Project description:The carbapenem resistance gene bla NDM-5 was identified in an Escherichia coli strain isolated from a dog. We report here the complete genome sequence of this E. coli strain; the bla NDM-5 gene was present on a large IncFII multidrug-resistant plasmid. This is the first bla NDM-5-carrying E. coli strain from an animal in the United States.
Project description:Escherichia coli is the most well-studied bacterium and a common colonizer of the lower mammalian gastrointestinal tract. We report here the complete genome sequence of the original Escherichia coli isolate, strain NCTC86, which was described by Theodor Escherich, for whom the genus is named.
Project description:We present the complete genome sequence of Escherichia coli ABWA45, a 16S rRNA methyltransferase-producing wastewater isolate. Assembly and annotation resulted in a 5,094,639-bp circular chromosome and four closed plasmids of 145,220 bp, 113,793 bp, 57,232 bp, and 47,900 bp in size. Furthermore, a small open plasmid (7,537 bp in size) was assembled.
Project description:We describe here the draft genome sequence and basic characteristics of Escherichia coli isolate INF13/18/A, which was isolated from Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) Hospital. This isolate was identified as an extended-spectrum ?-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli strain harboring the antimicrobial resistance genes TEM, CTX-M-1, and CTX-M-9.
Project description:Objective:A colistin-resistant Escherichia coli strain isolated from dog feces was characterized in this study. Methods and Results:A multiplex PCR assay was used to detect the presence of colistin-resistant mcr genes; it was found that E. coli QDFD216 co-harbored the mcr-1 and mcr-3 genes. Whole-genome sequencing and further bioinformatics analysis revealed that E. coli QDFD216 belonged to serotype O176:H11, fimH1311 type and ST132. The resistance genes bla CTX-M-14, mdfA, dfrA3, acrA, acrB, tolc, and sul3 were present in the chromosome. The mcr-1.1 and mcr-3.7 genes were located in two plasmids of different incompatibility groups. mcr-1.1 was carried by a IncX4-type plasmid within an typical IS26-parA-mcr-1.1-pap2 cassette, while mcr-3.7 was encoded by an IncP1-type plasmid with a genetic structure of TnAs2-mcr-3.7-dgkA-IS26. No additional antibiotic resistance genes were carried by either plasmid. Conclusion:This is the first report of an E. coli isolate co-harboring a mcr-1.1-carrying IncX4 plasmid and a mcr-3.7-carrying IncP1 plasmid. The evolution and mechanism of mcr gene co-existence need further study to assess its impact on public health.
Project description:We describe here the whole-genome sequence and basic characteristics of Escherichia coli isolate 15-AB01393, recovered from German beef within a national monitoring program in 2015. This isolate was identified as an extended-spectrum-?-lactamase-producing E. coli strain of multilocus sequence type (MLST) ST58 harboring the antimicrobial resistance genes blaCTX-M-1, mph(A), sul2, dfrA5, strA, and strB.
Project description:Purpose:New Delhi metallo-?-lactamase 5 (NDM-5) shows stronger resistance to carbapenems and broad-spectrum cephalosporins than NDM-1 because NDM-5 differs from NDM-1 by two amino acid substitutions. In this study, our aim was to characterize a NDM-5-producing Escherichia coli isolate KY1497 from a patient with urinary tract infection in Japan, who had no recent history of overseas travel. Patients and Methods:NDM-5-producing E. coli isolate KY1497 was detected in the urine sample of a patient hospitalized in a tertiary hospital in Japan. The complete genome sequence of isolate KY1497 was determined by short- and long-read sequencing with hybrid assembly, followed by multilocus sequence typing (MLST), core-genome phylogeny analysis, plasmid analysis, and transconjugation experiments. Results:KY1497 was classified as ST405 by MLST, and core-genome phylogeny exhibited the closest lineage to the clinical isolates in Nepal (IOMTU605) and Canada (FDAARGOS_448). KY1497 harbors bla NDM-5 in the IncFII-IncFIB(pB171) replicon plasmid (pKY1497_1, 123,767 base pairs). Plasmid analysis suggested that the cognate plasmids of pKY1497_1 have a minor plasmid background, rather than the globally disseminated IncX3 plasmid carrying bla NDM-5. Transconjugation analysis revealed that pKY1497_1 is transmissible to the recipient E. coli J53 strain. Conclusion:We characterized a novel Inc replicon plasmid (IncFII-IncFIB[pB171]) carrying bla NDM-5 and its host E. coli strain. NDMs are associated with a high risk of infection worldwide because of their antibiotic resistance and untreatable and hard-to-treat infections. Other patients in the hospital showed negative results for carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae. As NDM-producing strains are only sporadically detected in Japan, attention should be provided to the community prevalence of NDM-producing E. coli strains to prevent nosocomial infections.
Project description:We present the draft genome of Escherichia coli S51, a colistin-resistant extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing strain isolated in 2015 from raw chicken meat imported from Germany. Assembly and annotation of this draft genome resulted in a 4,994,918-bp chromosome and revealed a chromosomally encoded mcr-1 gene responsible for the colistin resistance of the strain.
Project description:Escherichia coli Mt1B1, a mouse isolate, is a facultative anaerobic bacterium which was shown to counteract Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium infection in a mouse model. In the present study, we describe the complete genome sequence of E. coli Mt1B1, composed of a 5.1-Mb chromosome and a 62.6-kb plasmid.
Project description:Our aim in this report was to describe the characteristics of the first clinical isolate of Escherichia coli (EC-PAG-733) harboring the mcr-1 gene found in Mexico. This isolate was obtained from a fecal sample from a young child with an oncological condition. We obtained the whole-genome sequence using next-generation sequencing and analyzed the sequence by bioinformatics tools. EC-PAG-733 was resistant to third- and fourth-generation cephalosporins and was susceptible to all carbapenems and amikacin; it was also resistant to ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, gentamicin and colistin at a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 4 ?g/mL. This isolate was classified as O11:H25-ST457. EC-PAG-733 harbored an ESBL type CTX-M-55 as well as several virulence factors that have been associated with Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC). The mcr-1 gene was located within an IncI2 plasmid. The results of this whole genome shotgun project were deposited in DDBJ/ENA/GenBank under the accession number QKXE00000000.