Proteomics

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Comparative proteomic analysis of human liver tissue and isolated hepatocytes with a focus on proteins determining drug exposure


ABSTRACT: Freshly isolated human hepatocytes are considered the gold standard for in vitro studies of liver functions, including drug transport, metabolism, and toxicity. For accurate predictions of in vivo outcome, the isolated hepatocytes should reflect the phenotype of their in vivo counterpart, i.e., hepatocytes in human liver tissue. Here, we quantified and compared the membrane proteomes of freshly isolated hepatocytes and human liver tissue using a label-free shotgun proteomics approach. A total of 5144 unique proteins were identified, spanning over six orders of magnitude in abundance. There was a good global correlation in protein abundance. However, the expression of many plasma membrane proteins was lower in the isolated hepatocytes than in the liver tissue. This included transport proteins that determine hepatocyte exposure to many drugs and endogenous compounds. Pathway analysis of the differentially expressed proteins confirmed that hepatocytes are exposed to oxidative stress during isolation and suggested that plasma membrane proteins were degraded via the protein ubiquitination pathway. Finally, using pitavastatin as an example, we show how protein quantifications can improve in vitro predictions of in vivo liver clearance. We tentatively conclude that our data set will be a useful source for improved hepatocyte predictions of in vivo outcome.

REANALYSED by: GPM32320016470

INSTRUMENT(S): LTQ Orbitrap Velos

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

TISSUE(S): Liver

DISEASE(S): Not Available

SUBMITTER: Jacek Wisniewski  

LAB HEAD: Jacek R Wisniewski

PROVIDER: PXD002235 | Pride | 2015-07-16

REPOSITORIES: pride

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Publications

Comparative Proteomic Analysis of Human Liver Tissue and Isolated Hepatocytes with a Focus on Proteins Determining Drug Exposure.

Vildhede Anna A   Wiśniewski Jacek R JR   Norén Agneta A   Karlgren Maria M   Artursson Per P  

Journal of proteome research 20150720 8


Freshly isolated human hepatocytes are considered the gold standard for in vitro studies of liver functions, including drug transport, metabolism, and toxicity. For accurate predictions of the in vivo outcome, the isolated hepatocytes should reflect the phenotype of their in vivo counterpart, i.e., hepatocytes in human liver tissue. Here, we quantified and compared the membrane proteomes of freshly isolated hepatocytes and human liver tissue using a label-free shotgun proteomics approach. A tota  ...[more]

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