Proteomics

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A miR-494 dependent feedback loop regulates ER stress (ANAN-376 Project)


ABSTRACT: Defects in stress responses are important contributors in many chronic conditions including cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity-driven pathologies like non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Specifically, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is linked with these pathologies and control of ER stress can ameliorate tissue damage. MicroRNAs have a critical role in regulating diverse stress responses including ER stress. Here we show that miR-494-3p plays a functional role during ER stress. ER stress inducers (tunicamycin and thapsigargin) robustly increase the expression of miR-494 in vitro in an ATF6 dependent manner. Surprisingly, miR-494 pretreatment dampens the induction and magnitude of ER stress in response to tunicamycin in endothelial cells. Conversely, inhibition of miR-494 increases ER stress de novo and amplifies the effects of ER stress inducers. Using Mass Spectrometry (TMT-MS) we identified many proteins that are downregulated by both tunicamycin and miR-494 in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Among these, we found 6 transcripts which harbor a putative miR-494 binding site. Our data indicates that ER stress driven miR-494 may act in a feedback inhibitory loop to dampen downstream ER stress signaling. We propose that RNA-based approaches targeting miR-494 or its targets may be attractive candidates for inhibiting ER stress dependent pathologies in human disease.

INSTRUMENT(S): Orbitrap Fusion

ORGANISM(S): Homo Sapiens (human)

TISSUE(S): Endothelial Cell Of Umbilical Vein

SUBMITTER: Phillip Wilmarth  

LAB HEAD: Dr. Sudarshan Anand

PROVIDER: PXD019992 | Pride | 2021-09-09

REPOSITORIES: Pride

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Publications

MicroRNA-494 Regulates Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Endothelial Cells.

Chatterjee Namita N   Fraile-Bethencourt Eugenia E   Baris Adrian A   Espinosa-Diez Cristina C   Anand Sudarshan S  

Frontiers in cell and developmental biology 20210712


Defects in stress responses are important contributors in many chronic conditions including cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity-driven pathologies like non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Specifically, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is linked with these pathologies and control of ER stress can ameliorate tissue damage. MicroRNAs have a critical role in regulating diverse stress responses including ER stress. Here, we show that miR-494 plays a functional role during ER stre  ...[more]

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