Project description:The taxonomic classification of 182 phenotypically similar isolates was evaluated using DNA-DNA hybridization and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. These bacterial isolates were mainly derived from clinical sources; all were Gram-negative non-fermenters and most were indole-producing. Phenotypically, they resembled species from the genera Chryseobacterium, Elizabethkingia or Empedobacter or belonged to CDC groups IIc, IIe, IIh and IIi. Based on these analyses, four novel species are described: Chryseobacterium bernardetii sp. nov. (type strain NCTC 13530(T)?=?CCUG 60564(T)?=?CDC G229(T)), Chryseobacterium carnis sp. nov. (type strain NCTC 13525(T)?=?CCUG 60559(T)?=?CDC G81(T)), Chryseobacterium lactis sp. nov. (type strain NCTC 11390(T)?=?CCUG 60566(T)?=?CDC KC1864(T)) and Chryseobacterium nakagawai sp. nov. (type strain NCTC 13529(T)?=?CCUG 60563(T)?=?CDC G41(T)). The new combination Chryseobacterium taklimakanense comb. nov. (type strain NCTC 13490(T)?=?X-65(T)?=?CCTCC AB 208154(T)?=?NRRL B-51322(T)) is also proposed to accommodate the reclassified Planobacterium taklimakanense.
Project description:Yellow-pigmented, circular bacteria (strain SNU WT7) were isolated from the liver of moribund eastern catfish (Silurus asotus). Our study focused on the taxonomic description of SNU WT7 using phylogenetic, phenotypic, and chemotaxonomic analyses. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the SNU WT7 strain was highly similar to that of Chryseobacterium haifense H38T (97.29% similarity), followed by Chryseobacterium hominis P2K6T (97.22% similarity), while other species exhibited similarity values of less than 97.0%. The genome of strain SNU WT7 displayed average nucleotide identity and genome-to-genome distance values of 72.35% and 22.0%, respectively, which clearly indicated that the novel species was distant from the other Chryseobacterium species, with its closest relative being C. haifense H38T. Furthermore, the phenotypic characteristics, including acid production from glucose, D-fructose, lactose, and maltose, of strain SNU WT 7 differed from those of C. haifense H38T. The major polar lipid of the strain was phosphatidylethanolamine, and several unidentified aminolipids and lipids were also present. Similar to other Chryseobacterium species, the quinone system was composed mainly of MK-6. The genome of SNU WT7 is 2,690,367 bp with a G + C content of 43.6%. Taken together, our data indicate that the isolate SNU WT7 represents a novel species of the genus Chryseobacterium. Thus, we present the name Chryseobacterium siluri sp. nov. for the novel type strain SNU WT7T (KCTC 72626, JCM 33707).
Project description:We report the draft genome sequence of Chryseobacterium sp. JV274. This strain was isolated from the rhizosphere of maize during a greenhouse experiment. JV274 harbors genes involved in flexirubin production (darA and darB genes), bacterial competition (type VI secretion system), and gliding (bacterial motility; type IX secretion system).
Project description:Two Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, gliding, catalase-positive, and facultative anaerobic strains, YLOS41T and XH07, were isolated from surface water of Yilong Lake and West Lake of Dali in Yunnan Province, respectively. Both strains were yellow-colored under light conditions and white-colored under dark conditions. The results of physiological and chemotaxonomic characterization, sequencing and phylogenetic analysis, and draft genome sequence comparison demonstrated that the two strains represented a single novel species within the genus Chryseobacterium, for which the name Chryseobacterium lacus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YLOS41T (= KCTC 62352T = MCCC 1H00300T), and the second strain is XH07 (= KCTC 62993). During the cultivation process, we found that the colony color of the two strains changed from white to yellow with illumination. The study investigated the effects of light irradiation on the strain YLOS41T. Results showed that light irradiation did not affect the growth of cells but significantly increased carotenoid synthesis, which caused the change of colony color. In-depth metabolic analysis was conducted by transcriptome. The predominant changes were found for genes involved in carotenoid synthesis as protection from light damage. Based on the genome and transcriptome, we proved that strain YLOS41T possessed a complete synthetic pathway of carotenoid and speculated that the production was zeaxanthin. This was the first report of Chryseobacterium species with light-induced carotenoid synthesis. This study enhances our present knowledge on how Chryseobacterium species isolated from surface water responds to light damage.
