Project description:We describe four patients from two unrelated families of different ethnicities who had primary immunodeficiency predominantly manifesting as susceptibility to EBV-related diseases. We performed whole exome sequencing (P1 and P2 from family 1) or whole genome sequencing (P4 and both parents from family 2) in those two families and identified homozygous frameshift or in-frame deletions in CD70 in these patients which abolished either CD70 surface expression or binding to its counter structure CD27. Sanger sequencing identified the same homozygous CD70 mutation in P3, which is not included in the dbGaP submission. Autosomal recessive CD70 deficiency is a novel cause of combined immunodeficiency and EBV-associated diseases, reminiscent of CD27 deficiency.
Project description:26 limb-girdle muscular dystrophy patients from Latvia and 34 patients from Lithuania with clinical symptoms of limb-girdle muscular dystrophies, along with 204 healthy unrelated controls were genotyped for 96 most frequent known limb-girdle muscular dystrophies causing mutations for the region, using VeraCode GoldenGate system. More information can be found in article Robust genotyping tool for autosomal recessive type of limb-girdle muscular dystrophies in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders by I. Inashkina et al.
Project description:Heterozygosity for human STAT3 dominant-negative (DN) mutations underlies an autosomal dominant form of hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES). We describe patients with an autosomal recessive form of HIES due to loss-of-function mutations of a previously uncharacterized gene, ZNF341. ZNF341 is a transcription factor that resides in the nucleus, where it binds a specific DNA motif present in various genes, including, most notably the STAT3 promoter. The patients’ cells have low basal levels of STAT3 mRNA and protein. The auto-induction of STAT3 production, activation, and function by STAT3-activating cytokines is particularly strongly impaired. Like patients with STAT3 DN mutations, ZNF341-deficient patients lack Th17 cells, have an excess of Th2 cells, and low memory B cells, due to the tight dependence of STAT3 activity on ZNF341 in lymphocytes. Their milder extra-hematopoietic manifestations and stronger inflammatory responses reflect the lower ZNF341-dependence of STAT3 activity in other cell types. Human ZNF341 is essential for the STAT3 transcription-dependent auto-induction and sustained activity of STAT3. Overall design: RNA-Seq and ChIP-Seq analyses using freshly isolated CD3+ T cells or EBV-B cells transduced with ZNF341 WT isoform 1 (NM_001282933) or 2 (NM_032819) or an empty vector (EV) from the same patient (P4).
Project description:Non-syndromic mental retardation is one of the most important unresolved problems in genetic health care. Autosomal forms are far more common than X-linked ones, but in contrast to the latter, they are still largely unexplored. Here we report on a complex mutation in the ionotropic glutamate receptor 6 gene (GRIK2, GLUR6), which co-segregates with moderate to severe non-syndromic autosomal recessive mental retardation in a large consanguineous Iranian family1. The predicted gene product lacks the first ligand-binding domain, the two adjacent transmembrane domains and the putative pore-forming loop of the GLUK6 protein, suggesting a complete loss of function, which is supported by electrophysiological data. This finding provides the first irrefutable proof that GLUK6 is indispensable for higher brain functions in man, and future studies of this and other ionotropic kainate receptors will shed more light on the pathophysiology of mental retardation. Keywords: array CGH Overall design: Five samples with a homozygous deletion of GLUR6 were analysed by means of submegabase array CGH on platform GPL5114
Project description:To define a genetic syndrome of combined immunodeficiency, severe autoimmunity, and developmental delay, 4 patients from two families who had similar syndromic features were studied. To identify disease-causing mutations, we performed whole exome sequencing for one patient and her healthy parent from Family 1 and also for one patient from Family 2. Disease segregated with novel autosomal recessive mutations in a single gene, tripeptidyl-peptidase II (TPP2) gene. The result defines a new human metabolic immunodeficiency.
Project description:Numerous genetic conditions give rise to a scaly skin phenotype as a result of impaired barrier function. Differences in appearance suggest the response of epidermal cells depends upon the basic defect. The present work characterizes the departure of afflicted corneocytes from normal as judged by their proteomic profiles in three types of autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis arising from defects in the genes PNPLA1, SDR9C7 and TGM1. The results show that the profiles were distinctive, each displaying a set of altered protein levels, but with a subset of common alterations. Departure from the normal profile was examined at three different anatomic sites (forearm, forehead, leg). Reflecting that the normal protein profile differed at these sites, comparing profiles from afflicted subjects revealed that the alterations in profile were site-dependent. These results suggest proteomic profiling can provide a quantitative measure of departure from the normal state of epidermis. Further development may find application to diagnosis, including identification of new genetic defects, and may help understand signaling pathways perturbed by the basic defects, supplementing visual evaluation of treatment.