Project description:Limited information is available on the whole-genome sequences of Kurthia spp. Here, we report, for the first time, the draft genome sequence of Kurthia gibsonii designated as strain B83. The strain was isolated from spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) leaf. The genome was sequenced on the Illumina NextSeq 500 platform.
Project description:Kurthia senegalensis strain JC8E(T) sp. nov. is the type strain of K. senegalensis sp. nov., a new species within the genus Kurthia. This strain, whose genome is described here, was isolated from the fecal flora of a healthy patient. K. senegalensis is an aerobic rod. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the complete genome sequence and annotation. The 2,975,103 bp long genome contains 2,889 protein-coding genes and 83 RNA genes, including between 4 and 6 rRNA genes.
Project description:Kurthia massiliensis strain JC30(T) sp. nov. is the type strain of K. massiliensis sp. nov., a new species within the genus Kurthia. This strain, whose genome is described here, was isolated from the fecal flora of a healthy patient. K. massiliensis is a Gram-positive aerobic rod. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the complete genome sequence and annotation. The 3,199,090 bp long genome contains 3,240 protein-coding genes and 86 RNA genes, including between 3 and 4 rRNA genes.
Project description:N-Acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs) act as the key quorum sensing (QS) signal molecules in gram-negative bacteria, which coordinates gene expression and then activates various processes, including biofilm formation and production of virulence factors in some pathogens. Quorum quenching (QQ), which is the inactivation of the signal molecules by means of enzymatic degradation or modification, inhibits the processes of QS rather than killing the pathogens and is a promising antipathogenic strategy to control the bacterial pathogens. In this study, an AHL lactonase gene (named aiiK) was cloned from Kurthia huakuii LAM0618T and the AHL lactonase AiiK was expressed by Escherichia coli. AiiK exhibits a variable substrate spectrum and efficient degradation of the AHL compounds. The enzyme assays demonstrated that AiiK behaves as an AHL lactonase that can hydrolyze the lactone bond of the AHLs. The total hydrolytic efficiency of AiiK for C10-HSL is 3.9?s-1·mM-1. AiiK can also maintain 20% activity after 12?h incubation at 37?°C and demonstrate great resistance to ?-chymotrypsin, trypsin, and protease K. Furthermore, AiiK significantly inhibits the biofilm formation and attenuates extracellular proteolytic activity and pyocyanin production of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1, which indicates the potential application of AiiK as a biocontrol agent or an anti-pathogenic drug.
Project description:In bacteria, small non-coding RNAs (sRNAs) are critical regulators of cellular adaptation to changes in metabolism, physiology, or the external environment. In the last decade, more than 2000 of sRNA families have been reported in the Rfam database and have been shown to exert various regulatory functions in bacterial transcription and translation. However, little is known about sRNAs and their functions in Mesorhizobium. Here, we predicted putative sRNAs in the intergenic regions (IGRs) of M. huakuii 7653R by genome-wide comparisons with four related Mesorhizobial strains. The expression and transcribed regions of candidate sRNAs were analyzed using a set of high-throughput RNA deep sequencing data. In all, 39 candidate sRNAs were found, with 5 located in the symbiotic megaplasmids and 34 in the chromosome of M. huakuii 7653R. Of these, 24 were annotated as functional sRNAs in the Rfam database and 15 were recognized as putative novel sRNAs. The expression of nine selected sRNAs was confirmed by Northern blotting, and most of the nine selected sRNAs were highly expressed in 28 dpi nodules and under symbiosis-mimicking conditions. For those putative novel sRNAs, functional categorizations of their target genes were performed by analyzing the enriched GO terms. In addition, MH_s15 was shown to be an abundant and conserved sRNA.
Project description:BACKGROUND: Evidence based on genomic sequences is urgently needed to confirm the phylogenetic relationship between Mesorhizobium strain MAFF303099 and M. huakuii. To define underlying causes for the rather striking difference in host specificity between M. huakuii strain 7653R and MAFF303099, several probable determinants also require comparison at the genomic level. An improved understanding of mobile genetic elements that can be integrated into the main chromosomes of Mesorhizobium to form genomic islands would enrich our knowledge of how genome dynamics may contribute to Mesorhizobium evolution in general. RESULTS: In this study, we sequenced the complete genome of 7653R and compared it with five other Mesorhizobium genomes. Genomes of 7653R and MAFF303099 were found to share a large set of orthologs and, most importantly, a conserved chromosomal backbone and even larger perfectly conserved synteny blocks. We also identified candidate molecular differences responsible for the different host specificities of these two strains. Finally, we reconstructed an ancestral Mesorhizobium genomic island that has evolved into diverse forms in different Mesorhizobium species. CONCLUSIONS: Our ortholog and synteny analyses firmly establish MAFF303099 as a strain of M. huakuii. Differences in nodulation factors and secretion systems T3SS, T4SS, and T6SS may be responsible for the unique host specificities of 7653R and MAFF303099 strains. The plasmids of 7653R may have arisen by excision of the original genomic island from the 7653R chromosome.
Project description:Very little is known about rhizobia that form nodules on Thermopsis spp. We report the isolation of a Mesorhizobium huakuii strain with a unique nodA gene that form nodules on Thermopsis lupinoides in Kamtchatka, Russia. The isolate did not form nodules on Thermopsis chinensis or Thermopsis caroliniana, which suggests it may be host specific.