Proteomics

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HDAC3 preferentially binds to RUNX1 in t(8;21) AML cells and collaborates with RUNX1 to repress AML1-ETO-mediated transcriptional activation


ABSTRACT: Human histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) plays an important role in gene transcription in diseased human cells, such as leukemia. The t(8;21) chromosomal translocation is one of the most commonly observed genetic abnormalities associated with acute myeloid leukemia. This translocation generates the AML1-ETO fusion protein between the wild-type RUNX1 transcription factor and wild-type ETO transcriptional corepressor. To better understand the role of HDAC3 in t(8;21) leukemogenesis, the human HDAC3-containing complexes were isolated from stably-transfected HeLa cells by using anti-FLAG immunoprecipitation. The resulting complexes were resolved in SDS-PAGE. The components of the complexes were identified using LC-MS/MS. We report here that the human RUNX1 transcription is a component of the HDAC3 complexes. We demonstrate that HDAC3 and RUNX1 collaboratively repress AML1-ETO-mediated transcription. These results reveal new insight into how AML1-ETO, RUNX1, and HDAC3 crosstalk to deregulate gene transcription in t(8;21) leukemia cells.

INSTRUMENT(S): Orbitrap Fusion

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

TISSUE(S): Tissue Not Applicable To Dataset

DISEASE(S): Acute Leukemia

SUBMITTER: Markus Kalkum  

LAB HEAD: Markus Kalkum

PROVIDER: PXD017230 | Pride | 2020-02-17

REPOSITORIES: pride

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Publications

Histone deacetylase 3 preferentially binds and collaborates with the transcription factor RUNX1 to repress AML1-ETO-dependent transcription in t(8;21) AML.

Guo Chun C   Li Jian J   Steinauer Nickolas N   Wong Madeline M   Wu Brent B   Dickson Alexandria A   Kalkum Markus M   Zhang Jinsong J  

The Journal of biological chemistry 20200218 13


In up to 15% of acute myeloid leukemias (AMLs), a recurring chromosomal translocation, termed t(8;21), generates the AML1-eight-twenty-one (ETO) leukemia fusion protein, which contains the DNA-binding domain of Runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1) and almost all of ETO. RUNX1 and the AML1-ETO fusion protein are coexpressed in t(8;21) AML cells and antagonize each other's gene-regulatory functions. AML1-ETO represses transcription of RUNX1 target genes by competitively displacing RUNX1 and  ...[more]

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