A novel Gram-stain positive, endospore-forming bacterium, designated SGD-14(T), was isolated from a marine sediment sample in Goa Province, India. Cells of the isolate were found to be strictly aerobic. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain SGD-14(T) showed a similarity of 99.5 % with Bacillus endophyticus and similarities to other Bacillus type strains were below 96 %. The whole-cell sugar pattern was found to consist of ribose, xylose and glucose. The pre ...[more]
Project description:Investigation of whole genome gene expression level changes in Lactococcus lactis KCTC 3769T,L. raffinolactis DSM 20443T, L. plantarum DSM 20686T, L. fujiensis JSM 16395T, L. garvieae KCTC 3772T, L. piscium DSM 6634T and L. chungangensis CAU 28T . This proves that transcriptional profiling can facilitate in elucidating the genetic distance between closely related strains. A one chip study using total RNA recovered from of L. raffinolactis DSM 20443T, L. plantarum DSM 20686T, L. fujiensis JSM 16395T, L. garvieae KCTC 3772T, L. piscium DSM 6634T and L. chungangensis CAU 28T . For the the transcriptome of of L. raffinolactis DSM 20443T, L. plantarum DSM 20686T, L. fujiensis JSM 16395T, L. garvieae KCTC 3772T, L. piscium DSM 6634T and L. chungangensis CAU 28T was analyzed using the Lactococcus lactis KCTC 3769T microarray platform
Project description:Ruminiclostridium thermocellum DSM 1313 strain adhE*(EA) expression was studied along with ∆hydG and ∆hydG∆ech mutants strains deposited under GSE54082. All strains have been described in a study entitled Elimination of hydrogenase post-translational modification blocks H2 production and increases ethanol yield in Clostridium thermocellum. Biswas, et .al. Biotechnology for Biofuels 2015 8:20 Ruminiclostridium (Clostridium) thermocellum is a leading candidate organism for implementing a consolidated bioprocessing (CBP) strategy for biofuel production due to its native ability to rapidly consume cellulose and its existing ethanol production pathway. C. thermocellum converts cellulose and cellobiose to lactate, formate, acetate, H2, ethanol, amino acids, and other products. Elimination of the pathways leading to products such as H2 could redirect carbon flux towards ethanol production. Rather than delete each hydrogenase individually, we targeted a hydrogenase maturase gene (hydG), which is involved in converting the three [FeFe] hydrogenase apoenzymes into holoenzymes by assembling the active site. This functionally inactivated all three Fe-Fe hydrogenases simultaneously, as they were unable to make active enzymes. In the ∆hydG mutant, the [NiFe] hydrogenase-encoding ech was also deleted to obtain a mutant that functionally lacks all hydrogenase. The ethanol yield increased nearly 2-fold in ∆hydG∆ech compared to wild type, and H2 production was below the detection limit. Interestingly, ∆hydG and ∆hydG∆ech exhibited improved growth in the presence of acetate in the medium. Transcriptomic and proteomic analysis reveal that genes related to sulfate transport and metabolism were up-regulated in the presence of added acetate in ∆hydG, resulting in altered sulfur metabolism. Further genomic analysis of this strain revealed a mutation in the bi-functional alcohol/aldehyde dehydrogenase adhE gene, resulting in a strain with both NADH- and NADPH-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase activities, whereas the wild type strain can only utilize NADH. This is the exact same adhE mutation found in ethanol-tolerant C. thermocellum strain E50C, but ∆hydG∆ech is not more ethanol tolerant than the wild type. Targeting protein post-translational modification is a promising new approach to target multiple enzymes simultaneously for metabolic engineering. This GEO study pertains to expression profiles generated for C. thermocellum DSM 1313 strain adhE*(EA) Overall design: A six array study using total RNA recovered from Clostridium thermocellum DSM 1313 adhE*(EA) 27405 cultures. Cells were harvested at an OD 0.4-0.5 from cultures grown in the presence of additional 5mM acetate and compared to untreated controls. Three biological replicates were performed for treated and untreated cultures.
Project description:Variations in gene content and sequence that could be associated with symbiotic adaptations of the ectomycorrhizal fungus Paxillus involutus were investigated by analyses of strains showing various abilities to form mycorrhiza. Five strains of Paxillus involutus (ATCC 200175, Maj; Nau, Pi01SE, and Pi08BE) and one strain of Paxillus filamentosus (Pf01De) were analyzed by comparative genomic hybridizations using cDNA microarrays. Two batches of arrays were used containing 1,076 unique fungal reporters. DNA was prepared from each strain, and after fragmentation and labelling used for dual-label microarray hybridizations. The experimental design includes 16 arrays (CGH_01 -- CGH_16), of which 12 arrays represent dye-swapped and direct contrasts between the sample strains and the reference strain ATCC 200175. Two arrays represent dye-swapped self-self hybridizations of the reference strain ATCC 200175 (CGH_01 and CGH_02). The remaining two arrays represent dye-swapped and direct contrasts between the sample strains Maj and Nau (CGH_06 and CGH_07).