Project description:Streptomyces sp. M7 has demonstrated ability to remove lindane from culture media and soils. In this study, we used MS-based label-free quantitative proteomic to understand lindane degradation and its metabolic context in Streptomyces sp. M7. We identified the proteins involved in the up-stream degradation pathway. Our results demonstrated that mineralization of lindane is feasible since proteins from an unusual down-stream degradation pathway were also identified. Degradative steps were supported by an active catabolism that supplied energy and reducing equivalents in the form of NADPH. This is the first study in which degradation steps of an organochlorine compound and metabolic context are elucidate in a biotechnological genus as Streptomyces. These results serve as basement to study other degradative actinobacteria and to improve the degradation processes of Streptomyces sp. M7.
Project description:Actinomycete genomes contain a plethora of orphan gene clusters encoding unknown secondary metabolites, and representing a huge unexploited pool of chemical diversity. The explosive increase in genome sequencing and the massive advance of bioinformatic tools have revolutionized the rationale for natural product discovery from actinomycetes. In this context, we applied a genome mining approach to discover a group of unique catecholate-hydroxamate siderophores termed as qinichelins from Streptomyces sp. MBT76. Quantitative proteomics statistically correlated a gene cluster of interest (qch) to its unknown chemotype (qinichelin), after which structural elucidation of isolated qinichelin was assisted by bioinformatics analysis and verified by MS2 and NMR experiments. Strikingly, intertwined functional crosstalk among four separately located gene clusters was implicated in the biosynthesis of qinichelins.
Project description:More than 2x10E9 sequences made on Illumina platform derived from the genome of E14 embryonic stem cells cultured in our laboratory were used to build a database of about 2.7x10E6 single nucleotide variant. The database was validated using other two sequencing datasets from other laboratory and high overlap was observed. The identified variant are enriched on intergenic regions, but several thousands reside on gene exons and regulatory regions, such as promoters, enhancers, splicing site and untranslated regions of RNA, thus indicating high probability of an important functional impact on the molecular biology of this cells. We created a new E14 genome assembly including the new identified variants and used it to map reads from next generation sequencing data generated in our laboratory or in others on E14 cell line. We observed an increase in the number of mapped reads of about 5%. CpG dinucleotide showed the higher variation frequency, probably because of it could be target of DNA methylation. We performed a reduced representation bisulfite sequencing on E14 cell line to test our new genome assembly with respect to the mm9 genome reference. After mapping and methylation status calling, we obtained an increase of about 120,000 called CpG and we avoided about 20,000 wrong CpG calling. genotyping of E14 embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and Reduced representation Bisulfite Sequencing (RRBS) of E14 ESCs.