Dataset Information


Transcription profiling by array of CIC-2 knock out mice

ABSTRACT: ClC-2 is a broadly expressed Cl- channel of the CLC family of Cl- channels and transporters which is abundantly expressed in brain. Here it was proposed to participate in lowering the cytoplasmic Cl- concentration of neurons, a process that establishes an inhibitory response to the neurotransmitters GABA and glycine (Staley et al., 1996). Heterozygous mutations in CLCN2 (the gene encoding ClC-2) were recently reported in a few patients with three clinically distinct forms of epilepsy (Haug et al, 2003). However, the disruption of ClC-2 in mice (ClC-2 KO mouse) did not entail epilepsy (Bösl et al., 2001; Nehrke et al., 2002) but myelin vacuolation in fiber tracts of the central nervous system. We used a gene expression profiling of the ClC-2 KO mouse in brain to identify possible disease mechanism which cause the observed myelin phenotype. As these myelin vacuolation became apparent in the fiber tracts of ClC-2 KO cerebellum at P28 and increased with age, we analysed the cerebellum of ClC-2 KO mice at different postnatal ages, before (P14) and after (P35) the KO cerebellum has been affected by myelin vacuolation.


ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

PROVIDER: E-MEXP-1028 | ExpressionAtlas | 2014-08-16

REPOSITORIES: ExpressionAtlas

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Leukoencephalopathy upon disruption of the chloride channel ClC-2.

Blanz Judith J   Schweizer Michaela M   Auberson Muriel M   Maier Hannes H   Muenscher Adrian A   Hübner Christian A CA   Jentsch Thomas J TJ  

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 20070601 24

ClC-2 is a broadly expressed plasma membrane chloride channel that is modulated by voltage, cell swelling, and pH. A human mutation leading to a heterozygous loss of ClC-2 has previously been reported to be associated with epilepsy, whereas the disruption of Clcn2 in mice led to testicular and retinal degeneration. We now show that the white matter of the brain and spinal cord of ClC-2 knock-out mice developed widespread vacuolation that progressed with age. Fluid-filled spaces appeared between  ...[more]

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