Project description:This study determined key transcriptional signatures associated with HCV recurrence and eventual development of severe liver disease in infected transplant patient liver biopsies over time following transplant. We identified molecular signatures associated with severe fibrosis and liver injury prior to histologic evidence of disease progression. 111 liver biopsy specimens collected longitudinally from 57 HCV-infected liver transplant patients following organ transplant. Several batches of pooled normal liver RNA samples (Utah normal pool; UNP) are included.
Project description:The aim of this study was to investigate correlations between early subclinical findings (10 and 90 day histology and gene expression data) and late outcomes (transplant glomerulopathy and graft loss) in positive crossmatch kidney transplants (+XMKTx). Our goal was threefold: first, to confirm that intragraft molecular changes at 12m post-transplant are associated with the observed histologic changes in SLK transplant recipients, compared with KTA transplant recipients; second, to ascertain whether specific molecular pathways/markers that are not accounted for by routine histology are differentially expressed in the kidney allografts of the SLK transplant recipients; and third, to determine whether a molecular signature that is uniquely associated with simultaneous liver transplantation can be identified in kidney allografts. Overall design: Biopsy samples were from positive and negative crossmatch simultaneous liver-kidney transplant recipients (12 month protocol biopsies) were compared to control patient (positiive and negative crossmatch) biopsies obtained at 12 months.
Project description:In clinical organ transplantation complete cessation of immunosuppressive therapy can be successfully accomplished in selected recipients providing a proof-of-principle that allograft tolerance is attainable in humans. The intra-graft molecular pathways associated with human allograft tolerance, however, have not been comprehensively studied before. In this study we analyzed sequential liver tissue samples collected from liver recipients enrolled in a prospective multicenter immunosuppressive withdrawal clinical trial. Tolerant and non-tolerant recipients differed in the intra-graft expression of genes involved in the regulation of iron homeostasis.These results point to a critical role of iron homeostasis in the regulation of intra-graft alloimmune responses in humans and provide a set of novel biomarkers to conduct drug-weaning trials in liver transplantation. The complete database comprised the expression measurements of 48766 probes in liver biopsies. The liver biopsy specimens available for the study were obtained: a) before immunosuppressive drugs were discontinued from tolerant (TOL, n=24) and non-tolerant (Non-TOL, n=29) recipients; b) at the time of rejection from non-tolerant recipients (Non TOL REJ, n=18); In addition, liver tissue samples were also collected from the following control patient groups: a) liver transplant recipients with chronic hepatitis due to recurrent hepatitis C virus infection (HEPC, n=12); b) liver transplant recipients with typical acute cellular rejection taking place during the immediate post-transplant period (REJ, n=9); c) liver transplant recipients under maintenance immunosuppression with normal liver function and normal liver histology 1 year after transplantation (CONT-Tx, n=8); and d) non-transplanted patients undergoing surgery for colorectal liver metastases (CONT, n=10).
Project description:Current selection criteria for liver transplant in patients with HCC (the Milan criteria) do not incorporate biologic metrics. MiRNA expression profiles correlate with HCC recurrence after transplant and can add significant value to the Milan criteria. MiRNA expression profiles were studied in HCC specimens from patients undergoing liver transplant and correlated with their tumor recurrence status and Milan criteria status.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE26622: MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF LIVER ALLOGRAFTS FROM OPERATIONALLY TOLERANT TRANSPLANT RECIPIENTS (Affymetrix) GSE26625: MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF LIVER ALLOGRAFTS FROM OPERATIONALLY TOLERANT TRANSPLANT RECIPIENTS (Illumina) Refer to individual Series
Project description:The liver circadian clock is reprogrammed by nutritional challenge through the rewiring of specific transcriptional pathways. As the gut microbiota is tightly connected to host metabolism, whose coordination is governed by the circadian clock, we explored whether gut microbes influence circadian homeostasis and how they distally control the peripheral clock in the liver. Using fecal transplant procedures we reveal that, in response to high fat diet, the gut microbiota drives PPARγ-mediated activation of newly oscillatory transcriptional programs in the liver. Moreover, antibiotics treatment prevents PPARγ-driven transcription in the liver, underscoring the essential role of gut microbes in clock reprogramming and hepatic circadian homeostasis. Thus, a specific molecular signature characterizes the influence of the gut microbiome in the liver, leading to the transcriptional rewiring of hepatic metabolism. We used microarray to quantify the tissue specific expression level of circadian genes in terms of total RNA. Overall design: Microarray experiments were conducted to collect tissue specific, time specific samples from mice under different fecal transplant conditions, i.e. accepting fecal transplant from donors under certain diet conditions while being fed normal diet. Results compared to previous published works.
| GSE82250 | GEO
Project description:Prospective study of multi-drug resistant organism colonization and infection in liver transplant recipients