Project description:The total RNA were extracted from pooled tissues of leaves and flowers from several plants of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) using TRIzol reagent (Invitrogen) according to the manufacturer's instructions. Then small RNAs ranging in 18–30 nucleotides were size fractionated electrophoretically, isolated from the gel, ligated with the 5′ and 3′ RNA adapters. The ligated product was reverse transcribed and subsequently amplified using 10–12 PCR cycles. The purified PCR product was sequenced using Illumina Genome Analyzer II. The qualified reads were used to predict microRNAs and phased small interfering RNAs from chickpea. Identification of microRNAs and phased small inferfering RNAs in chickpea (Cicer arietinum) by analyzing small RNA sequencing profiles of leaves and flowers using Illumina GAII.
Project description:The emergence of epidemic fungal pathogenic resistance to current antifungal drugs has increased the interest in developing alternative antibiotics from natural sources. Cicer arietinum is well known for its medicinal properties. The aim of this work was to isolate antimicrobial proteins from Cicer arietinum. An antifungal protein, C-25, was isolated from Cicer arietinum and purified by gel filtration. C-25 protein was tested using agar diffusion method against human pathogenic fungi of ATCC strains and against clinical isolates of Candida krusei, Candida tropicalis, and Candida parapsilosis, and MIC values determined were varied from 1.56 to 12.5 ?g/mL. The SEM study demonstrated that C-25 induces the bleb-like surface changes, irregular cell surface, and cell wall disruption of the fungi at different time intervals. Cytotoxic activity was studied on oral cancer cells and normal cells. It also inhibits the growth of fungal strains which are resistant to fluconazole. It reduced the cell proliferation of human oral carcinoma cells at the concentration of 37.5 ?g/mL (IC50) and no toxic effect was found on normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells even at higher concentration of 600 ?g/mL. It can be concluded that C-25 can be considered as an effective antimycotic as well as antiproliferative agent against human oral cancer cells.
Project description:bHLH family of transcription factors play important role in regulating many cellular and physiological functions in plants. These proteins are also known to be involved in response to several abiotic stress types. Cicer arietinum is an important source of protein in food across the globe. Considerable differential expression in the bHLH family of proteins during heavy metal exposure in Cicer arietinum was observed by microarray data analysis. The study aimed to construct a Pearson coefficient correlation based network of bHLH coding genes in the plant. Microarray data of Cicer arietinum recorded under cadmium and chromium stress (GSE86807) from GEO at NCBI was used for analysis. The network constructed from expression data set of the 85 bHLH coding genes revealed 10 hub genes that are connected with topological genes. These hub genes are stress responsive genes that may also be regarded as the marker genes for heavy metal response. Our analysis reported a new set of reference genes (hub genes) that have potentially significant role in development of stress tolerant crops.
Project description:A priority in the management and use of elite plant materials for breeding has been based on molecular markers or DNA sequencing of entire genomes, in order to perform genetic differentiation which is still quite costly. Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is one of the species with genomic monotony and very low polymorphism, and its detection even with DNA markers has not been easy. In germplasm banks, the genetic distinction is a priority in order to use properly selected lines. In this study, 57 chickpea accessions from a germplasm bank were analyzed by using nrRAMP (non-radioactive Random Amplified Microsatellite Polymorphism) markers, and their genetic variability was determined. Our results showed DNA polymorphisms, which are enough to differentiate between the accessions and between C. arietinum and Cicer reticulatum (out-group); this last wild species is closely related to chickpea. We concluded that the nrRAMP technique was an effective and a highly useful method to assess the genetic diversity and variability among closely related plants, such as chickpea; in addition, this technique can be easily implemented in laboratories.
Project description:We report the complete genome sequence of Mesorhizobium ciceri strain CC1192, an efficient nitrogen-fixing microsymbiont of Cicer arietinum (chickpea). The genome consists of 6.94 Mb distributed between a single chromosome (6.29 Mb) and a plasmid (0.65 Mb).
Project description:Valine-glutamine (VQ) proteins are plant-specific proteins that play crucial roles in plant development as well as biotic and abiotic stress responses. VQ genes have been identified in various plants; however, there are no systematic reports in Cicer arietinum or Medicago truncatula. Herein, we identified 19 and 32 VQ genes in C. arietinum and M. truncatula, respectively. A total of these VQ genes were divided into eight groups (I-VIII) based on phylogenetic analysis. Gene structure analyses and motif patterns revealed that these VQ genes might have originated from a common ancestor. In silico analyses demonstrated that these VQ genes were expressed in different tissues. qRT-PCR analysis indicated that the VQ genes were differentially regulated during multiple abiotic stresses. This report presents the first systematic analysis of VQ genes from C. arietinum and M. truncatula and provides a solid foundation for further research of the specific functions of VQ proteins.
Project description:Microsomal membranes from Cicer arietinum (chick-pea) roots contained an ATP phosphohydrolase activity that could be solubilized by high-ionic-strength media. The enzyme has been purified to homogeneity by affinity and ion-exchange chromatography. It has the properties of an ATP diphosphohydrolase (apyrase, EC 188.8.131.52) that hydrolyses different nucleoside di- and tri-phosphates but has no activity towards monophosphoric esters and pyrophosphate. No stimulation by K+ could be demonstrated for either the membrane-bound or the purified enzyme, and therefore it would seem not to be related to the K+ -dependent ATPase postulated to mediate K+ transport in plants.
Project description:The lectin isolated from mature seeds of Cicer arietinum (CAL) agglutinates pronase-treated rabbit and human erythrocytes and its haemagglutination activity is inhibited by fetuin and desialated fetuin but not by simple monosaccharides or oligosaccharides. The purified lectin is a dimer of molecular weight 43,000 Da composed of two identical subunits (MW 21,500), as confirmed by SDS-PAGE. The lectin has been crystallized using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method at 295 K over a well solution containing 0.2 M sodium acetate, 0.1 M sodium phosphate buffer pH 6.5 and 14%(w/v) polyethylene glycol 8000. The triangular prism-shaped crystals belong to space group R3 and have unit-cell parameters a = b = 81.2, c = 69.4 A. The diffraction data are 93.8% complete to 2.3 A Bragg spacing with an Rmerge of 0.103.