEF1A on yeast cells during log phase growth Overall design: Yeast cells were grown to log phase, the RNA extracted and hybridised to affymetrix arrays.
Project description:Abf1 and Reb1, two general regulatory factors playing roles at promoters and other genome functional sites in budding yeast, were mapped genome-wide by ChIP-sequencing using strains expressing TAP-tagged versions of the proteins. As expected on the basis of previous in silico analysis of promoter regions, we found that these factors are enriched at the promoters of ribosome biogenesis (Ribi) genes, a large regulon of more than 200 genes required for ribosome biosynthesis and assembly, and known to be coordinately regulated in response to nutrient availability and cellular growth rate. Overall design: The reported analysis was designed as a confirmative experiment. Chromatin immunoprecipitation of TAP-tagged Abf1 and Reb1 was carried out using logarithmically growing yeast cells, as described in Fermi et al (2016) Nucleic Acids Res, March 25, doi:10.1093/nar/gkw194