Dataset Information


Sodium metavanadate exhibits carcinogenic tendencies in vitro in immortalized human bronchial epithelial cells [DEG.C]

ABSTRACT: Pentavalent vanadium compounds induce intracellular changes in vitro that are consistent with those of other carcinogenic substances, including alteration of transcription factor levels, promotion of oxidative stress, inflammation, DNA damage, stimulation of mitogenic signals, and suppression of apoptosis. While there is no clear evidence that vanadium compounds cause cancer in humans, vanadium pentoxide causes lung cancer in rodents after long-term inhalation exposures and in turn IARC has categorized it as a group 2B possible human carcinogen. The goal of this study was to investigate the carcinogenicity of NaVO3 in the human immortalized bronchial epithelial cell line, Beas-2B. Cells were treated with 10 µM NaVO3 for 5 weeks, with or without recovery time, followed by gene expression microarray analysis. In a separate experiment, cells were exposed to 1-10 µM NaVO3 for 4 weeks and then grown in soft agar to test for anchorage-independent growth. A dose-dependent increase in the number of colonies was observed. NaVO3-transformed clones could repair a wound faster than controls during the scratch test. In a gene expression microarray analysis of soft agar clones there were 2010 differentially expressed genes (DEG) (adjusted p-value ≤ 0.05) in NaVO3-transformed clones relative to control clones. DEG from this experiment were compared with the DEG of 5 week NaVO3 exposure with or without recovery, all with adjusted p-values <0.05, and 469 genes were altered in the same direction for transformed clones, 5 week NaVO3-treated cells, and the recovered cells; a subset of these changes were validated by QRT-PCR. The data from this study imply that chronic exposure to NaVO3 causes changes that are consistent with cellular transformation including anchorage- independent growth, enhanced migration ability, and gene expression changes that were epigenetically inherited through cell division. Beas-2B cells were chronically exposed to sodium metavanadate in growth media for 4 weeks. Then exposed cells and unexposed control cells were grown in soft agar for 3 weeks in the absence of vanadate. Transformed colonies (arising from vanadate-exposed cells) and control colonies (spontaneously grew from unexposed cells) were extracted from soft agar and expanded in the absence of vanadate, then processed for gene expression analysis on Affymetrix GeneChip Human Exon 1.0 ST array. 5 transformed clones, 3 control clones, 1 parental Beas-2B cell sample, and acute 24 hour vanadate exposed cell samples were analyzed.


ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-43386 | ExpressionAtlas | 2015-08-19

REPOSITORIES: ExpressionAtlas

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