Project description:Background: The force generating mechanism of muscle is evolutionarily ancient; the fundamental structural and functional components of the sarcomere are common to motile animals throughout phylogeny. Recent evidence suggests that the transcription factors that regulate muscle development are also conserved. Thus, a comprehensive description of muscle gene expression in a simple model organism should define a basic muscle transcriptome that is also expressed in animals with more complex body plans. To this end, we have applied Micro-Array Profiling of Caenorhabditis elegans Cells (MAPCeL) to muscle cell populations extracted from developing Caenorhabditis elegans embryos. Results: Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorting (FACS) was used to isolate myo-3::GFP-positive muscle cells, and their cultured derivatives, from dissociated early Caenorhabditis elegans embryos. Microarray analysis identified 6,693 expressed genes, 1,305 of which are enriched in the myo-3::GFP positive cell population relative to the average embryonic cell. The muscle-enriched gene set was validated by comparisons to known muscle markers, independently derived expression data, and GFP reporters in transgenic strains. These results confirm the utility of MAPCeL for cell type-specific expression profiling and reveal that 60% of these transcripts have human homologs. Conclusions: This study provides a comprehensive description of gene expression in developing Caenorhabditis elegans embryonic muscle cells. The finding that over half of these muscle-enriched transcripts encode proteins with human homologs suggests that mutant analysis of these genes in Caenorhabditis elegans could reveal evolutionarily conserved models of muscle gene function with ready application to human muscle pathologies. Keywords: embryonic muscle, myo-3::GFP Overall design: Our goal is to profile gene expression in the major excitable tissues of Caenorhabditis elegans. As part of this effort, we profiled embryonic muscle cells at two timepoints: 0hr and 24hr.. To isolate transcripts from these cells we utilized the MAPCeL (Microarray Profiling Caenorhabditis elegans Cells) technique, which our lab previously developed (Fox et al 2005) in which myo-3::GFP+ cells are captured by FACS for RNA isolation. We verified these data by bioinformatic means and by in vivo validation by creating GFP reporters for a random set of genes in our enriched gene list.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE28617: Function, targets and evolution of Caenorhabditis elegans piRNAs (small RNA-Seq) GSE37432: Function, targets and evolution of Caenorhabditis elegans piRNAs (mRNA) Refer to individual Series
Project description:Yilmaz2016 - Genome scale metabolic model -
Caenorhabditis elegans (iCEL1273)
This model is described in the article:
A Caenorhabditis elegans
Genome-Scale Metabolic Network Model.
Yilmaz LS, Walhout AJ.
Cell Syst 2016 May; 2(5): 297-311
Caenorhabditis elegans is a powerful model to study
metabolism and how it relates to nutrition, gene expression,
and life history traits. However, while numerous experimental
techniques that enable perturbation of its diet and gene
function are available, a high-quality metabolic network model
has been lacking. Here, we reconstruct an initial version of
the C. elegans metabolic network. This network model
contains 1,273 genes, 623 enzymes, and 1,985 metabolic
reactions and is referred to as iCEL1273. Using flux balance
analysis, we show that iCEL1273 is capable of representing the
conversion of bacterial biomass into C. elegans biomass
during growth and enables the predictions of gene essentiality
and other phenotypes. In addition, we demonstrate that gene
expression data can be integrated with the model by comparing
metabolic rewiring in dauer animals versus growing larvae.
iCEL1273 is available at a dedicated website
(wormflux.umassmed.edu) and will enable the unraveling of the
mechanisms by which different macro- and micronutrients
contribute to the animal's physiology.
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Project description:Transcriptional profiling of Caenorhabditis elegans comparing control E. coli OP50-fed C. elegans with L. sphaericus-fed C. elegans Two-condition experiment, E. coli OP50-fed C. elegans vs. L. sphaericus-fed C. elegans
Project description:Inhibition of insulin/IGF-1 signaling (IIS) represents a promising avenue for the treatment of mitochondrial diseases, although many of the molecular mechanisms underlying this beneficial effect remain elusive. Here, we investigate the proteomic landscape of Caenorhabditis elegans with severe mitochondrial deficiency in the context of insulin signaling inhibition.
Project description:Inhibition of insulin/IGF-1 signaling (IIS) represents a promising avenue for the treatment of mitochondrial diseases, although many of the molecular mechanisms underlying this beneficial effect remain elusive. Here, we investigate the phosphoproteomic landscape of Caenorhabditis elegans with severe mitochondrial deficiency in the context of insulin signaling inhibition.