Transcriptomics,Multiomics

Dataset Information

62

Toxicogenomic responses of C. elegans to gold nanoparticles


ABSTRACT: We used Au nanoparticles (Au-NPs) as a model for studying particle specific effects of manufactured nanomaterials (MNMs) by examining the toxicogenomic responses in a model soil organism, free living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Global genome expression for nematodes exposed to 4-nm citrate-coated Au-NPs at the LC10 (5.9 mg L-1) revealed significant differential expression of 797 genes. The levels of expression for five genes (apl-1, dyn-1, act-5, abu-11, and hsp-4) were confirmed independently with qRT-PCR. Seven common biological pathways associated with 38 of these genes were identified. Activation of 26 pqn/abu genes from noncanonical Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) pathway and up-regulation of molecular chaperones (hsp-16.1, hsp-70, hsp-3 and hsp-4) were observed and are likely indicative of endoplasmic reticulum stress. Inhibition of abu-11 with RNAi showed increase in mortality in Au-NP exposed nematodes suggesting possible involvement of abu-11 (a gene associated with specific to C. elegans UPR) in a protective mechanism against Au-NPs. Exposure to Au-NPs also caused activation of genes involved in apoptosis and necrosis and resulted ultimately in 10% mortality. These results demonstrate that Au-NPs are bioavailable and cause adverse effects to a model ecoreceptor which activate both general and specific biological pathways. Age-synchronized L3 nematodes (about 2000 nematodes per replicate with 3 replicates per treatment) were exposed to LC10 (5.9 mgL-1 ) of 4-nm citrate-coated Au-NP using 6 cm petri-dishes with 4 ml of exposure solution per dish. The N2 nematodes at L3 stageused were used and they were exposed in 50% K-Medium (31.68 mM KCl, 51.37 mM NaCl) for 12h. At 12 h all solutions were replaced with 50% K-Medium and left for another 12 h. After 24 h RNA was extracted from each of the replicates .

REANALYSIS of: E-GEOD-32521

ORGANISM(S): Caenorhabditis elegans  

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-32521 | ExpressionAtlas | 2014-07-03

REPOSITORIES: ExpressionAtlas

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Toxicogenomic responses of the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans to gold nanoparticles.

Tsyusko Olga V OV   Unrine Jason M JM   Spurgeon David D   Blalock Eric E   Starnes Daniel D   Tseng Michael M   Joice Greg G   Bertsch Paul M PM  

Environmental science & technology 20120313 7


We used Au nanoparticles (Au-NPs) as a model for studying particle-specific effects of manufactured nanomaterials (MNMs) by examining the toxicogenomic responses in a model soil organism, Caenorhabditis elegans . Global genome expression for nematodes exposed to 4-nm citrate-coated Au-NPs at the LC(10) level (5.9 mg·L(-1)) revealed significant differential expression of 797 genes. The levels of expression for five genes (apl-1, dyn-1, act-5, abu-11, and hsp-4) were confirmed independently with  ...[more]

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