Streptomyces sp. Tü6071 is a soil-dwelling bacterium which has a highly active isoprenoid biosynthesis. Isoprenoids are important precursors for biopharmaceutical molecules such as antibiotics or anticancer agents, e.g., landomycin. Streptomyces sp. Tü6071 produces the industrially important terpene glycosides phenalinolactones, which have antibacterial activity against several Gram-positive bacteria. The availability of the genome sequence of Streptomyces sp. Tü6071 allows for understanding the ...[more]
Project description:Streptomyces sp. M7 has demonstrated ability to remove lindane from culture media and soils. In this study, we used MS-based label-free quantitative proteomic to understand lindane degradation and its metabolic context in Streptomyces sp. M7. We identified the proteins involved in the up-stream degradation pathway. Our results demonstrated that mineralization of lindane is feasible since proteins from an unusual down-stream degradation pathway were also identified. Degradative steps were supported by an active catabolism that supplied energy and reducing equivalents in the form of NADPH. This is the first study in which degradation steps of an organochlorine compound and metabolic context are elucidate in a biotechnological genus as Streptomyces. These results serve as basement to study other degradative actinobacteria and to improve the degradation processes of Streptomyces sp. M7.
Project description:Actinomycete genomes contain a plethora of orphan gene clusters encoding unknown secondary metabolites, and representing a huge unexploited pool of chemical diversity. The explosive increase in genome sequencing and the massive advance of bioinformatic tools have revolutionized the rationale for natural product discovery from actinomycetes. In this context, we applied a genome mining approach to discover a group of unique catecholate-hydroxamate siderophores termed as qinichelins from Streptomyces sp. MBT76. Quantitative proteomics statistically correlated a gene cluster of interest (qch) to its unknown chemotype (qinichelin), after which structural elucidation of isolated qinichelin was assisted by bioinformatics analysis and verified by MS2 and NMR experiments. Strikingly, intertwined functional crosstalk among four separately located gene clusters was implicated in the biosynthesis of qinichelins.