Project description:Naringenin, a natural flavonoid widely found in citrus fruits, has been reported to possess anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and hepatoprotective properties as a natural dietary supplement. However, the regulatory mechanism of naringenin in human liver remains unclear. In the present study, messenger RNA sequencing (mRNA-seq), microRNA sequencing (miRNA-seq), and real-time qPCR were used to distinguish the expression differences between control and naringenin-treated HepaRG cells. We obtained 1037 differentially expressed mRNAs and 234 miRNAs. According to the target prediction and integration analysis in silico, we found 20 potential miRNA-mRNA pairs involved in liver metabolism. This study is the first to provide a perspective of miRNA-mRNA interactions in the regulation of naringenin via an integrated analysis of mRNA-seq and miRNA-seq in HepaRG cells, which further characterizes the nutraceutical value of naringenin as a food additive.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Duck hepatitis A virus type 3 (DHAV-3) is one of the most harmful pathogens in the duck industry. However, the molecular mechanism underlying DHAV-3 infection in ducklings remains poorly understood. To study the genetic regulatory network for miRNA-mRNA and the signaling pathways involved in DHAV-3 infection in ducklings, we conducted global miRNA and mRNA expression profiling of duckling liver tissues infected with lethal DHAV-3 by high-throughput sequencing. RESULTS:We found 156 differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) and 7717 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in livers of mock-infected and DHAV-3-infected duckling. A total of 19,606 miRNA-mRNA pairs with negatively correlated expression patterns were identified in miRNA-mRNA networks constructed on the basis of these DEMs and DEGs. Moreover, immune-related pathways, including the cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, apoptosis, Toll-like receptor, Jak-STAT, and RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathway, were significantly enriched through analyzing functions of mRNAs in the network in response to DHAV-3 infection. Furthermore, apl-miR-32-5p, apl-miR-125-5p, apl-miR-128-3p, apl-miR-460-5p, and novel-m0012-3p were identified as potential regulators in the immune-related signaling pathways during DHAV-3 infection. And some host miRNAs were predicted to target the DHAV-3 genome. CONCLUSIONS:This is the first integrated analysis of miRNA and mRNA in DHAV-3-infected ducklings. The results indicated the important roles of miRNAs in regulating immune response genes and revealed the immune related miRNA-mRNA regulation network in the DHAV-3-infected duckling liver. These findings increase our knowledge of the roles of miRNAs and their target genes in DHAV-3 replication and pathogenesis. They also aid in the understanding of host-virus interactions.
Project description:Pelteobagrus vachelli is a well-known commercial species in Asia. However, a sudden lack of oxygen will result in mortality and eventually to pond turnover. Studying the molecular mechanisms of hypoxia adaptation in fishes will not only help us to understand fish speciation and the evolution of the hypoxia-signaling pathway, but will also guide us in the breeding of hypoxia-tolerant fish strains. Despite this, the genetic regulatory network for miRNA-mRNA and the signaling pathways involved in hypoxia responses in fish have remained unexamined. In the present study, we used next-generation sequencing technology to characterise mRNA-seq and miRNA-seq of control- and hypoxia-treated P. vachelli livers to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of hypoxia adaptation. We were able to find miRNA-mRNA pairs using bioinformatics analysis and miRNA prediction algorithms. Furthermore, we compared several key pathways which were identified as involved in the hypoxia response of P. vachelli. Our study is the first report on integrated analysis of mRNA-seq and miRNA-seq in fishes and offers a deeper insight into the molecular mechanisms of hypoxia adaptation. qRT-PCR analysis further confirmed the results of mRNA-Seq and miRNA-Seq analysis. We provide a good case study for analyzing mRNA/miRNA expression and profiling a non-model fish species using next-generation sequencing technology.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>The established role miRNA-mRNA regulation of gene expression has in oncogenesis highlights the importance of integrating miRNA with downstream mRNA targets. These findings call for investigations aimed at identifying disease-associated miRNA-mRNA pairs. Hierarchical integrative models (HIM) offer the opportunity to uncover the relationships between disease and the levels of different molecules measured in multiple omic studies.<h4>Methods</h4>The HIM model we formulated for analysis of mRNA-seq and miRNA-seq data can be specified with two levels: (1) a mechanistic submodel relating mRNAs to miRNAs, and (2) a clinical submodel relating disease status to mRNA and miRNA, while accounting for the mechanistic relationships in the first level.<h4>Results</h4>mRNA-seq and miRNA-seq data were acquired by analysis of tumor and normal liver tissues from 30 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We analyzed the data using HIM and identified 157 significant miRNA-mRNA pairs in HCC. The majority of these molecules have already been independently identified as being either diagnostic, prognostic, or therapeutic biomarker candidates for HCC. These pairs appear to be involved in processes contributing to the pathogenesis of HCC involving inflammation, regulation of cell cycle, apoptosis, and metabolism. For further evaluation of our method, we analyzed miRNA-seq and mRNA-seq data from TCGA network. While some of the miRNA-mRNA pairs we identified by analyzing both our and TCGA data are previously reported in the literature and overlap in regulation and function, new pairs have been identified that may contribute to the discovery of novel targets.<h4>Conclusion</h4>The results strongly support the hypothesis that miRNAs are important regulators of mRNAs in HCC. Furthermore, these results emphasize the biological relevance of studying miRNA-mRNA pairs.
