Proteomics

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In vivo protein interaction network analysis reveals porin-localized toxin inactivation in antibiotic resistant bacteria


ABSTRACT: The nosocomial pathogen Acinetobacter baumannii is a frequent cause of hospital acquired infections worldwide, and a challenge for treatment due to its evolved resistance to antibiotics, including carbapenems. To gain insight on A. baumannii antibiotic resistance mechanisms, we analyzed the protein interaction network of a multidrug-resistant A. baumannii clinical strain Ab5075. Using in vivo chemical cross-linking and mass spectrometry, we identified 2,068 non-redundant cross-linked peptide pairs containing 245 intra- and 398 inter- molecular interactions. Outer membrane proteins OmpA and YiaD, and carbapenemase Oxa-23 are hubs of the identified interaction network. Eighteen novel interactors of Oxa-23 were identified. Interactions of Oxa-23 with outer membrane porins OmpA and CarO were verified with co-immunoprecipitation analysis. Furthermore, transposon mutagenesis of oxa-23 or interactors of Oxa-23 demonstrated changes in meropenem or imipenem sensitivity in Ab5075. These results provide the first view of a porin-localized toxin inactivation model and increase understanding of bacterial antibiotic resistance mechanisms.

INSTRUMENT(S): LTQ FT

ORGANISM(S): Acinetobacter baumannii AB5075  

TISSUE(S): Tissue Not Applicable To Dataset

DISEASE(S): Not Available

SUBMITTER: Xia Wu  

LAB HEAD: James E. Bruce

PROVIDER: PXD004236 | Pride | 2016-12-22

REPOSITORIES: pride

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The nosocomial pathogen Acinetobacter baumannii is a frequent cause of hospital-acquired infections worldwide and is a challenge for treatment due to its evolved resistance to antibiotics, including carbapenems. Here, to gain insight on A. baumannii antibiotic resistance mechanisms, we analyse the protein interaction network of a multidrug-resistant A. baumannii clinical strain (AB5075). Using in vivo chemical cross-linking and mass spectrometry, we identify 2,068 non-redundant cross-linked pept  ...[more]

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