Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 20110228 11
Molecular data on a limited number of chromosomal loci have shown that the population of Neisseria meningitidis (Nm), a deadly human pathogen, is structured in distinct lineages. Given that the Nm population undergoes substantial recombination, the mechanisms resulting in the evolution of these lineages, their persistence in time, and the implications for the pathogenicity of the bacterium are not yet completely understood. Based on whole-genome sequencing, we show that Nm is structured in phylo ...[more]
Project description:Microarray comparative genome hybridization (mCGH) data was collected from one Neisseria cinerea, two Neisseria lactamica, two Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and 48 Neisseria meningitidis isolates. For N. meningitidis, these isolates are from diverse clonal complexes, invasive and carriage strains, and all major serogroups. The microarray platform represented N. meningitidis strains MC58, Z2491, and FAM18 and N. gonorrhoeae FA1090.
Project description:Neisseria meningitidis is an obligate commensal colonising the human nasopharynx and occasionally invades the bloodstream causing life-threatening meningitis and septicaemia. The gene NMB0419 on the genome of N. meningitidis MC58 encodes a putative Sel1-like repeat (SLR) containing protein, which has been implicated in mediating meningococcal invasion of epithelial cells. We prepared RNA samples from N. meningitidis MC58 (WT) and its isogenic mutant of NMB0419 grown to log phase in in-vitro culture. The RNA samples were subjected to RNA sequencing. The resulting transcriptomes were compared to determine the genes that differentially expressed in NMB0419 mutant. Overall design: RNA samples werer prepared from three biological replicates for NMB0419 mutant strain and wild type (WT) MC58 strain and were subjected to paired comparison between NMB0419 mutant and WT strain.
Project description:Wild type Neisseria gonorrhoea strain FA1090 and N. meningitidis strain MC58 were grown on normal GC plate at either 35 degree celsius (for control samples) or 40 degree celsius (for test samples)
Project description:The zur regulon in Neisseria meningitidis was elucidated in the strain MC58 using a zur knockout strain and conditions which activate Zur ( zinc supplementation in the medium) Common reference design, zur knock out strain was used as the common reference and the samples wild type strain grown in RPMI and in RPMI with Zinc supplementation were compared to the common reference.
Project description:In Neisseria meningitidis iron responsive gene regulation is mediated primarily by the Ferric Uptake Regulator (Fur) protein. When complexed with iron, Fur represses gene expression by preventing transcription initiation. Fur can also indirectly activate gene expression via the repression of regulatory small RNAs (sRNA). One such Fur-and iron-regulated sRNA, NrrF, was previously identified in N. meningitidis and shown to repress expression of the sdhA and sdhC genes encoding subunits of the succinate dehydrogenase complex. In the majority of Gram-negative bacteria sRNA-mediated regulation requires a cofactor RNA-binding protein (Hfq) for proper gene regulation and stabilization. In this study we examined the role of Hfq in NrrF-mediated regulation of the succinate dehydrogenase genes in N. meningitidis and the effect of an hfq- mutation on iron-responsive gene regulation more broadly. We first demonstrated that the stability of Nrrf as well as the regulation of sdhC and sdhA in vivo was unaltered in the hfq- mutant. Secondly, we established that iron responsive gene regulation of the Fur-regulated sodB gene was dependent on Hfq. Finally, we demonstrate that in N. meningitidis Hfq functions to control expression of both ORFs and intergenic regions via iron independent mechanisms. Collectively these studies demonstrate that in N. meningitidis iron and NrrF mediated regulation of sdhC and sdhA can occur independently of Hfq, although Hfq functions more globally to control regulation of other N. meningitidis genes primarily by iron-independent mechanisms. Overall design: RNA was isolated from wild-type MC58 Neisseria meningitidis, from an hfq- mutant, and from a complemented hfq- mutant under both iron-replete and iron-deplete conditions. Three biological replicates were analyzed for each strain and condition were analyzed.
Project description:Transcriptome analysis of Neisseria meningitidis exposed to physiologically relevant stress signals (e.g. heat shock, oxidative stress, iron and carbon source limitation) and identification of sRNAs resulting differentially expressed in vitro.
Project description:Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B is a pathogen that can infect diverse sites within the human host. According to the N. meningitidis genomic information and experimental observations glucose can be completely catabolized through the Entner-Doudoroff pathway and the pentose phosphate pathway. The Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway is not functional, because the gene for phosphofructokinase is not present. The phylogenetic distribution of phosphofructokinase indicates that in most obligate aerobic organisms PFK is lacking. We conclude that this is because of the limited contribution of PFK to the energy supply in aerobically grown organisms in comparison with the energy generated through oxidative phosphorylation. Under anaerobic or microaerobic conditions the available energy is limiting and PFK provides an advantage, which explains the presence of PFK in many (facultative) anaerobic organisms. In accordance with this, in silico flux balance analysis predicted an increase of biomass yield as a result of PFK expression. However, analysis of a genetically engineered N. meningitidis strain that expresses a heterologous phosphofructokinase showed that the yield of biomass on substrate decreased in comparison with a pfkA deficient control strain, which was associated mainly with an increase in CO2 production, whereas production of by-products was comparable between the two strains. This might explain why the pfkA gene has not been obtained by horizontal gene transfer, since it is initially unfavourable for biomass yield. No large effects related to heterologous expression of pfkA were observed in the transcriptome. Although our results suggest that introduction of PFK does not contribute to a more efficient strain in terms of biomass yield, achievement of a robust, optimal metabolic network that enables a higher growth rate or a higher biomass yield, might be possible after adaptive evolution of the strain, which remains to be investigated. Overall design: Two-condition experiment, 3 replicates per condition