Cellular and molecular gastroenterology and hepatology 20171014 1
The incidence of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is increasing. The pathophysiological mechanisms of NASH and the sequence of events leading to hepatic fibrosis are incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to gain insight into the dynamics of key molecular processes involved in NASH and to rank early markers for hepatic fibrosis.A time-course study in low-density lipoprotein-receptor knockout. Leiden mice on a high-fat diet was performed to identify the temporal dynamics of key pro ...[more]
Project description:Infliximab, an anti-TNFa monoclonal antibody, is an effective treatment for ulcerative colitis (UC) inducing over 60% of patients to respond to treatment. Consequently, about 40% of patients do not respond. This study analyzed mucosal gene expression from patients enrolled in ACT1 to provide a predictive response signature for infliximab treatment. Keywords: predictive response signature Overall design: Twenty-two patients underwent colonoscopy with biopsy before infliximab treatment. Response to infliximab was defined as endoscopic and histologic healing at week 8 (P2, 5, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 24, 27, 36, and 45 as responders; P3, 12, 13, 19, 28, 29, 32, 33, 34, and 47 as non-responders). Messenger RNA was isolated from pre-infliximab biopsies, labeled and hybridized to Affymetrix HGU133Plus_2.0 Array. The predictive response signature was verified by an independent data set.
Project description:We characterized the genetic copy number and expression differences between matched ovarian primary tumors and omental metastases. Differentially expressed genes revealed that metastases proliferate more and are less apoptotic. Differentially expressed genes revealed a predictive expression signature when applied to other gene expression datasets. 18 samples from 9 matched pairs of primary ovarian tumors and metastases from the omentum were collected.
Project description:The CCR2/CCR5 inhibitor cenicriviroc blocks infiltration of inflammatory monocytes into the liver, thereby reducing NASH progression and fibrosis. Overall design: The study demonstrates the hepatic accumulation of inflammatory CCR2+ macrophages in patients with NASH fibrosis and reveals that the dual CCR2/CCR5 inhibitor CVC effectively ameliorates steatohepatitis and fibrosis in mouse models by inhibiting the infiltration of monocytes during chronic liver injury. Thus, this study provides functional evidence for the successful therapeutic targeting of monocyte recruitment in steatohepatitis and fibrosis, mandating the clinical development of CCR2/CCR5 inhibitors in patients with NASH.
Project description:BCAA were administered to atherogenic and high-fat (Ath & HF) diet-induced nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) model mice and platelet-derived growth factor C transgenic mice (Pdgf-c Tg). Liver histology, tumor incidence, and gene expression profiles were evaluated. BCAA supplementation improved hepatic steatosis, inflammation, fibrosis, and tumors in the NASH mouse model, possibly through the modification of mTORC1 signaling. Overall design: Using the Ath & HF diet mouse model, we investigated the effects of BCAA on steatosis, inflammation, fibrosis, and hepatocarcinogenesis in NASH.
Project description:We applied a meta-analysis of datasets from seven different microarray studies on lung cancer for differentially expressed genes related to survival time (under 2 y and over 5 y). Systematic bias adjustment in the datasets was performed by distance-weighted discrimination (DWD). We identified a gene expression signature consisting of 64 genes that is highly predictive of which stage I lung cancer patients may benefit from more aggressive therapy. Experiment Overall Design: RNA was extracted from frozen tissue of primary stage I Non-Small Cell lung tumors for gene array analysis
Project description:Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which accounts for 90% of all primary livers tumors, is the fourth most common cancer in the world. The development of HCC is a long-term and complex process, and uncovering the molecular mechanisms associated with HCC development is critical for the disease diagnosis, prevention, and treatment. Exploring these mechanisms using human HCC samples is desirable, but frequently impractical, with a number of limitations and shortcomings. The STAMTM (Stelic Institute & Co, Tokyo, Japan) mouse model of NASH-associated liver carcinogenesis is considered a useful and relevant model for investigating the molecular pathogenesis of NASH-derived HCC. This model resembles the human HCC development associated with progression from simple steatosis to NASH, fibrosis, and HCC. In the present study, by using high-throughput whole genome microarrays (SurePrint G3 Mouse Gene Expression v2, 8x60K; Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, CA), we examined the transcriptomic profiles in the livers of STAMTM mice at different stages of liver carcinogenesis, including steatosis (6 week time interval), NASH (8 weeks), fibrotic stage (12 weeks), and in full-fledged HCC (20 weeks). The results of microarray analyses showed significant progressive changes in hepatic gene expression during the development of HCC. A total of 970, 1462, 2742, and 2857 of differentially expressed genes were identified in the livers at 6, 8, 12, and 20 weeks, respectively. Detailed analysis of these differentially expressed genes will benefit the understanding of the underlying mechanisms of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease-derived HCC. Transcriptomic profile in the liver of STAM mice at 6 weeks (steatosis; n=3), 8 weeks (steatohepatitis; n=3) 12 weeks (fibrosis; n=4) and 20 weeks (HCC-stage tumor tissue, n=4) weeks. Age-matched control samples were also analyzed.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE10128: Genomic copy number alterations as predictive markers of systemic recurrence in breast cancer GSE10129: Genomic copy number alterations as predictive markers of neoadjuvant chemotherapy response in breast cancer Refer to individual Series