Project description:Streptococcus sp. strain NPS 308, isolated from an 8-year-old girl diagnosed with infective endocarditis, likely presents a novel species of Streptococcus Here, we present a complete genome sequence of this species, which will contribute to better understanding of the pathogenesis of infective endocarditis.
Project description:A Gram-positive, ?-hemolytic, catalase-negative, facultative anaerobic and non-motile coccus was isolated form throat swabs taken from the oropharynx of healthy children. The genome was shown to be 1.950,659 bp long and contained 42.03 mol% G + C bases with 1,942 protein-coding and 53 RNA coding genes. The results of 16S rRNA gene sequencing strongly suggested that the strain is a member of the Streptococcus genus, with 98.04, 98.11, and 97.34% similarities to Streptococcus australis ATCC 700641T, Streptococcus rubneri LMG 27207T and Streptococcus parasanguinis ATCC 15912T, respectively. A sodA gene comparison exhibited a sequence identity of 92.6% with the closest strain Streptococcus australis ATCC 700641T. In silico DNA-DNA hybridization showed a highest DNA similarity value of 52% with Streptococcus australis ATCC 700641T. Comparing 18 biochemical traits, the similarities of the Streptococcus strain E24 were 72% with Streptococcus rubneri LMG 27207T, 78% with Streptococcus australis ATCC 700641T and 44% with Streptococcus parasanguinis ATCC 15912T. We suggest that based on the genotypic and phenotypic results that the strain E24 is a novel species of the Streptococcus genus and propose the name Streptococcus xiaochunlingii sp. nov. E24.
Project description:Streptococcus sp. X13SY08, isolated from freshwater Murray cod ?sh, likely presents a novel species of Streptococcus. Here, we present an annotated draft genome sequence of this species, which will improve our understanding of its physiology and pathogenesis.
Project description:Streptococci and veillonellae occur in mixed-species colonies during formation of early dental plaque. One factor hypothesized to be important in assembly of these initial communities is coaggregation (cell-cell recognition by genetically distinct bacteria). Intrageneric coaggregation of streptococci occurs when a lectin-like adhesin on one streptococcal species recognizes a receptor polysaccharide (RPS) on the partner species. Veillonellae also coaggregate with streptococci. These genera interact metabolically; lactic acid produced by streptococci is a carbon source for veillonellae. To transpose these interactions from undisturbed dental plaque to an experimentally tractable in vitro biofilm model, a community consisting of RPS-bearing streptococci juxtaposed with veillonellae was targeted by quantum dot-based immunofluorescence and then micromanipulated off the enamel surface and cultured. Besides the expected antibody-reactive cell types, a non-antibody-reactive streptococcus invisible during micromanipulation was obtained. The streptococci were identified as Streptococcus oralis (RPS bearing) and Streptococcus gordonii (adhesin bearing). The veillonellae could not be cultivated; however, a veillonella 16S rRNA gene sequence was amplified from the original isolation mixture, and this sequence was identical to the sequence of the previously studied organism Veillonella sp. strain PK1910, an oral isolate in our culture collection. S. oralis coaggregated with S. gordonii by an RPS-dependent mechanism, and both streptococci coaggregated with PK1910, which was used as a surrogate during in vitro community reconstruction. The streptococci and strain PK1910 formed interdigitated three-species clusters when grown as a biofilm using saliva as the nutritional source. PK1910 grew only when streptococci were present. This study confirms that RPS-mediated intrageneric coaggregation occurs in the earliest stages of plaque formation by bringing bacteria together to create a functional community.
Project description:Three isolates of a previously reported novel catalase-negative, Gram-stain-positive, coccoid, alpha-haemolytic, Streptococcus species that were associated with meningoencephalitis in naïve weanling mice were further evaluated to confirm their taxonomic status and to determine additional phenotypic and molecular characteristics. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed nearly identical intra-species sequence similarity (?99.9?%), and revealed the closest phylogenetically related species, Streptococcus acidominimus and Streptococcuscuniculi, with 97.0 and 97.5?%?sequence similarity, respectively. The rpoB, sodA and recN genes were identical for the three isolates and were 87.6, 85.7 and 82.5?% similar to S. acidominimus and 89.7, 86.2 and 80.7?% similar to S. cuniculi, respectively. In silico DNA-DNA hybridization analyses of mouse isolate 12-5202T against S. acidominimus CCUG 27296T and S. cuniculi CCUG 65085T produced estimated values of 26.4 and 25.7?%?relatedness, and the calculated average nucleotide identity values were 81.9 and 81.7, respectively. These data confirm the taxonomic status of 12-5202T as a distinct Streptococcus species, and we formally propose the type strain, Streptococcusazizii 12-5202T (=CCUG 69378T=DSM 103678T). The genome of Streptococcus azizii sp. nov. 12-5202T contains 2062 total genes with a size of 2.34 Mbp, and an average G+C?content of 42.76?mol%.
Project description:Streptomyces sp. strain 11-1-2 is a Gram-positive filamentous bacterium that was isolated from a common scab lesion on a potato tuber. The strain is highly pathogenic to plants but does not produce the virulence-associated Streptomyces phytotoxin thaxtomin A. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Streptomyces sp. 11-1-2.
Project description:Streptococcus sp. strain VT 162 was isolated from the saliva of pediatric oncohematology patients. Its full genome is 2,045,418 bp. The availability of this genome will provide insights into the composition of microbial flora among pediatric oncohematology patients and the host interaction and pathogenicity of this species.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Very few closed genomes of the cyanobacteria that commonly produce toxic blooms in lakes and reservoirs are available, limiting our understanding of the properties of these organisms. A new anatoxin-a-producing member of the Nostocaceae, Anabaena sp. WA102, was isolated from a freshwater lake in Washington State, USA, in 2013 and maintained in non-axenic culture. RESULTS:The Anabaena sp. WA102 5.7 Mbp genome assembly has been closed with long-read, single-molecule sequencing and separately a draft genome assembly has been produced with short-read sequencing technology. The closed and draft genome assemblies are compared, showing a correlation between long repeats in the genome and the many gaps in the short-read assembly. Anabaena sp. WA102 encodes anatoxin-a biosynthetic genes, as does its close relative Anabaena sp. AL93 (also introduced in this study). These strains are distinguished by differences in the genes for light-harvesting phycobilins, with Anabaena sp. AL93 possessing a phycoerythrocyanin operon. Biologically relevant structural variants in the Anabaena sp. WA102 genome were detected only by long-read sequencing: a tandem triplication of the anaBCD promoter region in the anatoxin-a synthase gene cluster (not triplicated in Anabaena sp. AL93) and a 5-kbp deletion variant present in two-thirds of the population. The genome has a large number of mobile elements (160). Strikingly, there was no synteny with the genome of its nearest fully assembled relative, Anabaena sp. 90. CONCLUSION:Structural and functional genome analyses indicate that Anabaena sp. WA102 has a flexible genome. Genome closure, which can be readily achieved with long-read sequencing, reveals large scale (e.g., gene order) and local structural features that should be considered in understanding genome evolution and function.