Project description:Burkholderia seminalis strain TC3.4.2R3 is an endophytic bacterium isolated from sugarcane roots that produces antimicrobial compounds, facilitating its ability to act as a biocontrol agent against phytopathogenic bacteria. In this study, we investigated the thermoregulation of B. seminalis TC3.4.2R3 at 28?°C (environmental stimulus) and 37?°C (host-associated stimulus) at the transcriptional and phenotypic levels. The production of biofilms and exopolysaccharides such as capsular polysaccharides and the biocontrol of phytopathogenic fungi were enhanced at 28?°C. At 37?°C, several metabolic pathways were activated, particularly those implicated in energy production, stress responses and the biosynthesis of transporters. Motility, growth and virulence in the Galleria mellonella larvae infection model were more significant at 37?°C. Our data suggest that the regulation of capsule expression could be important in virulence against G. mellonella larvae at 37?°C. In contrast, B. seminalis TC3.4.2R3 failed to cause death in infected BALB/c mice, even at an infective dose of 107 CFU.mL-1. We conclude that temperature drives the regulation of gene expression in B. seminalis during its interactions with the environment.
Project description:Rhizoctonia solani is the causative agent of rice sheath blight disease. In a previous study, we found that the growth of R. solani was inhibited by Burkholderia seminalis strain R456. Therefore, the present study was conducted to identify the genes involved in the antifungal activity of B. seminalis strain R456 by using a Tn5 transposon mutation method. Firstly, we constructed a random insertion transposon library of 997 mutants, out of which 11 mutants showed the defective antifungal activity against R. solani. Furthermore, the 10 antagonism-related genes were successfully identified based on analysis of the Tn5 transposon insertion site. Indeed, this result indicated that three mutants were inserted on an indigenous plasmid in which the same insertion site was observed in two mutants. In addition, the remaining eight mutants were inserted on different genes encoding glycosyl transferase, histone H1, nonribosomal peptide synthetase, methyltransferase, MnmG, sulfate export transporter, catalase/peroxidase HPI and CysD, respectively. Compared to the wild type, the 11 mutants showed a differential effect in bacteriological characteristics such as cell growth, biofilm formation and response to H2O2 stress, revealing the complexity of action mode of these antagonism-related genes. However, a significant reduction of cell motility was observed in the 11 mutants compared to the wild type. Therefore, it can be inferred that the antifungal mechanism of the 10 above-mentioned genes may be, at least partially, due to the weakness of cell motility. Overall, the result of this study will be helpful for us to understand the biocontrol mechanism of this bacterium.
Project description:Response of bacterial pathogen to environmental bacteria and its host is critical for understanding of microbial adaption and pathogenesis. Here, we used RNA-Seq to comprehensively and quantitatively assess the transcriptional response of Acidovorax avenae subsp. avenae strain RS-1 cultivated in vitro, in vivo and in co-culture with rice rhizobacterium Burkholderia seminalis R456. Results revealed a slight response to other bacteria, but a strong response to host. In particular, a large number of virulence associated genes encoding Type I to VI secretion systems, 118 putative non-coding RNAs, and 7 genomic islands (GIs) were differentially expressed in vivo based on comparative genomic and transcriptomic analyses. Furthermore, the loss of virulence for knockout mutants of 11 differentially expressed T6SS genes emphasized the importance of these genes in bacterial pathogenicity. In addition, the reliability of expression data obtained by RNA-Seq was supported by quantitative real-time PCR of the 25 selected T6SS genes. Overall, this study highlighted the role of differentially expressed genes in elucidating bacterial pathogenesis based on combined analysis of RNA-Seq data and knockout of T6SS genes.
Project description:Individual normalized intensity of Burkholderia cenocepacia and Burkholderia seminalis hybridized in a B. cenocepacia array Overall design: A collection of 199 Burkholderia isolates were hybridized against an array targeting five B. cenocepacia strains in order to understand the gene distribution within this species. Burkholderia cenocepacia (n=191) as well as Burkholderia seminalis (n=8, as controls) were used in this analysis.