Project description:To investigate the mechanism of Yiqifumai Powder Injectionthe on treating chronic heart diseases. We have employed a microRNAs microarray to identify the pivotal miRNAs altered by Yiqifumai compared to chronic heart injury and control group samples. 7 miRNAs accord with a 4-fold change (or more) or 1/4 (or less) and reverse rate between 1 and 2 were picked out as the reversible miRNAs for their expression after Yiqifumai treatment reversed significantly compared to model group. Among them, miR-21-3p and miR-542-3p were reported to associate with cardiac hypertrophy and tumer poliferation,respectively and they were validated by RT-PCR, which showed the consistent results as the microarray ones. Overall design: Yiqifumai Powder Injection regulated 7 differentially expressed miRNAs in treating chronic heart failure rats.
Project description:Metal powder injection molding is a shaping technology that has achieved solid scientific underpinnings. It is from this science base that recent progress has occurred in titanium powder injection molding. Much of the progress awaited development of the required particles with specific characteristics of particle size, particle shape, and purity. The production of titanium components by injection molding is stabilized by a good understanding of how each process variable impacts density and impurity level. As summarized here, recent research has isolated the four critical success factors in titanium metal powder injection molding (Ti-MIM) that must be simultaneously satisfied-density, purity, alloying, and microstructure. The critical role of density and impurities, and the inability to remove impurities with sintering, compels attention to starting Ti-MIM with high quality alloy powders. This article addresses the four critical success factors to rationalize Ti-MIM processing conditions to the requirements for demanding applications in aerospace and medical fields. Based on extensive research, a baseline process is identified and reported here with attention to linking mechanical properties to the four critical success factors.
Project description:The YiQiFuMai powder injection (YQFM), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescription re-developed based on Sheng-Mai-San, is widely applied for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. However, its potential molecular mechanism remains obscure. The present study was designed to observe the effects of YQFM and underlying mechanisms on coronary artery ligation (CAL)-induced heart failure (HF) and cell hypoxia of 24 h oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs). HF was induced by permanent CAL for 2 weeks in ICR mice. The results demonstrated that YQFM significantly attenuated CAL-induced HF via improving the cardiac function, cardiac systolic function, cardiac structure impairment, cardiac histological features and fibrosis. YQFM markedly attenuated mitochondrial dysfunction through improving mitochondrial morphology, increasing mitochondria membrane potential (??m), mitochondrial ROS generation and expression of Mitofusin-2 (Mfn2), meanwhile, decreasing phosphorylation of dynamin-related protein 1 (p-Drp1). Mechanistically, YQFM could significantly decrease the expression of isoforms of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase subunit NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2), p67<sup>phox</sup> and NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4), ultimately reducing reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. In addition, YQFM could down-regulate expression of calcium voltage-gated channel subunit ?1C (CACNA1C) and phosphorylation of calmodulin dependent protein kinase II (p-CaMKII). These results suggest that YQFM ameliorates mitochondrial function in HF mice, partially through inhibiting ROS generation and CaMKII signaling pathways. Therefore, the present study provided scientific evidence for the underlying mechanism of YQFM.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a global public health problem. Therefore, novel and effective drugs that show few side-effects are needed. Early literature studies indicated that Huangqi injection is one of the most commonly used traditional Chinese patent medicines for CHF in China. As a large number of clinical studies has been carried out and published, it is essential to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Huangqi injection. Therefore, we carried out this systematic review under the support of the framework of the Joint Sino-Italian Laboratory (JoSIL). OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Huangqi injection for CHF according to the available scientific knowledge. METHODS:An extensive search including PubMed, EMBASE, CBM, the Cochrane Library and Chinese literature databases was performed up to July 2008. Clinical trials regarding Huangqi injection for the treatment of CHF were searched for, irrespective of languages. The quality of each trial was assessed according to the Cochrane Reviewers' Handbook 5.0, and RevMan 5.0 provided by the Cochrane Collaboration and STATA 9.2 were used for data analysis. RESULTS:After selection of 1,205 articles, 62 RCTs and quasi-RCTs conducted in China and published in Chinese journals were included in the review. The methodological quality of the trials was low. In most trials inclusion and exclusion criteria were not specified. Furthermore, only one study evaluated the outcomes for drug efficacy after an adequate period of time. For these reasons and because of the different baseline characteristics we did not conduct a meta-analysis. CONCLUSIONS:Although available studies are not adequate to draw a conclusion on the efficacy and safety of Huangqi injection (a traditional Chinese patent medicine), we hope that our work could provide useful experience on further studies on Huangqi injections. The overall level of TCM clinical research needs to be improved so that the efficacy of TCM can be evaluated by the international community and possibly some TCM can enter into the international market.