Project description:To investigate the role of viral and host factors in acute liver failure, we analyzed serum and multiple liver specimens obtained at the time of liver transplantation from four well-characterized patients. We carried out an integrated clinicopathological analysis, gene and microRNA expression profiling, next-generation sequencing, antibody-displaying phage libraries, and in vitro functional analysis of HBV variants. Liver samples were obtained from 4 patients with HBV-associated acute liver failure (ALF), 10 liver donors and 7 subjects who underwent hepatic resection for liver angioma. As this is the continuation of a previous study (Title: Integrated ordination of miRNA and mRNA expression profiles; Authors: Diaz et al.) miRNA (microRNA) data are already available at the Gene Expression Omnibus (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo) under the accession number GSE62037. The present submission concerns only mRNA data. This dataset is part of the TransQST collection.
Project description:Liver fibrosis results from the imbalance between extracellular matrix (ECM) production and degradation, which is a common pathological consequence of various chronic liver diseases. Although many miRNAs have been reported in liver fibrosis progression, miRNA-mRNA interactions in its reversal process remain to be elucidated. In the current study, we performed an integrated analysis of miRNA and mRNA expression profiles in the mouse model with the spontaneous reversal potency of liver fibrosis. A total of 102 miRNA and 2,845 mRNAs showed significant differential expression in reversal mice compared to fibrotic mice. Moreover, 3,769 putative negatively correlated miRNA-mRNA pairs were revealed to be potentially implicated in the biological function regulation of small molecule metabolism and ECM organization. By integrating miRNA-mRNA regulatory networks, mmu-miR-1843a-5p, mmu-miR-193a-5p, mmu-miR-194-2-3p, and mmu-miR-30c-2-3p were identified as lysyl oxidases-specific miRNAs that were correlated with fibrosis reversal. Our results provided potential candidate targets for the treatment of liver fibrosis.
Project description:Using next-generation sequencing to decipher the molecular mechanisms underlying aberrant rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASF) activation, we performed transcriptome-wide RNA-seq and small RNA-seq on synovial fibroblasts from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) subject and normal donor. Differential expression of mRNA and miRNA was integrated with interaction analysis, functional annotation, regulatory network mapping and experimentally verified miRNA-target interaction data, further validated with microarray expression profiles. In this study, 3049 upregulated mRNA and 3552 downregulated mRNA, together with 50 upregulated miRNA and 35 downregulated miRNA in RASF were identified. Interaction analysis highlighted contribution of miRNA to altered transcriptome. Functional annotation revealed metabolic deregulation and oncogenic signatures of RASF. Regulatory network mapping identified downregulated FOXO1 as master transcription factor resulting in altered transcriptome of RASF. Differential expression in three miRNA and corresponding targets (hsa-miR-31-5p:WASF3, hsa-miR-132-3p:RB1, hsa-miR-29c-3p:COL1A1) were also validated. The interactions of these three miRNA-target genes were experimentally validated with past literature. Our transcriptomic and miRNA interactomic investigation identified gene signatures associated with RASF and revealed the involvement of transcription factors and miRNA in an altered transcriptome. These findings help facilitate our understanding of RA with the hope of serving as a springboard for further discoveries relating to the disease.
