Project description:PURPOSE:To describe a five-grade classification of ectopia lentis in Marfan syndrome (MFS) and to evaluate the positive predictive value of the early grades of ectopia lentis. METHODS:We prospectively included MFS patients and their healthy relatives. The anterior segment examination was classified into grades 0 to 5, and we studied the sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value of ectopia lentis in this classification. RESULTS:Seventy-four MFS patients and thirty-six healthy controls were examined. In the MFS group, grades 1, 2, 3, and 4 were present in 15, 24, 17, and 7 patients, respectively, whereas 11 patients in this group did not present ectopia lentis. In the control group, grades 0 and 1 were observed in 30 and 6 individuals, respectively. Sensitivity to ectopia lentis of at least grade 2 was 64.9%, with 100% specificity, whereas sensitivity to ectopia lentis of at least grade 1 was 85.1%, with 83.3% specificity. The positive predictive value of ectopia lentis that was greater than or equal to grade 2 was 100%, whereas that of ectopia lentis greater than or equal to grade 1 was 91.3%. CONCLUSION:High positive predictive values s were found to be associated with grades 2 and higher of the five-grade classification of ectopia lentis. This classification should help to harmonize clinical practices for this major feature of MFS.
Project description:Ectopia lentis is a genetically heterogeneous condition that is characterized by the subluxation of the lens resulting from the disruption of the zonular fibers. Patients with ectopia lentis commonly present with a marked loss in visual acuity in addition to a number of possibly accompanying ocular complications including cataract, myopia, and retinal detachment. We here describe an isolated form of ectopia lentis in a large inbred family that shows autosomal-recessive inheritance. We map the ectopia lentis locus in this family to the pericentromeric region on chromosome 1 (1p13.2-q21.1). The linkage region contains well more than 60 genes. Mutation screening of four candidate genes revealed a homozygous nonsense mutation in exon 11 of ADAMTSL4 (p.Y595X; c.1785T-->G) in all affected individuals that is absent in 380 control chromosomes. The mutation would result in a truncated protein of half the original length, if the mRNA escapes nonsense-mediated decay. We conclude that mutations in ADAMTSL4 are responsible for autosomal-recessive simple ectopia lentis and that ADAMTS-like4 plays a role in the development and/or integrity of the zonular fibers.