Project description:BACKGROUND:It has been suggested that bone marrow cell injection may have beneficial effects in patients with chronic ischaemic heart disease. However, previous trials have led to discrepant results of cell-based therapy in patients with chronic heart failure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of intramyocardial injection of mononuclear bone marrow cells in patients with chronic ischaemic heart failure with limited stress-inducible myocardial ischaemia. METHODS AND RESULTS:This multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled trial included 39 patients with no-option chronic ischaemic heart failure with a follow-up of 12 months. A total of 19 patients were randomised to autologous intramyocardial bone marrow cell injection (cell group) and 20 patients received a placebo injection (placebo group). The primary endpoint was the group difference in change of left ventricular ejection fraction, as determined by single-photon emission tomography. On follow-up at 3 and 12 months, change of left ventricular ejection fraction in the cell group was comparable with change in the placebo group (P = 0.47 and P = 0.08, respectively). Also secondary endpoints, including left ventricle volumes, myocardial perfusion, functional and clinical parameters did not significantly change in the cell group as compared to placebo. Neither improvement was demonstrated in a subgroup of patients with stress-inducible ischaemia (P = 0.54 at 3‑month and P = 0.15 at 12-month follow-up). CONCLUSION:Intramyocardial bone marrow cell injection does not improve cardiac function, nor functional and clinical parameters in patients with severe chronic ischaemic heart failure with limited stress-inducible ischaemia. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION:NTR2516.
Project description:Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the effect of Shenfu injection in a rat model of ischemic heart failure and explore its mechanism. Methods: A rat model of ischemic heart failure after myocardial infarction was established by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery. Forty-eight hours after surgery, the rats were intraperitoneally administered Shenfu injection for 7 weeks. Then, left ventricular fractional shortening and left ventricular ejection fraction were measured using transthoracic echocardiography, whereas heart rate and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure were measured using a MD3000 biosignal acquisition and processing system. The hearts and lungs of the rats were excised and weighed to measure the heart and lung weight indexes. In addition, cardiac histopathological changes were observed via hematoxylin-eosin and Masson's trichrome staining, and serum cardiac troponin content was detected using a cardiac troponin ELISA kit. Furthermore, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry imaging was used to detect the levels and distribution of small molecules in the hearts of rats with ischemic heart failure. Results: We found that Shenfu injection can significantly increase left ventricular fractional shortening and left ventricular ejection fraction in rats with ischemic heart failure and significantly reduce the left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, heart and lung weight indexes, and cardiac troponin content; improve cardiac tissue morphology; and reduce infarct size. In addition, the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry imaging results demonstrated that 22:6 phospholipids were predominately distributed in the non-infarct zone, whereas 20:4 phospholipids tended to concentrate in the infarct zone. Shenfu injection significantly reduced taurine, glutathione, and phospholipids levels in the hearts of rats with ischemic heart failure and primarily changed the distribution of these molecules in the non-infarct zone. Conclusion: Shenfu injection induced obvious myocardial protective effects in rats with ischemic heart failure by stimulating antioxidation and changing the phospholipid levels and distribution.
