Project description:Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is a highly contagious dsRNA virus (Birnaviridae) which causes immuno-suppression in chickens. Although largely controlled by vaccination, new, virulent strains of the virus mean that infectious bursal disease (IBD or ëGumboroí disease) still remains a threat to the poultry industry. The virus infects dividing IgM+ B-lymphocytes and the main site of viral replication is the bursa of Fabricius where B cells are produced. Infection is spread orally via contaminated feed and water. IBDV affects young birds, with the disease usually being diagnosed in 3-6 week old birds. Younger birds do not show clinical signs but are immuno-suppressed. Symptoms include anorexia, depression, diahorrea, ruffled feathers, immuno-suppression and bursal lesions. The disease peaks between 2-5 days post infection and is practically cleared by day 7. Mortality is variable but can be up to around 70% with very virulent strains of the disease. Even if birds survive, the resulting immuno-suppression and effect on egg production in layer birds is significant. Being able to breed commercial lines of birds for enhanced genetic resistance to IBDV is an obvious goal in the fight against the disease. Three-week-old chicks were inoculated with virus via an intra-nasal route and tissue samples were collected at 2, 3 and 4 days post-inoculation. Bursa and spleen tissues were examined from control and infected birds at 2, 3 and 4 days post-infection in birds known to be either susceptible or resistant to the virus. As well as understanding the host immune response to IBDV, we are interested in identifying genes involved in disease resistance and so we have analysed the gene expression profiles at these times, when the innate immune response is active. We assume that genes underlying resistance will be involved at this early stage of the host immune response.
Project description:Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) causes a highly contagious, immunosuppressive disease in chickens. The virus mainly infects immature B lymphocytes in the bursa of Fabricius (BF). Chicken B cell line DT40, an avian leukosis virus-induced B cell line, supports very virulent IBDV (vvIBDV) infection in vitro and thereby serves as a good model for investigating the infection and pathogenesis of this virus. However, a transcriptome-wide understanding of the interaction between vvIBDV and B cells has not yet been achieved. This study aimed to employ time-course DNA microarrays to investigate gene expression patterns in DT40 cells after infection with vvIBDV strain LX. Overall design: 6 samples.including DT40 cells infected with vvIBDV strain LX at an MOI of 5 EID50 and collected at the 12, 18, 24, 36, 48 hours post-infection (pi) and mock ones.
Project description:We used a chicken immune-targeted gene array to analyse the differences in gene expression in the bursa of Fabricius from genetically resistant and susceptible animals infected with Infectious Bursal Disease Virus (IBDV).
Project description:H5N1 subtype highly pathogenic avian influenza virus has been spreading to Asia, Eurasia and African coutries. An original or six of recombinant H5N1 subtype influenza viruses with varying survivability were infected to chickens for elucidating genes correlated with pathogenicity. Overall design: Two chickens were infected with each 10^6EID50/ head virus intranasally, and their lung was collected from infected chicken at 24 hours after infection.
Project description:H5N1 subtype highly pathogenic avian influenza virus has been spreading to Asia, Eurasia and African coutries. An original or six of recombinant H5N1 subtype influenza viruses with varying survivability were infected to chickens for elucidating genes correlated with pathogenicity. Two chickens were infected with each 10^6EID50/ head virus intranasally, and their lung was collected from infected chicken at 24 hours after infection.
Project description:Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is the pathogenic agent of infectious bursal disease (IBD). Scine it was observed in 1957, IBD spread worldwidely in the chicken flocks, is a important immunosuppressive disease and an threat to poultry industry. Although many studies have be done about IBDV, interaction of IBDV infection and IBDV-encoding genes to host cell gene expression are little known. In this study, the LongSAGE library of Vero-cell, IBDV- infected vero cell, Vero-cell transfected with IBDV-VP5 gene, Vero-cell transfected with IBDV A frament and Vero-cell transfected with IBDV VP243 frament were obtained. We got 96,213 gene tags (17 nucleotides), which represented 24,475 transcripts. Keywords: Transcripts of different state vero-cell Overall design: 1.Cloning of the full-length genomic A-segment, VP5 ORF cDNA, VP243 ORF cDNA of IBDV 2.Establishing cloned Vero cell lines expressing VP5, VP243 and A fragment of IBDV 3.Construction of Long-SAGE libraries 4. Sequencing