Project description:This is the first report of the genome sequence of Trichosporon asahii environmental strain CBS 8904, which was isolated from maize cobs. Comparison of the genome sequence with that of clinical strain CBS 2479 revealed that they have >99% chromosomal and mitochondrial sequence identity, yet CBS 8904 has 368 specific genes. Analysis of clusters of orthologous groups predicted that 3,307 genes belong to 23 functional categories and 703 genes were predicted to have a general function.
Project description:A type strain of Lactarius deliciosus was obtained from the CBS-KNAW culture collection. The mycelium was cultured using potato dextrose agar, and the extracted genomic DNA was subjected to PacBio genome sequencing. Upon assembly and annotation, the genome size was estimated to be 54 Mbp, with 12,753 genes.
Project description:The MYB transcription factors (TFs) is a plant TF families, which involves in hormone signal transduction, and abiotic stress tolerance, etc. However, there are few studies on the MYB TFs family and its regulatory mechanism in Tamarix hispida. In this study, 14 MYB genes (named ThMYB1 - ThMYB14) were cloned and characterized from T. hispida. The transcription profiles of ThMYBs in T. hispida under different abiotic stress conditions were monitored using qRT-PCR. Most of studied ThMYBs were significantly downregulated and/or upregulated by salt and osmotic stress, ABA, GA3 and JA treatments in at least one organ. Especially, ThMYB13 was induced in the leaves and roots of T. hispida when exposed to NaCl treatment at all study periods, indicating that it may involve in salt stress. To further study ThMYB13 function, ThMYB13 overexpression and knock-down plants and control plants transformed with an empty pROKII were obtained using a transient transformation system. Overexpression of ThMYB13 in T. hispida displayed the lowest O2-, H2O2 and MDA accumulation, minimal cell death, the most stable K+/Na+ ratio and the lowest electrolyte leakage rate among the three kinds of transient expression in T. hispida. Conversely, the RNAi-silencing, transiently transformed plants displayed the opposite physiological changes. Therefore, ThMYB13 might play a role in salt stress tolerance in transgenic T. hispida plants.
Project description:Cystathionine ?-synthase (CBS)-deficient patients are prone to vascular thrombosis. In contrast, Cbs-/- mice show no abnormalities in blood coagulation. To identify molecular basis underlying these disparately different thrombotic phenotypes, we analyzed plasma proteomes of Cbs-/- vs. Cbs+/+ mice (8-month-old, 12/group, sex-matched) and CBS-/- vs. CBS+/+ humans (37?±?7-year-old, 10-14/group, sex-matched) using label-free mass spectrometry. We identified 117 and 41 differentiating plasma proteins in Cbs-/- mice and CBS-/- humans, respectively. Twenty-one proteins were shared between CBS-/- humans and Cbs-/- mice, with sixteen changed in the opposite direction. Proteins involved in blood coagulation and complement/coagulation cascades represented a greater fraction of the differentiating proteins in CBS-/- patients (51%) than in Cbs-/- mice (21%). Top canonical pathways, identified by Ingenuity Pathways Analysis, such as LXR/RXR, FXR/RXR activation (- log[P-value]?=?30-31) and atherosclerosis signaling (- log[P-value]?=?10-11) were similarly affected in Cbs-/- mice and CBS-/- humans. The Coagulation System was affected stronger in CBS-/- humans than in Cbs-/- mice (- log[P-value]?=?15 vs. 10, respectively) while acute phase response and complement system were affected stronger in Cbs-/- mice (- log[P-value]?=?33 and 22, respectively) than in humans (- log[P-value]?=?22 and 6, respectively). Other pathways, including IL-7 signaling and B cell development were affected only in Cbs-/- mice. Taken together, our findings suggest that differences in these processes, in particular in the Coagulation System, could account for the thrombotic phenotype in CBS-/- patients and the absence of thrombosis in Cbs-/- mice. Overall, our findings suggest that Cbs-/- mice have a better adaptive response to protect from prothrombotic effects of hyperhomocysteinemia than CBS-/- humans.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are a large family of antioxidant enzymes that respond to biotic and abiotic stress by decomposing reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, the stress tolerance function of the Th2CysPrx gene was further analysed. It lays a foundation for further studies on the salt tolerance molecular mechanism of T. hispida and improved salt tolerance via transgenic plants. RESULTS:In this study, the stress tolerance function of the Th2CysPrx gene was further analysed. The results of transgenic tobacco showed higher seed germination rates, root lengths, and fresh weight under salt stress than wild-type tobacco. Simultaneously, physiological indicators of transgenic tobacco and T. hispida showed that Th2CysPrx improved the activities of antioxidant enzymes and enhanced ROS removal ability to decrease cellular damage under salt stress. Moreover, Th2CysPrx improved the expression levels of four antioxidant genes (ThGSTZ1, ThGPX, ThSOD and ThPOD). CONCLUSIONS:Overall, these results suggested that Th2CysPrx enhanced the salt tolerance of the transgenic plants. These findings lay a foundation for further studies on the salt tolerance molecular mechanism of T. hispida and improved salt tolerance via transgenic plants.