Project description:The transcriptional profile of four tissues for the multi insecticide Anopheles gambiae (Tiassale) and lab susceptible Anopheles gambiae strain N'Gousso. The malpighian tubules, abodmen integument (containing the fat body epidermal, neuronal, muscle and oenocyte cells), midgut and remaining structures were dissected and compared two ways: (i) each body part against the corresponding whole organism (ii) resistant against corresponding susceptible body parts.
Project description:Wolbachia, an endosymbiotic bacterium, is being investigated as a vector control agent in several insect species. Along with the well known classical reproductive parasitism Wolbachia employs against its host to spread within the population, it is emerging that the bacteria can protect the host against pathogens and reduced pathogen transmission. Anopheles mosquitoes, which transmit malaria, have never been found to harbour Wolbachia in nature, and despite numerous transinfection attempts, no stable line has been developed. However recently, two strains of Wolbachia, wAlbB from Aedes albopictus, and wRi from Drosophila simulans were cultured in Anopheles gambiae Sua5B cells. These cell lines provides an amenable system to study Wolbachia-Anopheles interaction in the absence of a stable transinfected line. It has been proposed that the compromised vector competence of Wolbachia infected insects is due to an up regulation of the basal immune state. We therefore completed a genome wide expression profile of Wolbachia infected Anopheles, assessing both wAlbB and wRi infected cells in parallel against uninfected Sua5B cells. Overall design: Two strains of Wolbachia, wRi from Drosophila simulans and wAlbB from Aedes albopictus were transfered into Anopheles gambiae Sua5B cells via the shell vial technique. After over 30 passages, these Wolbachia infected cells lines were then compared, in parallel, to the original uninfected Sua5B cells using Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:In the present study, we have investigated the effect of CpG Oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG-ODN) on the outcome of Plasmodium infection of the mosquito vectors Anopheles stephensi and Anopheles gambiae and on the modulation of mosquito immunity to Plasmodium. Anopheles mosquitoes inoculated with CpG-ODN showed significant reduction of Plasmodium infection rate and intensity. Microarrays were used to profile transcription of fat-body from CpG-ODN-treated mosquitoes. Mosquitoes were dissected 18h after ODN inoculation (immediately before feeding). Batches of 20 to 30 fat bodies (abdomen without midgut, ovaries and malpighian tubule]) were dissected in cold DEPC-treated phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and processed for RNA preparation. Mosquitoes treated with CpG-ODNs are less susceptible to Plasmodium infection. Transcription profile of fat body indicates that protection was associated with coagulation/wound healing, while melanization appears to be depressed. Overall design: Anopheles gambiae s.s. mosquitoes were reared at 25 ºC and 75% humidity with a 12-hour light/dark cycle. Adult mosquitoes were maintained on a 10% glucose solution. Three- to four-day-old female mosquitoes were cold-anaesthetized and inoculated intratoraxically with 69nl of a 0.1mM CpG-oligodeoxynucleotide (0604 -5’ TCCATGACGTTCCTGATGCT 3’) solution or with the same volume of elution buffer using a Nanoject micro-injector (Drummond Scientific). Mosquitoes were left to rest for 18h. Batches of 20 to 30 fat bodies (abdomen without midgut, ovaries and malpighian tubule) were dissected in cold DEPC-treated phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and processed for RNA preparation. Two independent experiments were performed for each treatment.
Project description:Senescence is a biological phenomenon experienced by all living eukaryote organisms. Genome-wide gene expression associated with aging has been explored in model organisms such as Drosophila melanogaster and Caenorhabditis elegans, but this has not been well understood in African malaria vector, Anopheles gambiae. Gene expression profiling using DNA microarray allows for simultaneous study of changes in mRNA levels for thousands of genes. This study examined genome-wide gene expression during aging process in An. gambiae. The influence of blood feeding on gene expression was also examined. The data can be used to further our understanding of mosquito senescence and identify biomarkers for mosquito age grading. Overall design: Transcriptional profiles of Anopheles gambiae female mosquitoes were determined at 1, 4, 10, 19 and 28 days post adult eclosion. Additionally mosquitoes that had access to blood meals were compared to those that were maintained with access to only water and sugar.
Project description:Proteomic analysis of Anopheles gambiae brain tissue after in-gel trypsin digestion. To gain insights into neurobiology of the Anopheles gambiae mosquito, we carried out a proteomic analysis of its brain using a comprehensive proteomic approach.