Project description:A polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium designated strain Ca6, a member of the family Rhodocyclaceae and a representative of the uncharacterized pyrene group 1 (PG1), was isolated and its genome sequenced. The presence of several genes suspected to be associated with PG1 was confirmed, and additional genes for aromatic compound metabolism were detected.
Project description:A bacterial strain designated Ca6T was isolated from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-contaminated soil from the site of a former manufactured gas plant in Charlotte, NC, USA, and linked phylogenetically to the family Rhodocyclaceae of the class Betaproteobacteria. Its 16S rRNA gene sequence was highly similar to globally distributed environmental sequences, including those previously designated 'Pyrene Group 1' demonstrated to grow on the PAHs phenanthrene and pyrene by stable-isotope probing. The most closely related described relative was Sulfuritalea hydrogenivorans strain sk43HT (93.6?% 16S rRNA gene sequence identity). In addition to a limited number of organic acids, Ca6T was capable of growth on the monoaromatic compounds benzene and toluene, and the azaarene carbazole, as sole sources of carbon and energy. Growth on the PAHs phenanthrene and pyrene was also confirmed. Optimal growth was observed aerobically under mesophilic temperature, neutral pH and low salinity conditions. Major fatty acids present included summed feature 3 (C16?:?1?7c or C16?:?1?6c) and C16?:?0. The DNA G+C content of the single chromosome was 55.14? mol% as determined by complete genome sequencing. Due to its distinct genetic and physiological properties, strain Ca6T is proposed as a member of a novel genus and species within the family Rhodocyclaceae, for which the name Rugosibacter aromaticivorans gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the species is Ca6T (=ATCC TSD-59T=DSM 103039T).
Project description:Azoarcus sp. strain PA01(T) belongs to the genus Azoarcus, of the family Rhodocyclaceae within the class Betaproteobacteria. It is a facultatively anaerobic, mesophilic, non-motile, Gram-stain negative, non-spore-forming, short rod-shaped bacterium that was isolated from a wastewater treatment plant in Constance, Germany. It is of interest because of its ability to degrade o-phthalate and a wide variety of aromatic compounds with nitrate as an electron acceptor. Elucidation of the o-phthalate degradation pathway may help to improve the treatment of phthalate-containing wastes in the future. Here, we describe the features of this organism, together with the draft genome sequence information and annotation. The draft genome consists of 4 contigs with 3,908,301 bp and an overall G?+?C content of 66.08 %. Out of 3,712 total genes predicted, 3,625 genes code for proteins and 87 genes for RNAs. The majority of the protein-encoding genes (83.51 %) were assigned a putative function while those remaining were annotated as hypothetical proteins.
Project description:The availability of oxygen is often a limiting factor for the degradation of aromatic hydrocarbons in subsurface environments. However, while both aerobic and anaerobic degraders have been intensively studied, degradation betwixt, under micro- or hypoxic conditions has rarely been addressed. It is speculated that in environments with limited, but sustained oxygen supply, such as in the vicinity of groundwater monitoring wells, hypoxic degradation may take place. A large diversity of subfamily I.2.C extradiol dioxygenase genes has been previously detected in a BTEX-contaminated aquifer in Hungary. Older literature suggests that such catabolic potentials could be associated to hypoxic degradation. Bacterial communities dominated by members of the Rhodocyclaceae were found, but the majority of the detected C23O genotypes could not be affiliated to any known bacterial degrader lineages. To address this, a stable isotope probing (SIP) incubation of site sediments with 13C7-toluene was performed under microoxic conditions. A combination of 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing and T-RFLP fingerprinting of C23O genes from SIP gradient fractions revealed the central role of degraders within the Rhodocyclaceae in hypoxic toluene degradation. The main assimilators of 13C were identified as members of the genera Quatrionicoccus and Zoogloea, and a yet uncultured group of the Rhodocyclaceae.