Proteomics

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Osteoarthritis osteoblasts secretome


ABSTRACT: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disease and this is a major cause of joint pain and disability in the aging population. Its etiology is multifactorial (i.e., age, obesity, joint injury, genetic predisposition), and the pathophysiologic process affects the entirety of the joint (Martel-Pelletier J et al. Osteoarthritis. Nature reviews Disease primers. 2016;2:16072). Although it is not yet clear if it precedes or occurs subsequently to cartilage damage, subchondral bone sclerosis is an important feature in OA pathophysiology (Goldring SR et al. Changes in the osteochondral unit during osteoarthritis: structure, function and cartilage-bone crosstalk. Nat Rev Rheumatol. 2016;12:632-44). It is characterized by local bone resorption and the accumulation of weakly mineralized osteoid substance (Bailey AJ et al. Phenotypic expression of osteoblast collagen in osteoarthritic bone: production of type I homotrimer. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2002;34:176-82). Subchondral bone sclerosis is suspected to be linked to cartilage degradation, not only by modifying the mechanical stresses transmitted to the cartilage, but also by releasing biochemical factors with an activity on cartilage metabolism (Sanchez C et al. Osteoblasts from the sclerotic subchondral bone downregulate aggrecan but upregulate metalloproteinases expression by chondrocytes. This effect is mimicked by interleukin-6, -1beta and oncostatin M pre-treated non-sclerotic osteoblasts. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2005;13:979-87; Sanchez C et al. Subchondral bone osteoblasts induce phenotypic changes in human osteoarthritic chondrocytes. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2005;13:988-97; Westacott CI et al J. Alteration of cartilage metabolism by cells from osteoarthritic bone. Arthritis Rheum. 1997;40:1282-91. We have previously demonstrated that osteoblasts isolated from subchondral OA bone exhibited an altered phenotype. More precisely, we showed that osteoblasts coming from the thickening (called sclerotic, SC) of subchondral bone located just below a cartilage lesion produced higher levels of alkaline phosphatase, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, prostaglandinE2, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and transforming growth factor(TGF)-β1 and type I collagen than osteoblasts coming from the non-thickening neighboring area (called non-sclerotic area, NSC) (Sanchez C et al. Phenotypic characterization of osteoblasts from the sclerotic zones of osteoarthritic subchondral bone. Arthritis Rheum. 2008;58:442-55; Sanchez C et al. Regulation of subchondral bone osteoblast metabolism by cyclic compression. Arthritis Rheum. 2012;64:1193-203.) To compare secretome of cells living in different in vivo conditions is useful, not only to better understand the pathological mechanisms underlying changes in OA subchondral bone, but also to identify soluble biomarkers potentially reflecting these changes. Using our well-characterised human subchondral osteoblast culture model, we compared the secretome of osteoblasts coming from sclerotic and non sclerotic OA subchondral bone. This approach allowed to identify changes in secretome that contribute to explain some subchondral bone abnormalities in OA and to propose osteomodulin and fibulin-3 as potential biomarkers of OA subchondral bone remodelling.

INSTRUMENT(S): Synapt G2 HDMS

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

TISSUE(S): Leaf, Bone

DISEASE(S): Osteoarthritis

SUBMITTER: Gabriel Mazzucchelli  

LAB HEAD: Yves Henrotin

PROVIDER: PXD008494 | Pride | 2018-03-20

REPOSITORIES: pride

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Publications

Comparison of secretome from osteoblasts derived from sclerotic versus non-sclerotic subchondral bone in OA: A pilot study.

Sanchez Christelle C   Mazzucchelli Gabriel G   Lambert Cécile C   Comblain Fanny F   DePauw Edwin E   Henrotin Yves Y  

PloS one 20180316 3


Osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized by cartilage degradation but also by other joint tissues modifications like subchondral bone sclerosis. In this study, we used a proteomic approach to compare secretome of osteoblast isolated from sclerotic (SC) or non sclerotic (NSC) area of OA subchondral bone.Secretome was analyzed using differential quantitative and relative label free analysis on nanoUPLC G2 HDMS system. mRNA of the more differentially secreted proteins were quantified by RT-PCR in cell  ...[more]

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