Dataset Information


Response of Galleria to co-infection by Candida and Staphylococcus.

ABSTRACT: Polymicrobial infections are intrinsically less susceptible to antimicrobial therapy, are more invasive and can induce enhanced inflammatory responses leading to negative clinical outcomes. The importance of studying the interaction between microbes themselves and their interactions with their host in combination has only been realised in recent years. However, there is a lack of simple, effective and low cost in vivo models to study these interactions with the host immune response. This study details the responses of Galleria mellonella larvae to disseminated combination infection by C. albicans and S. aureus and demonstrates the efficacy of antimicrobial chemotherapy on treating co-infected larvae. Doses of C. albicans (1 × 105 larva-1) and S. aureus (1 × 104 larva-1) which were non-lethal in mono-infection, when combined significantly lowered larval survival at (70 ± 3.33% [p < 0.01]), 48 (10 ± 3.33% [p < 0.0001]) and 72h (5 ± 6.66% [p < 0.0001]) h relative to larvae receiving S. aureus 2 × 104 larva-1 mono-infection. Co-infected larvae with S. aureus 2 × 104 larva-1 resulted in an increase in the density of circulating hemocytes relative to S. aureus mono-infected larvae. Co-infected larvae displayed a significantly higher overall S. aureus c.f.u larva-1 compared to larvae only infected with S. aureus. Co-infection resulted in dissemination throughout the host and the appearance of large nodules. Proteomic analysis of co-infected larval hemolymph revealed specific immune responses to bacterial and fungal infection by the increased abundance of a range of antimicrobial peptides, peptidoglycan, lipopolysaccharide and β-glucan recognition proteins and proteins associated with tissue invasion and nodule formation. The in vitro and in vivo efficacy of empirical antimicrobial drugs (amphotericin B & meropenem) was examined against C. albicans and S. aureus was also examined. meropenem was more effective than amphotericin B but a combination was most effective at improving survival of co-infected larvae. The effect of antimicrobial therapy on symptoms associated with co-infection was also assessed using Cryo-imaging. The processes of polymicrobial co-infection in G. mellonella are compared to those in mice models and larvae provide an easy to use and ethically acceptable in vivo system to assess polymicrobial interactions with their host.


ORGANISM(S): Galleria mellonella  

TISSUE(S): Tissue Not Applicable To Dataset

DISEASE(S): Not Available

SUBMITTER: Gerard Sheehan  

LAB HEAD: Kevin Kavanagh

PROVIDER: PXD014273 | Pride | 2020-02-24


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Candida albicans increases the pathogenicity of Staphylococcus aureus during polymicrobial infection of Galleria mellonella larvae.

Sheehan Gerard G   Tully Laura L   Kavanagh Kevin A KA  

Microbiology (Reading, England) 20200218 4

This study detailed the responses of Galleria mellonella larvae to disseminated infection caused by co-infection with Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus. Doses of C. albicans (1×105 larva-1) and S. aureus (1×104 larva-1) were non-lethal in mono-infection but when combined significantly (P<0.05) reduced larval survival at 24, 48 and 72 h relative to larvae receiving S. aureus (2×104 larva-1) alone. Co-infected larvae displayed a significantly higher density of S. aureus larva-1 compared t  ...[more]

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