Project description:The mitochondrial genomes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains contain up to 13 introns. An intronless recombinant genome introduced into the nuclear background of S. cerevisiae strain W303 gave the S. cerevisiae CW252 strain, which is used to model mitochondrial respiratory pathologies. The complete sequence of this mitochondrial genome was obtained using a hybrid assembling methodology.
Project description:We present the draft genome sequence of an isogenic haploid strain, IR-2idA30(MAT a), established from Saccharomyces cerevisiae IR-2. Assembly of long reads and previously obtained contigs from the genome of diploid IR-2 resulted in 50 contigs, and the variations and sequencing errors were corrected by short reads.
Project description:Saccharomyces cerevisiae I-328 is a yeast strain used for production of sherry-like wine in Russia. Here we report the draft genome sequence of this strain, which will facilitate comparative genomic studies of yeast strains used for winemaking.
Project description:BACKGROUND: Environmental stresses and inhibitors encountered by Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains are the main limiting factors in bioethanol fermentation. Strains with different genetic backgrounds usually show diverse stress tolerance responses. An understanding of the mechanisms underlying these phenotypic diversities within S. cerevisiae populations could guide the construction of strains with desired traits. RESULTS: We explored the genetic characteristics of the bioethanol S. cerevisiae strain YJS329 and elucidated how genetic variations in its genome were correlated with specified traits compared to similar traits in the S288c-derived strain, BYZ1. Karyotypic electrophoresis combined with array-comparative genomic hybridization indicated that YJS329 was a diploid strain with a relatively constant genome as a result of the fewer Ty elements and lack of structural polymorphisms between homologous chromosomes that it contained. By comparing the sequence with the S288c genome, a total of 64,998 SNPs, 7,093 indels and 11 unique genes were identified in the genome of YJS329-derived haploid strain YJSH1 through whole-genome sequencing. Transcription comparison using RNA-Seq identified which of the differentially expressed genes were the main contributors to the phenotypic differences between YJS329 and BYZ1. By combining the results obtained from the genome sequences and the transcriptions, we predicted how the SNPs, indels and chromosomal copy number variations may affect the mRNA expression profiles and phenotypes of the yeast strains. Furthermore, some genetic breeding strategies to improve the adaptabilities of YJS329 were designed and experimentally verified. CONCLUSIONS: Through comparative functional genomic analysis, we have provided some insights into the mechanisms underlying the specific traits of the bioenthanol strain YJS329. The work reported here has not only enriched the available genetic resources of yeast but has also indicated how functional genomic studies can be used to improve genetic breeding in yeast.
Project description:Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain Pf-1 is a yeast isolated from Prunus mume; it potentially can be used to produce wine and traditional Japanese sake. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of this strain. The genomic information will provide a deeper understanding of the brewing characteristics of this strain.
Project description:In recent years, thousands of Saccharomyces cerevisiae genomes have been sequenced to varying degrees of completion. The Saccharomyces Genome Database (SGD) has long been the keeper of the original eukaryotic reference genome sequence, which was derived primarily from S. cerevisiae strain S288C. Because new technologies are pushing S. cerevisiae annotation past the limits of any system based exclusively on a single reference sequence, SGD is actively working to expand the original S. cerevisiae systematic reference sequence from a single genome to a multi-genome reference panel. We first commissioned the sequencing of additional genomes and their automated analysis using the AGAPE pipeline. Here we describe our curation strategy to produce manually reviewed high-quality genome annotations in order to elevate 11 of these additional genomes to Reference status. Database URL: http://www.yeastgenome.org/.
Project description:Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain P-684 is a yeast isolated from the flowers of Prunus verecunda 'Antiqua,' producing high quantities of malic and succinic acids in sake brewing. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of P-684, enlightening the mechanisms of biosynthesis of these organic acids by this strain.
Project description:Here, we report the genome assembly of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae SA1-derived haploid (FMY097) indigenous strain isolated from a Brazilian ethanol distillery. FMY097 was recently reported to be a highly aldehyde-resistant strain capable of producing bioethanol in the presence of up to 40 mM furfural and 80 mM 5-hydroxymethylfurfural.
Project description:Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain Hm-1 is a yeast isolated from the flower of cotton rosemallow. This yeast is used for the production of Seishu, a traditional Japanese refined sake. Here, we report the strain's draft genome sequence. With this genomic information, the brewing characteristics of the strain can be better understood.
Project description:The genome of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was the first completely sequenced from a eukaryote. It was released in 1996 as the work of a worldwide effort of hundreds of researchers. In the time since, the yeast genome has been intensively studied by geneticists, molecular biologists, and computational scientists all over the world. Maintenance and annotation of the genome sequence have long been provided by the Saccharomyces Genome Database, one of the original model organism databases. To deepen our understanding of the eukaryotic genome, the S. cerevisiae strain S288C reference genome sequence was updated recently in its first major update since 1996. The new version, called "S288C 2010," was determined from a single yeast colony using modern sequencing technologies and serves as the anchor for further innovations in yeast genomic science.