Project description:Water-deficit stress negatively affects wheat yield and quality. Abiotic stress on parental plants during reproduction may have transgenerational effects on progeny. Here we investigated the transgenerational influence of pre-anthesis water-deficit stress by detailed analysis of the yield components, grain quality traits, and physiological traits in durum wheat. Next-generation sequencing analysis profiled the small RNA-omics, mRNA transcriptomics, and mRNA degradomics in first generation progeny. Parental water-deficit stress had positive impacts on the progeny for traits including harvest index and protein content in the less stress-tolerant variety. Small RNA-seq identified 1739 conserved and 774 novel microRNAs (miRNAs). Transcriptome-seq characterised the expression of 66,559 genes while degradome-seq profiled the miRNA-guided mRNA cleavage dynamics. Differentially expressed miRNAs and genes were identified, with significant regulatory patterns subject to trans- and inter-generational stress. Integrated analysis using three omics platforms revealed significant biological interactions between stress-responsive miRNA and targets, with transgenerational stress tolerance potentially contributed via pathways such as hormone signalling and nutrient metabolism. Our study provides the first confirmation of the transgenerational effects of water-deficit stress in durum wheat. New insights gained at the molecular level indicate that key miRNA-mRNA modules are candidates for transgenerational stress improvement.
Project description:<i>Capsicum annuum</i> is also known as chili which is one of the most important vegetable crops grown in the world. Breeding new varieties with heterosis could improve the quality of pepper, increase yield, growth potential, disease resistance, adaptability, and seed viability. To investigate the heterosis among three cross combinations of different parents, the mRNA-miRNA integrated analysis was performed. A total number of 22,659,009 to 36,423,818 clean data were generated from mRNA-seq with 81 libraries, and the unique mapped reads were from 35,495,567 (86.81%) to 46,466,622 (88.95%). The plant-hormone signal transduction pathway (40 genes) was detected with a higher DEG number. The <i>SAUR32L, GID1, PYR1, EIN2. ERF1, PR1, JAR1-like, IAA</i> from this pathway play a key role in plant development. From the miRNA-seq, the number of clean reads was ranging from 12,132,221 to 25,632,680. A total of 220 miRNAs were predicted in this study, and all of them were identified as novel miRNA. The top three candidate KEGG pathways of miRNA were ribosome signaling pathway (13 miRNAs), spliceosome pathway (13 miRNAs), and plant hormone signal transduction pathways (10 miRNAs). With the mRNA and miRNA integrated analysis, we found some key genes were regulated by some miRNAs. Among them, the scarecrow-like 6 protein can be up or down regulated by mir8, mir120, mir184, mir_214, mir125, and mir130. The function of Della protein was regulated by mir24, mir74, mir94, mir139, and mir190. This study contributes to understanding how heterosis regulates the traits, such as crop production, fruit weight, and fruit length.
Project description:Pathologic alterations in epigenetic regulation have long been considered a hallmark of many cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In a healthy individual, the relationship between DNA methylation and microRNA (miRNA) expression maintains a fine balance; however, disruptions in this harmony can aid in the genesis of cancer or the propagation of existing cancers. The balance between DNA methylation and microRNA expression and its potential disturbance in HCC can vary by race. There is emerging evidence linking epigenetic events including DNA methylation and miRNA expression to cancer disparities. In this paper, we evaluate the epigenetic mechanisms of racial heterogenity in HCC through an integrated analysis of DNA methylation, miRNA, and combined regulation of gene expression. Specifically, we generated DNA methylation, mRNA-seq, and miRNA-seq data through the analysis of tumor and adjacent non-tumor liver tissues from African Americans (AA) and European Americans (EA) with HCC. Using mixed ANOVA, we identified cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) sites, mRNAs, and miRNAs that are significantly altered in HCC vs. adjacent non-tumor tissue in a race-specific manner. We observed that the methylome was drastically changed in EA with a significantly larger number of differentially methylated and differentially expressed genes than in AA. On the other hand, the miRNA expression was altered to a larger extent in AA than in EA. Pathway analysis functionally linked epigenetic regulation in EA to processes involved in immune cell maturation, inflammation, and vascular remodeling. In contrast, cellular proliferation, metabolism, and growth pathways are found to predominate in AA as a result of this epigenetic analysis. Furthermore, through integrative analysis, we identified significantly differentially expressed genes in HCC with disparate epigenetic regulation, associated with changes in miRNA expression for AA and DNA methylation for EA.