Project description:Chronic heart AQ4 failure (CHF) is the final stage of various heart diseases. YiQiFuMai injection (YQFMI) has been widely applied in the treatment of CHF. However, to our knowledge, there has been no systematic review or meta-analysis of randomized controlled trails (RCTs) regarding the effectiveness of this treatment. Here, we provide a protocol to evaluate the efficacy and safety of YQFMI for CHF.To evaluate the clinical efficacy of YQFMI in treating CHF, 2 researcher members will independently search the RCTs in the following 8 Chinese and English databases, in which the data collection will be from the time when the respective databases were established to January 2018. The databases will include MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL, CINAHL, the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP Information and Wanfang Data. The therapeutic effects according to the mortality and the New York Heart Association (NYHA) function classification will be accepted as the primary outcomes. We will use RevMan V.5.3 software as well to compute the data synthesis carefully when a meta-analysis is allowed.This study will provide a high-quality synthesis of current evidence of YQFMI for CHF from several aspects including mortality, NYHA function classification.The conclusion of our systematic review will provide evidence to judge whether YQFMI is an effective intervention for CHF.PROSPERO registration number: PROSPERO CRD42017079696.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Danhong injection (DHI) has been widely in the treatment of chronic heart failure (CHF) in China; however, there is not enough clinical evidence DHI for treating CHF. METHODS:Two researchers will search literatures of DHI for CHF in databases. Extracted data are analyzed with Review Manager 5.3 software. The selected studies should be conducted quality evaluation, forest plots and funnel plots will be run by RevMan5.3. RESULTS:This systematic review validates the clinical efficacy and safety of DHI in the treatment of CHF through the analysis of New York Heart Association functional classification, left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular end-diastolic dimension, cardiac output, brain natriuretic peptide, adverse events. CONCLUSIONS:This systematic review will be provided a rational clinical evidence to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of DHI for the treatment of CHF. REGISTRATION NUMBER:PROSPERO CRD42019144686.
Project description:A pair of new phenolic acid stereoisomers, (R)-norsalvianolic acid L (1) and (S)-norsalvianolic acid L (2), was isolated from the Danshen Injection (lyophilized powder). The structural elucidation and stereochemistry determination were achieved by spectroscopic and chemical methods including 1D, 2D NMR (1H-1H COSY, HSQC and HMBC) and circular dichroism experiments. Their antioxidant activities were assessed by the DPPH· and ABTS·+ scavenging methods in vitro with microplate assay. The IC50 values of 1 were 6.9 and 9.7 ?M respectively, which was close to the control salvianolic acid B (7.8 and 7.1 ?M respectively), while the IC50 values of isomer 2 were 27.1 and 25.3 ?M, respectively.
Project description:Powder-injectors use gas propulsion to deposit lyophilised drug or vaccine particles in the epidermal and sub epidermal layers of the skin. We prepared dry-powder (Tg = 45.2 ± 0.5°C) microparticles (58.1 ?m) of a MenY-CRM197 glyconjugate vaccine (0.5% wt.) for intradermal needle-free powder injection (NFPI). SFD used ultrasound atomisation of the liquid vaccine-containing excipient feed, followed by lyophilisation above the glass transition temperature (Tg' = - 29.9 ± 0.3°C). This resulted in robust particles (density~ 0.53 ±0.09 g/cm3) with a narrow volume size distribution (mean diameter 58.1 ?m, and span = 1.2), and an impact parameter (?vr ~ 11.5 kg/m·s) sufficient to breach the Stratum corneum (sc). The trehalose, manitol, dextran (10 kDa), dextran (150 kDa) formulation, or TMDD (3:3:3:1), protected the MenY-CRM197 glyconjugate during SFD with minimal loss, no detectable chemical degradation or physical aggregation. In a capsular group Y Neisseria meningitidis serum bactericidal assay (SBA) with human serum complement, the needle free vaccine, which contained no alum adjuvant, induced functional protective antibody responses in vivo of similar magnitude to the conventional vaccine injected by hypodermic needle and syringe and containing alum adjuvant. These results demonstrate that needle-free vaccination is both technically and immunologically valid, and could be considered for vaccines in development.