Project description:Chryseobacterium sp. strain StRB126 was isolated from a potato root and showed N-acylhomoserine lactone-degrading activity. Here, we present the complete 5,503,743-bp genome sequence of StRB126, which has a G+C content of 35.6% and carries 4,828 protein-coding genes, six rRNA operons, and 80 tRNA genes.
Project description:For the first time, we report the whole-genome sequence analysis of Chryseobacterium oranimense G311, a multidrug-resistant bacterium, from a cystic fibrosis patient in France, including resistance to colistin. Whole-genome sequencing of C. oranimense G311 was performed using Ion Torrent PGM, and RAST, the EMBL-EBI server, and the Antibiotic Resistance Gene-ANNOTation (ARG-ANNOT) database were used for annotation of all genes, including antibiotic resistance (AR) genes. General features of the C. oranimense G311 draft genome were compared to the other available genomes of Chryseobacterium gleum and Chryseobacterium sp. strain CF314. C. oranimense G311 was found to be resistant to all β-lactams, including imipenem, and to colistin. The genome size of C. oranimense G311 is 4,457,049 bp in length, with 37.70% GC content. We found 27 AR genes in the genome, including β-lactamase genes which showed little similarity to the known β-lactamase genes and could likely be novel. We found the type I polyketide synthase operon followed by a zeaxanthin glycosyltransferase gene in the genome, which could impart the yellow pigmentation of the isolate. We located the O-antigen biosynthesis cluster, and we also discovered a novel capsular polysaccharide biosynthesis cluster. We also found known mutations in the orthologs of the pmrA (E8D), pmrB (L208F and P360Q), and lpxA (G68D) genes. We speculate that the presence of the capsular cluster and mutations in these genes could explain the resistance of this bacterium to colistin. We demonstrate that whole-genome sequencing was successfully applied to decipher the resistome of a multidrug resistance bacterium associated with cystic fibrosis patients.
Project description:The genus Chryseobacterium was formally established in 1994 and contains 112 species with validly published names. Most of these species are yellow or orange coloured, and contain a flexirubin-type pigment. The genomes of 83 of these 112 species have been sequenced in view of their importance in clinical microbiology and potential applications in biotechnology. The National Center for Biotechnology Information taxonomy browser lists 1415 strains as members of the genus Chryseobacterium , of which the genomes of 94 strains have been sequenced. In this study, by comparing the 16S rDNA and the deduced proteome sequences, at least 20 of these strains have been proposed to represent novel species of the genus Chryseobacterium . Furthermore, a yellow-coloured bacterium isolated from dry soil in the USA (and identified as Flavobacterium sp. strain B-14859) has also been reconciled as a novel member of the genus Chryseobacterium based on the analysis of 16S rDNA sequences and the presence of flexirubin. Yet another bacterium (isolated from a water sample collected in the Western Ghats of India and identified as Chryseobacterium sp. strain WG4) was also found to represent a novel species. These proposals need to be validated using polyphasic taxonomic approaches.
Project description:N-Acetyltransferase from Chryseobacterium sp. strain 5-3B is an acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA)-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the enantioselective transfer of an acetyl group from acetyl-CoA to the amino group of l-2-phenylglycine to produce (2S)-2-acetylamino-2-phenylacetic acid. We purified the enzyme from strain 5-3B and deduced the N-terminal amino acid sequence. The gene, designated natA, was cloned with two other hypothetical protein genes; the three genes probably form a 2.5-kb operon. The deduced amino acid sequence of NatA showed high levels of identity to sequences of putative N-acetyltransferases of Chryseobacterium spp. but not to other known arylamine and arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferases. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that NatA forms a distinct lineage from known N-acetyltransferases. We heterologously expressed recombinant NatA (rNatA) in Escherichia coli and purified it. rNatA showed high activity for l-2-phenylglycine and its chloro- and hydroxyl-derivatives. The Km and Vmax values for l-2-phenylglycine were 0.145 ± 0.026 mM and 43.6 ± 2.39 μmol · min(-1) · mg protein(-1), respectively. The enzyme showed low activity for 5-aminosalicylic acid and 5-hydroxytryptamine, which are reported as good substrates of a known arylamine N-acetyltransferase and an arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase. rNatA had a comparatively broad acyl donor specificity, transferring acyl groups to l-2-phenylglycine and producing the corresponding 2-acetylamino-2-phenylacetic acids (relative activity with acetyl donors acetyl-CoA, propanoyl-CoA, butanoyl-CoA, pentanoyl-CoA, and hexanoyl-CoA, 100:108:122:10:<1).