Proteomics

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Regulation of microtubules by DIAPH3 loss influences amoeboid tumor cell sensitivity to taxanes


ABSTRACT: Diaphanous-related formin-3 (DIAPH3), a cytoskeletal regulator of the formin family, is lost at high frequency in metastatic breast and prostate cancers and has characteristics of a non-canonical metastasis suppressor. We previously demonstrated that DIAPH3 silencing evokes transition to an “amoeboid” phenotype, characterized by rapid motility, RhoA/ROCK and MEK/ERK pathway activation, dynamic membrane blebbing, and increased shedding of microvesicles. Here we report that low DIAPH3 mRNA expression correlates with reduced survival in multiple cancer patient cohorts. In line with induction of amoeboid behavior, traction force microscopy (TFM) revealed that polarized force generation, contractility, and response to substrate stiffness are reduced by DIAPH3 loss. Proteomic analyses revealed that DIAPH3 precipitates with tubulins, and reciprocal co-immunoprecipitation analyses revealed greater binding of DIAPH3 to MT polymers than soluble tubulin. DIAPH3 also bound to acetylated-tubulin (Ac-tubulin), suggesting association with a stable MT population. DIAPH3 silencing reduced Ac-tubulin and increased the cellular content of dynamic MT, as indicated by TFM and live cell imaging. DIAPH3 silencing also increased responsiveness to MT-disrupting agents. Treatment with the taxanes paclitaxel and docetaxel, and the non-taxane epothilone B, induced a greater change in Ac-tubulin when cells lacked DIAPH3. Intracellular accumulation of Oregon Green 488-paclitaxel was also increased by DIAPH3 loss, and accordingly, DIAPH3 silencing enhanced cytotoxicity by paclitaxel, docetaxel, or epothilone B. Gene expression profiles of breast cancer patients treated with chemotherapeutic regimens containing taxanes revealed an association of low DIAPH3 expression with improved relapse-free survival. Collectively, these results suggest that regulation of MT stability/dynamics by DIAPH3 enhances amoeboid tumor cell susceptibility to microtubule poisons. These findings have potential therapeutic implications.

INSTRUMENT(S): LTQ Orbitrap Elite

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

TISSUE(S): Tissue Not Applicable To Dataset

DISEASE(S): Prostate Adenocarcinoma,Brain Cancer

SUBMITTER: Wei Yang  

LAB HEAD: Wei Yang

PROVIDER: PXD001192 | Pride | 2015-07-27

REPOSITORIES: pride

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Publications


Taxanes are widely employed chemotherapies for patients with metastatic prostate and breast cancer. Here, we show that loss of Diaphanous-related formin-3 (DIAPH3), frequently associated with metastatic breast and prostate cancers, correlates with increased sensitivity to taxanes. DIAPH3 interacted with microtubules (MT), and its loss altered several parameters of MT dynamics as well as decreased polarized force generation, contractility, and response to substrate stiffness. Silencing of DIAPH3  ...[more]

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