Project description:Strain 768-28 was isolated from a hot spring in Kamchatka, Russia, and represents a novel member of the Vulcanisaeta genus. The complete genome sequence of this thermoacidophilic anaerobic crenarchaeon reveals genes for protein and carbohydrate-active enzymes, the Embden-Meyerhof and Entner-Doudoroff pathways for glucose metabolism, the tricarboxylic acid cycle, beta-oxidation of fatty acids, and sulfate reduction.
Project description:Vulcanisaeta distributa Itoh et al. 2002 belongs to the family Thermoproteaceae in the phylum Crenarchaeota. The genus Vulcanisaeta is characterized by a global distribution in hot and acidic springs. This is the first genome sequence from a member of the genus Vulcanisaeta and seventh genome sequence in the family Thermoproteaceae. The 2,374,137 bp long genome with its 2,544 protein-coding and 49 RNA genes is a part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteriaand Archaea project.
Project description:Phosphotriesterase-like lactonases (PLLs) are native lactonases that are capable of hydrolyzing lactones such as aliphatic lactones or acyl-homoserine lactones, which are involved in bacterial quorum sensing. Previously characterized PLLs are moreover endowed with a promiscuous phosphotriesterase activity and are therefore able to detoxify organophosphate insecticides. A novel PLL representative, dubbed VmoLac, has been identified from the hyperthermophilic crenarchaeon Vulcanisaeta moutnovskia. Because of its intrinsic high thermal stability, VmoLac may constitute an appealing candidate for engineering studies with the aim of producing an efficient biodecontaminant for organophosphorus compounds and a bacterial antivirulence agent. In combination with biochemical studies, structural information will allow the identification of the residues involved in substrate specificity and an understanding of the enzymatic catalytic mechanisms. Here, the expression, purification, crystallization and X-ray data collection at 2.4?Å resolution of VmoLac are reported.
Project description:A new representative of the Phosphotriesterase-Like Lactonases (PLLs) family from the hyperthermophilic crenarchaeon Vulcanisaeta moutnovskia has been characterized and crystallized. VmoLac is a native, proficient lactonase with promiscuous, low phosphotriesterase activity. VmoLac therefore represents an interesting candidate for engineering studies, with the aim of developing an efficient bacterial quorum-quenching agent. Here, we provide an extensive biochemical and kinetic characterization of VmoLac and describe the X-ray structures of the enzyme bound to a fatty acid and to its cognate substrate 3-oxo-C10 AHL (Acyl-Homoserine Lactone). The structures highlight possible structural determinants that may be involved in its extreme thermal stability (Tm = 128 °C). Moreover, the structure reveals that the substrate binding mode of VmoLac significantly differs from those of its close homologues, possibly explaining the substrate specificity of the enzyme. Finally, we describe the specific interactions between the enzyme and its substrate, and discuss the possible lactone hydrolysis mechanism of VmoLac.